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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:443/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-a153fce4-f973-48a1-b90a-525c9dbdc966

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Torgas condensate combustion in the SI engine

Autorzy Chwist, M.  Szwaja, S.  Grab-Rogaliński, K.  Poskart, A. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The article presents results from IC engine tests on combustion of alcohol fuel with the addition of torgas condensate. Torgas is a by-product created from the torrefaction of Sida hermaphrodita. It was obtained from torrefaction carried out at a temperature of 400°C. Torgas was condensed in a tubular cooler. The basic fuel was butanol. This fuel was chosen, because regular hydrocarbon based fuels got delaminated while blended with torgas condensate. The condensate dissolves in alcohol therefore the choice was justified. In the mixture, the volume ratio of alcohol to condensate was 4:1. The combustion was carried out in a spark-ignition, single-cylinder engine with a cubic capacity of 650 cm3. The engine was able to vary its compression ratio. The engine worked at full load at maximum open throttle. The engine body was heated to a temperature of 95°C and this temperature was maintained throughout the testing period. The engine was running at 850 rpm. The first stage of the experiment included determination of the optimal ignition angle for butanol as a reference fuel and for a mixture of butanol and torgas condensate. The optimal spark angle was estimated based on the maximum indicated work. Three compression ratios, i.e.: CR=8.8, 10 and 11.2 were used. All tests were performed for a stoichiometric air fuel ratio. The obtained in-cylinder pressure diagrams for the reference fuel and the fuel with the addition of condensate were compared with each other. The rate of pressure increase inside the cylinder was calculated. For all tests, the following exhaust components were measured: CO2, CO and HC.
Słowa kluczowe
EN SI engine   butanol   bio-oil   torgas condensate   exhaust emission   torrefaction  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2018
Tom Vol. 25, No. 3
Strony 33--38
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 15 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Chwist, M.
  • Czestochowa University of Technology, Department Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science Armii Krajowej Avenue 21, 42-201 Czestochowa, Poland, mariusz.chwist@op.pl
autor Szwaja, S.
  • Czestochowa University of Technology, Department Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science Armii Krajowej Avenue 21, 42-201 Czestochowa, Poland, szwaja@imc.pcz.pl
autor Grab-Rogaliński, K.
  • Czestochowa University of Technology, Department Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science Armii Krajowej Avenue 21, 42-201 Czestochowa, Poland, grab@imc.pcz.pl
autor Poskart, A.
  • Czestochowa University of Technology, Department Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science Armii Krajowej Avenue 21, 42-201 Czestochowa, Poland, aniaposkart@wp.pl
Bibliografia
[1] Ambrosewicz-Walacik, M., Walacik, M., Waste tires as a source of valuable chemicals, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 23, pp. 25-29, 2016.
[2] Basu, D., Phulli, S., Kotebavi, V., Performance analysis of a VCR SI engine using petrol alcohol blends, Power and Energy Systems: Towards Sustainable Energy, Conference paper, 2014.
[3] Chwist, M., Szwaja, S., Grab-Rrogalinski, K., Pyrc, M., Bio-oil blended butanol as a fuel to the spark ignition internal combustion reciprocating engine, Combustion Engines, 169(2), pp. 93-96, 2017. DOI: 10.19206/CE-2017-216, 2017.
[4] Elfasakhany, A., Performance and emissions of spark-ignition engine using ethanol-methanol-gasoline, n-butanol-iso-butanol-gasoline and iso-butanol-ethanol-gasoline blends: A comparative study, Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 2053-2059, 2016.
[5] Grab-Rogalinski, K., Szwaja, S., The combustion properties analysis of various liquid fuels based on crude oil and renewables, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 148 (1), 012066 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/148/1/012066.
[6] Grab-Rogaliński, K., Szwaja, S., The Possibility of Use a waste Product of Biofuels Production-Glycerol as a fuel to the Compression Ignition Engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 23, pp. 157-164, 2016.
[7] Jankowski, A., Kowalski, M., Creating Mechanisms of Toxic Substances Emission of Combustion Engines, Journal of KONBiN, 4(36), DOI 10.1515/jok-2015-0054, pp. 33-42, Warsaw 2015.
[8] Jankowski, A., Kowalski, M., Influence of the Quality of Fuel Atomization on the Emission of Exhaust Gases Toxic Components of Combustion Engines, Journal of KONBiN 4(36), DOI 10.1515/jok-2015-0055, pp. 43-50, Warsaw 2015.
[9] Krutof, A., Hawboldt, K., Blends of pyrolysis oil, petroleum, and other bio-based fuels: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 59, pp. 406-419, 2016.
[10] Kumar, K. V., Puli, R. K., Effects of Waste Plastic Oil Blends on a Multi Cylinder Spark Ignition Engine, MATEC Web of Conferences, ICMAA, Volume 108, pp. 1-4, 2017.
[11] Rostek, E., Biofuels of first and second generation, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 23, pp. 413-420, 2016.
[12] Tumuluru, J. S., Sokhansanj, S., Hess, J. R., Wright, C.T., Boardman, R.D., A review on biomass torrefaction process and product properties for energy applications, Industrial Biotechnology, Vol. 7 No. 5, pp. 384-401, 2011.
[13] Vihar, R., Baškovic, U. Z., Seljak, T., Katrašnik, T., Combustion and emission formation phenomena of tire pyrolysis oil in a common rail Diesel engine, Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 149, pp. 706-721, 2017.
[14] Żółtowski, A., Tyre pyrolysis oil as an engine fuel, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 21, pp. 295-302, 2014.
[15] Zurek, J., Kowalski, M., Jankowski, A., Modelling of Combustion Process of Liquid Fuels under Turbulent Conditions, Journal of KONES, Vol. 22, Issue 4, DOI: 10.5604/12314005.1168562, pp. 355-364, Warsaw 2015.
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2018).
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-a153fce4-f973-48a1-b90a-525c9dbdc966
Identyfikatory
DOI 10. 5604/01.3001.0012.5046