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An Integrated Vessel Tracking System by Using AIS, Inmarsat and China Beidou Navigation Satellite System

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As there are more and more Automatic Identification System (AIS) sets have been deployed onboard, it is getting easier for people to trace vessels. Today, many online vessel monitoring services have been developed; however, most of them are based on AIS information. Because the coverage limitation of VHF frequency, which the AIS set works on, is normally no more than 25 nautical miles, so these systems can not track vessels when they are beyond the coverage of the shore-based AIS station. In order to track ves-sels in all sea areas, we developed a comprehensive vessel tracking system, namely ManyShips, which inte-grates AIS, Inmarsat and China Beidou navigation satellite system. The running result of the system shows that the Beidou satellite system can track vessels within Asian-Pacific region while the Inmarsat-C station polling service can help people tracking vessels within sea area A3.
  • Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University
  • Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University
  • Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University
  • Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University
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  • [6] International Association of Maritime Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA), (2002). “IALA guide-lines on the universal automatic identification system (AIS), vol. I, Part II, Technical Aspects of AIS,” Edi-tion 1.1.
  • [7] International Telecommunication Union, ITU-R Recom-mendation M. 1371-1, (2001). “Technical characteristics for an universal shipborne automatic identification system using time division multiple access in the VHF marine mo-bile band.”
  • [8] International Electrotechnical Commisioin. IEC 6993-2, (2001). Maritime navigation and radio communication re-quirments – automatic identification systems (AIS) – part 2: class a shipborne equipment of the universal automatic identification system (AIS) – operational and performance requirements, methods of test and required test results. Edi-tion 1.
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