Narzędzia help

Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
first previous next last
cannonical link button


Journal of Ecological Engineering

Tytuł artykułu

Diversification of Lighting Intensity in a Dusty Livestock Room During the Cleaning Process of Reflector Screens

Autorzy Żelazny, Henryk 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN The livestock rooms with the systems for feeding dry feeds using feeder pipelines are characterized by a relatively high concentration of dust. The studies on the shaping of artificial lighting intensity were carried out in an experimental, non-bedding pig fattening house. In order to improve the lighting, the animal room was modernized by lining the ceiling and walls with aluminum foil. It constitued a reflector screen when light was on, which, however, over time became covered with dust coming from the mechanically fed dry feeders. For the assessment of brightness in the production hall, five equally spaced measuring stations were placed in the pens and five similarly spaced stations were set in the corridor. The intensity of lighting (brightness) was measured with the L-20A lux-meter. The measurements were carried out after a six-month use of the liner, when it was significantly contaminated with the dry fodder particles. As part of operational tests, the differentiation of brightness between the individual stands and gradual changes in lighting at various stages of aluminum foil cleaning were checked: washing the external wall with detergents, washing all the walls in the room and the entire interior, including the ceiling was carried out. Before wet cleaning the reflector screens, a significant differentiation of the brightness between the stands in the pens was observed – it ranged from 134.1 Lx to 176.0 Lx, which indicates uneven pollution of the internal surfaces of building partitions. Similarly, significant discrepancies in the lighting intensity were found on the corridor floor. The values ranged between 50.3 Lx and 65.8 Lx. When washing the next partitions, the average illumination values in the pen area dropped unexpectedly, and the final drop after removing the dust from all the walls and ceiling was 2.8%. A similar tendency was observed in the communication-drive corridor. In this area, the brightness decreased by as much as 4.1%. The reason for the decrease in visual comfort was the mattifying of screens caused by grinding of particles during washing. Therefore, it would be necessary to undertake the research on the removal of dust from the reflector screens using another method, for example mechanical dusting.
Słowa kluczowe
EN dust   building for livestock   lighting   illuminance   aluminium foil   internal surfaces  
Wydawca Polskie Towarzystwo Inżynierii Ekologicznej
Czasopismo Journal of Ecological Engineering
Rocznik 2019
Tom Vol. 20, nr 9
Strony 131--137
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 31 poz., rys.
autor Żelazny, Henryk
  • Faculty of Materials, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Bielsko-Biala, Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland,
1. Barber E.M., Dawson J.R., Battams V.A., Nicol R.A.C. 1991. Spatial Variability of Airborne and Settled Dust in a Piggery. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 50, 107–127.
2. Bąk J., 2000. Apartment lighting. Publisher of Science and Technology, Warsaw. (Oświetlanie mieszkań. Wydawnictwo Naukowo-Techniczne, Warszawa).
3. Berger I., Schierl R., Ochmann U., Egger U., Scharrer E., Nowak D. 2005. Concentrations of Dust, Allergens and Endotoxin in Stables, Living Rooms and Mattresses from Cattle Farmers in Southern Bavaria. Ann Agric Environ Med. 12(1), 101–107.
4. Cambra-López M., Torres A.G., Aarnink A.J.A., Ogink N.W.M. 2011. Source Analysis of Fine and Coarse Particulate Matter from Livestock Houses. Atmospheric Environment, 45 (3), 694–707.
5. Carpenter G.A. Fryer J.T. 1990. Air Filtration in a Piggery: Filter Design and Dust Mass Balance. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 46, 171–186.
6. Chen Y.C., Barber E.M., Zhang Y., Besant R.W., Sokhansanj S. 1999. Methods to measure Dust Production and Deposition Rates in Buildings. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 72 (4), 329–340.
7. Cohen S., Fuchs M. 1999. Measuring and Predicting Radiometric Properties of Reflective Shade Nets and Thermal Screens. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 73 (3), 245–255.
8. Cohen S., Raveh E., Li Y., Grava A., Goldschmidt E.E. 2005. Physiological responses of leaves, tree growth and fruit yield of grapefruit trees under reflective shade screens. Scientia Horticulturae, 107 (1), 25–35.
