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Journal of Ecological Engineering

Tytuł artykułu

Wastewater Treatment Methods for Effluents from the Confectionery Industry – an Overview

Autorzy Zajda, Magdalena  Aleksander-Kwaterczak, Urszula 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Wastewater from the confectionery industry is characterized by daily and seasonal variability of composition and quantity which adversely affects the process of their disposal. Confectionery plants discharge about 300-500 m3per month of technological wastewater. Sewage from the confectionery industry belongs to biologically degradable. It is characterized by high values of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD). The article reviews various methods used to treat wastewater from the confectionery industry. Attention was paid to the applicability of a particular method, its advantages and disadvantages and the costs of implementation. The technology of industrial wastewater treatment uses both mechanical and physicochemical methods as well as biological ones. Techniques of sewage treatment usually consist of several stages which use different processes. Low-cost materials such as natural minerals, agricultural waste, industrial waste, biosorbents, and others contribute to the improvement of aerobic sewage conditions. The main weakness of typical sewage treatment plants is their large area, high investment, and exploitation costs. Therefore, a good solution may be the use of the membrane biological reactor which combines the classical technique of activated sludge and filtration on micro-filtering membranes.
Słowa kluczowe
EN confectionery industry   wastewater treatment   biological oxygen demand   chemical oxygen demand   low-cost material  
Wydawca Polskie Towarzystwo Inżynierii Ekologicznej
Czasopismo Journal of Ecological Engineering
Rocznik 2019
Tom Vol. 20, nr 9
Strony 293--304
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 73 poz., rys., tab.
autor Zajda, Magdalena
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection; al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
autor Aleksander-Kwaterczak, Urszula
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection; al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland,
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Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-68a22729-655e-46c8-9fbc-403e15fcbc9e
DOI 10.12911/22998993/112557