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The development status of electric (BEV) and hydrogen (FCEV) passenger cars park in the world and new research possibilities of these cars in real traffic conditions

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EN
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EN
Major markets across the European Union (EU) are concentrated on rapid development of electromobility. This policy is demonstrated - among others - by recent sales of electric cars: within the past 3 quarters of 2018 - 24.7 thousand electric cars have been registered in Germany, 20.3 thousand in France, 15.3 thousand in the Netherlands and 31.4 thousand in Norway. Unfortunately, only 867 EVs have been registered in Hungary, 469 in the Czech Republic, 468 in Romania, 411 in Poland and 348 in Slovenia. Unit energy consumption of electric cars was often defined in NEDC cycle. In real conditions of road traffic, it may differ from values recorded in a drive cycle. The article presents results of a study on energy consumption of electric cars in Poland along RDE (Real Driving Emissions) testing route in terms of vehicle energy consumption per drive unit (km, 100 km). The use of fuel cells in cars may bring a change in the type of used vehicles in the long run. Both globally and in the EU wide-ranging actions are undertaken to implement fuel cell technology. Also, the infrastructure of hydrogen filling stations is developed. At present the most rapidly developing country in this area is Japan. The article addresses the issue of energy consumption per drive unit by cars equipped with fuel cells as both type of vehicles, i.e. EV and FCV use electric motors. The article also discusses infrastructure development in the EU and Poland, charging and fuelling of the said vehicles, respectively.
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
144--149
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 19 poz., fot. kolor., mapy, 1 wykr.
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autor
Bibliografia
  • [1] COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2016/427 of 10 March 2016 amending Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 as regards emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 6)
  • [2] COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/1151 of 1 June 2017 supplementing Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 1230/2012 and repealing Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008
  • [3] COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2018/1832 of 5 November 2018 amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 for the purpose of improving the emission type approval tests and procedures for light passenger and commercial vehicles, including those for in-service conformity and real-driving emissions and introducing devices for monitoring the consumption of fuel and electric energy
  • [4] MERKISZ, J., PIELECHA, J., LIJEWSKI, P. et al. Conference: 21st International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment. 2013, 174, 27-38.
  • [5] MERKISZ, J., PIELECHA, J. Comparison of real driving emissions tests. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 2018, 421, 042055. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/421/4/ 042055
  • [6] PIELECHA, J., MAGDZIAK, A., BRZEZIŃSKI, L. Nitrogen oxides emission evaluation for Euro 6 category vehicles equipped with combustion engines of different displacement volume. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 2019, 214, 012010. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/214/012010
  • [7] PIELECHA, I., CIEŚLIK, W., SZAŁEK, A. Energy recovery potential through regenerative braking for a hybrid electric vehicle in a urban conditions. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 2019, 214, 012013.
  • [8] GIS, W., MENES, M. The development of the world electric vehicles fleet in years 2010-2017. KONMOT. 2018.
  • [9] GIS, W. Electromobility and hydrogenization of the motor transport in Poland now and in the future. Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport. 2018, 25(4).
  • [10] GIS, M., BEDNARSKI, M., ORLINSKI, P. Energy analysis of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles on the TEN-T road network. 11th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering. EKODOK. Polanica Zdrój, 8-10.04.2019.
  • [11] EEA, 2018a Electric Vehicles as the Proportion of the Total Fleet. (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/proportion-of-vehicle-fleet meeting-4/assessment-2)
  • [12] EAFO, 2018, Electric Vehicles Market Share. (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/electric-vehicles-ineurope), Accessed 24 May 2018.
  • [13] HAMPSHIRE, K., GERMAN, R., PRIDMORE, A., FONS, J. Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives. Version 2, 25 June 2018.
  • [14] ACEA Registration Figures. http://www.acea.be/statistics/tag/category/registrations-and-press-release-calendar. Accessed 23 June 2018.
  • [15] PIELECHA, J. (ed.). Badania emisji zanieczyszczeń silników spalinowych. Wydawnictwo Politechniki Poznańskiej. Poznań 2017.
  • [16] http://samochodyelektryczne.org (accessed 11/2018).
  • [17] GIS, W., MENES, E., WAŚKIEWICZ, J. et al. Circumstances of the national plan or hydrogenization of road transport in Poland. Report prepared as part of the HIT-2-Corridors project.
  • [18] MERKISZ, J., GIS, M. The growth in the use of methane fuel for fuelling urban buses. 10th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering (EKO-DOK). Polanica Zdroj, 16-18.04.2018.
  • [19] GIS, W., PIELECHA, J., WASKIEWICZ, J. et al. Use of certain alternative fuels in road transport in Poland. Scientific Conference on Automotive Vehicles and Combustion Engines (KONMOT). Krakow, 22-23.09.2016.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-9fcf2b0e-bf92-4b69-8ded-a9ddd0c54d39
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