9. Costa A., Borgonovo F., Leroy T., Berckmans D., Guarino M. 2009. Dust Concentration Variation in Relation to Animal Activity in a Pig Barn. Biosystems Engineering, 104 (1), 118–124.
10. Dunn C.G., Bolon R.B., A. S. Alwan A.S., Stirling A.W. 1971. A Scanning Electron Microscope Study of Etched Aluminum Foil for Electrolytic Capacitors. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 118 (2), 381–390.
11. Ellen H.H., Bottcher R.W., von Wachenfelt E., Takai H. 2000. Dust Levels and Control Methods in Poultry Houses. Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, 6(4), 275–282.
12. Görgülü S., Ekren N. 2013. Energy Saving in Lighting System with Fuzzy Logic Controller which Uses Light-Pipe and Dimmable Ballast. Energy and Buildings, 61, 172–176.
13. Homidan A.A.L., Robertson J.F., A.M. 2003. Review of the Effect of Ammonia and Dust Concentrations on Broiler Performance. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 59 (3), 340–349.
14. Li X.W. 2008. Effects of Dust and Contaminants in Animal Buildings on Human Health and Control Strategies. Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A: Environmental Science and Engineering and Toxicology, 32 (9–10), 2449–2469.
15. Loebenstein G., Alper M, Levy S., Palevitch D., Menagem E. 1975. Protecting Peppers from AphidBorne Viruses with Aluminum Foil or Plastic Mulch. Phytoparasitica, 3 (1), 43–53.
16. Maghirang R.G., Puma M.C., Liu Y., Clark P. 1997. Dust Concentration and Particle Size Distribution in an Enclosed Swine Nursery. Transactions of the ASAE, 40(3), 749–754.
17. Maghirang, R.G., Riskowski, G.L., Christianson, L.L., Manbeck, H.B. 1995. Dust Control Strategies for Livestock Buildings – a review. ASHRAE Transactions, 101 (2), 1161–1168.
18. Nicolai R.E., Hofer B. 2008. Swine Finishing Barn Dust Reduction Resulting from an Elektrostatic Space Discharge System. Livestock Environment VIII, 31 August – 4 September 2008, Iguassu Falls, Brazil 701P0408, pp.unpaginated ref. 21.
19. Pedersen S., Nonnenmann M., Rautiainen R., Demmers T.G.M., Banhazi T., Lyngbye M. 2000. Dust in Pig Buildings. Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, 6(4), 261–274.
20. Rosentrater K. 2013. Performance of an Electrostatic Dust Collection System in Swine Facilities. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Journal of Scientific Research and Development, 1–10.
21. Setiawan D.P., Ragsdale D.W. 1987. Use of Aluminum-Foil and Oat-Straw Mulches for Controlling Aster Leafhopper, Macrosteles Fascifrons (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), and Aster Yellows in Carrots. The Great Lakes Entomologist, 20 (2), 103–109.
22. Takai H., Pedersen S. 2000. A Comparison Study of Different Dust Control Methods in Pig Buildings. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 16 (3), 269–277.
23. Takai H., Pedersen S., Johnsen J.O., Metz J.H.M., Groot Koerkamp P.W.G., Uenk G.H., Phillips V.R., Holden M.R., Sneath R.W., Short J.L., White R.P., Hartung J., Seedorf J., Schröder M., Linkert K.H., Wathes C.M. 1998. Concentrations and Emissions of Airborne Dust in Livestock Buildings in Northern Europe. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 70 (1), 59–77.
24. Tregenza P.R. 1995. Mean Daylight Illuminance in Rooms Facing Sunlit Streets. Building and Environment, 30 (1), 83–89.
25. Tyutikov V.V, Smirnov N.N., Lapateev D.A. 2016. Analysis of Energy Efficiency from the Use of Heat-Reflective Window Screens in Different Regions of Russia and France. Procedia Engineering, 150, 1657–1662.
26. Wang X., Zhang Y., Riskowski G.L., Ellis M. 2002. Measurement and Analysis of Dust Spatial Distribution in a Mechanically Ventilated Pig Building. Biosystems engineering, 81 (2), 225–236.
27. Wang X., Zhang Y., Zhao L.Y., Riskowski G.L. 2000. Effect of Ventilation Bate in Dust Spatial Distribution in a Mechanically Ventilated Airspace. Transactions of the ASAE, 43(6), 1877–1884.
28. Yuan J., Emura K., Farnham C. 2014. A Method to Measure Retro-reflectance and Durability of Retro-Reflective Materials for Building Outer Walls. Journal of Building Physics, 38 (6), 500–516.
29. Zhang Y., Nijssen L., Barber E. M., Feddes J.J.R., Sheridan M. 1994. Sprinkling Mineral Oil to Reduce Dust Concentration in Swine Buildings. ASHRAE Transactions, 100 (2), 1043–1050.
30. Zhang Y., Tanaka A., Barber E.M., Feddes J.J.R.1996. Effects of Frequency and Quantity of Sprinkling Canola Oil on Dust Reduction in Swine Buildings. Transactions of the ASAE, 39 (3), 1077–1081.
31. Zhao Y., Aarnink A.J.A., De Jong M.C.M., Groot Koerkamp P.W.G. 2014. Airborne Microorganisms from Livestock Production Systems and Their Relation to Dust. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (10), 1071–1128.
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-9a53ce49-b484-44f3-a1db-ed39e1be7846
DOI 10.12911/22998993/112498