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Tytuł artykułu

Applications of lasers in metallization of thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers

Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose: This work focuses on the studies of chemical and physical changes induced by ArF-laser irradiation leading to formation of surfaces catalytically highly active and fully prepared for the direct electroless metallization for the case of thermoplastic and thermosetting polymer composites. The only pretreatment method for surface to be activated was laser irradiation. There are compared two polymer composites: thermoplastic and thermosetting with the same qualitative and quantitative contents of the selected copper compounds. Additionally, there is presented wide context of laser applications in electroless metallization of polymeric materials. Design/methodology/approach: The composites contained the same amount of copper(II) oxide (CuO) and copper(II) acetoacetate Cu(acac)2, while varied with the type of polymer matrix. There were chosen polyamide 6 as thermoplastic and polyurethane resin as thermosetting polymer matrixes. The composites were irradiated with various numbers of ArF excimer laser pulses (λ = 193 nm) at constant fluence of 100 mJ/cm2. The metallization procedure of the laser-irradiated samples was performed by use of a commercial metallization bath and formaldehyde as a reducing agent. The samples were examined using FTIR, contact angle measurement and SEM techniques. Findings: It was found that laser irradiation induce catalytic properties in the studied composites. However, better catalytic properties were achieved for the thermoplastic than thermosetting polymer composites. Research limitations/implications: In order to better understand the differences in laser interactions between thermoplastic and thermosetting composites more examples of various polymer matrixes should be investigated. Practical implications: Suitable condition for laser irradiation of the composites associated with the best catalytic properties were proposes. Better catalytic properties were achieved for thermoplastic than thermosetting composite. Originality/value: Comparison of new thermoplastic and thermosetting polymer composites intended for laser direct electroless metallization is firstly reported in this article.
Rocznik
Strony
59--67
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 26 poz., rys., tab.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes, ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 55, 87-100 Toruń, Poland, prytlewski@ukw.edu.pl
  • Department of Materials Engineering, Kazimierz Wielki University, ul. Chodkiewicza 30, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] M. Zaied, E. Bayraktar, D. Katundi, M. Boujelbene, I. Miraoui, Effect of laser cutting parameters on surface quality of low carbon steel (S235), Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 54 (2012) 128-134.
  • [2] A. Klimpel, D. Janicki, A. Lisiecki, A. Rzeźnikiewicz, Laser repair hardfacing of titanium alloy turbine, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 49 (2011) 400-411.
  • [3] M.J. Małachowski, A. Dubik, Impact of the chirping effect on charged particle acceleration in laser radiation, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 48 (2011) 87-96.
  • [4] A. Klimpel, A. Rzeźnikiewicz, Technology of laser repair welding of nickel superalloy inner flaps of jet engine, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 47/1 (2011) 66-74.
  • [5] P. Rytlewski, M. Żenkiewicz, Laser modification of polymeric materials. Part 1. Physical base of operation and criteria of choice of lasers, Polymers 52 (2007) 243-250 (in Polish).
  • [6] Th.H. Maiman, Nature, Stimulated Optical Radiation in Ruby Masers 187 (1960) 493-494.
  • [7] A. Einstein, Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung Physika Zeitschrift 18 (1917) 121-128.
  • [8] E. Sancaktar, H. Lu, The Effects of Excimer Laser Irradiation at 248 nm on the surface mass loss and thermal properties of PS, ABS, PA6, and PC polymers, Journal of Applied Polymer Science 99 (2006) 1024-1037.
  • [9] Y. Feng, Z.Q. Liu, X.-S. Yi, Co-occurrence of photochemical and thermal effects during laser polymer ablation via a 248-nm excimer laser, Applied Surface Science 156 (2000) 177-182.
  • [10] P. Rytlewski, M. Żenkiewicz: Laser modification of polymeric materials, Part 2, Chemical reactions induced by laser light, Polymers 52 (2007) 403-410.
  • [11] P. Rytlewski, M. Żenkiewicz, Laser modification of polymeric materials. Part III. Laser ablation and changes of geometric structure of the surface, Polymers 52 (2007) 634-639.
  • [12] V. Srinivasan, M.A. Smrtic, Excimer laser etching of polymers, Journal of Applied Physics, 59 (1986) 3861-3867.
  • [13] H. Sato, Z. Nishio, Polymer laser photochemistry, ablation, reconstruction, and polymerization, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C 2 (2001) 139-152.
  • [14] D. Bäuerle, Laser processing and chemistry, Springer, Berlin 2000.
  • [15] N. Bityurin, Studies on laser ablation of polymers, Annual Reports Section "C" Physical Chemistry 101 (2005) 216-247.
  • [16] P. Rytlewski, W. Mróz, M. Żenkiewicz, J. Czwartos, B. Budner, Laser induced surface modification of polylactide, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 212 (2012) 1700-1704.
  • [17] P. Rytlewski, M. Żenkiewicz, Effects of laser irradiation on surface properties of poly(ethylene terephtalate), Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 24 (2010) 685-697.
  • [18] D.M. Mattox, Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Processing. Film Formation, Adhesion, Surface Preparation and Contamination Control, Noyes Publication, Westwood, 1998.
  • [19] A.D. Dobrzańska-Danikiewicz, The development perspectives of Physical Vapour Deposition technologies, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 54 (2012) 103-109.
  • [20] T. Tański, Surface layers on the Mg-Al-Zn alloys coated using the CVD and PVD methods, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 53/2 (2012) 89-96.
  • [21] L.A. Dobrzański, M. Staszuk, PVD and CVD gradient coatings on sintered carbides and sialon tool ceramics, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 43/2 (2010) 552-576.
  • [22] A. Brenner, G.E. Riddell, U.S.Patent 2532284 (5 Dec. 1950).
  • [23] M. Paunovic, M. Schleinger, Fundaments of electrochemical deposition , Wiley Interscience, Hoboken 2006.
  • [24] A. Chrobak, M. Kubisztal, J. Kubisztal, E. Chrobak, G. Haneczok, Microstructure, magnetic and elastic properties of electrodeposited Cu+Ni nanocomposites coatings, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 49 (2011) 17-26.
  • [25] P. Rytlewski, Laser induced electroactivity of polyamide composites, Electrochemica Acta 61 (2012) 191-197.
  • [26] P. Rytlewski, M. Żenkiewicz, A. Tracz, K. Moraczewski, W. Mróz, Surface morphology studies of laser irradiated and chemically metalized polyamide composites, Surface and Coatings Technology 205 (2011) 5248-5253.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-8910c6a3-0df8-4985-95f1-796af0190147
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