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Human-Friendly Design of Virtual System “female body-dress”

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Recently, the development efforts focused on the computer simulation of garments, which depend on the material's physico-mechanical properties. It intends to achieve the best possible and realistic simulations of garments, which are available for pressure prediction. In this manner, 3D garment virtual technology improvements allow the visualization of pressure areas with values where the fabric might be too tight against the body. Although the purposes of simulation graphics were acceptable, the accuracy for apparel shaping is not enough to meet the needs of Virtual Prototyping and CAD utilization especially while the fabric properties system design was inadequate. Moreover, the existing pressure simulation is intended to simply predict the pressure index or how the textile deformation extend, which are deficient in real human's perception. In this research, the 3D shapes belonging to typical female bodies and dresses made of different fabrics were obtained by 3D body scanners (ScanWorX and TELMAT). Through reconstruction for the 3D torso shapes, the volumetric eases between body and dress were calculated by means of a software Rhinoceros. A new approach for the selection of textile properties based on the Kawabata Evaluation System (KES) was proposed to investigate its relations with dress shaping and pressure comfort. Finally, fabric properties tested by the KES-F system were compared with volumetric eases, objective pressure indexes and subjective comfort scores to reveal the relations how the fabric properties have impacts on dress outside shaping and inside pressure comfort of a female body. In this manner, the human-friendly CAD instead of mechanical approach existing before has been presented as a new approach to promote the construction of a realistic system for the 3D simulation optimization.
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Bibliogr. 17 poz.
  • Ivanovo State Polytechnic University, Textile Institute, Clothing Design Department, Ivanovo, 21, Sheremetev Av., Ivanovo, Russian Federation, tel.: +74932937881, fax: + 74932412108
  • Ivanovo State Polytechnic University, Textile Institute, Clothing Design Department, Ivanovo, 21, Sheremetev Av., Ivanovo, Russian Federation, tel.: +74932937881, fax: + 74932412108
  • University of Haute-Alsace, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Ingénieurs Sud-Alsace, 11, rue Alfred Werner, 68093 Mulhouse, France, tel. 33 389336320, fax: +33 389336339
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