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Study on extraction of pollutant free flammable fuel from contaminated automobile waste lube oil

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose: of this paper is to investigate the reusability of contaminated waste lubricant oil as flammable fuel by thermal and catalytic cracking process followed by distillation. It also includes the study of using Zeolite and Nickel nano particles as catalyst and its influence catalytic cracking. Design/methodology/approach: A conventional sterilization technique called Autoclaving method, uses high-pressure steam to separate water and other solid waste from the lube oil. It is followed by thermal cracking which breaks the molecular chains and decompose the waste lube oil. The autoclaving process works by the concept that the boiling point of water (or steam) increases when it is under pressure. Findings: Now a days, Industrial and Automobile waste lubricating oils are giving big threat ecology while burning and disposing on bare land. Furthermore, they discharged into the open environment which might make destructive sicknesses to ecology. In water, oil is a visible pollutant, floating as a scum on the surface. Moreover, there is a gradual rise in fuel requirement across the globe, and the consumption of oil assets have driven the researchers to find elective power for internal combustion engines. By the way, diminishing of fossil sources, growing of demand and cost of petroleum based fuels and its environmental hazards as a result of burning or disposing on land have encouraged to investigate possibility of recycling of waste engine oil. Research limitations/implications: A series of process such as filtration, cracking followed by distillation needs expensive experimental setup and regular maintenance as the extracted flammable oil fuel possess significant range of dynamic viscosity values. As all real fluids has its own viscosity, in near future, an investigation is about to do on its behaviour on blending with other flammable fluids. Practical implications: Although the result of this investigation conforming its flammable characteristic of the extracted fuel, the quantity of pollutant free flammable fuel from waste contaminated lube oil being extracted is significant, the cost of catalyst is considerably more, as it plays the most vital part in cracking. This effort likely also reduces foreign exchange, reduces greenhouse emissions and enhances regional development especially in developing countries. Originality/value: The novelty of the work is to prepare pollutant free flammable fuel from waste Lube oil by catalytic cracking process. Here Zoelite and Nickel nanoparticles are used as catalyst which breaks the long-chain molecules of the high boiling hydrocarbon liquids into much shorter molecules.
Rocznik
Strony
78--84
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 18 poz., rys., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, India, jthanik@gmail.com
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, India
Bibliografia
  • [1] J. Bacha, J. Freel, A. Gibbs, L. Gibbs, G. Hemighaus, K. Hoekman, J. Horn, A. Gibbs, M. Ingham, L. Jossens, D. Kohler, D. Lesnini, J. McGeehan, M. Nikanjam, E. Olsen, R. Organ, B. Scott, M. Sztenderowicz, A. Tiedemann, C. Walker, J. Lind, J. Jones, D. Scott, J. Mills, Diesel Fuels Technical Review, Global Marketing, Chevron Corporation, San Ramon, California, 2007.
  • [2] A. Demirbas, M.A. Baluabaid, M. Kabli, W. Ahmad, Diesel Fuel From Waste Lubricating Oil by Pyrolitic Distillation, Petroleum Science and Technology 33/2 (2015) 129-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10916466.2014.955921
  • [3] D.I. Osman, S.K. Attia, A.R. Taman, Recycling of used engine oil by different solvent, Egyptian Journal of Petroleum 27/2 (2018) 221-225. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpe.2017.05.010
  • [4] I. Hamawand, T. Yusaf, S. Rafat, Recycling of waste engine oils using a new washing agent, Energies 6/2 (2013) 1023-1049. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en6021023
  • [5] P.B.L. Fregolente, L.V. Fregolente, M.R. Wolf Maciel, Water content in biodiesel, diesel, and biodiesel-diesel blends, Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data 57/6 (2012) 1817-1821. DOI: https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1021/je300279c
  • [6] T. Bhaskar, M.A. Uddin, A. Muto, Y. Sakata, Y. Omura, K. Kimura, Y. Kawakami, Recycling of waste lubricant oil into chemical feedstock or fuel oil over supported iron oxide catalysts, Fuel 83/1 (2004) 9-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(03)00216-3
  • [7] S.S. Kim, S.H. Kim, Pyrolysis kinetics of waste automobile lubricating oil, Fuel 79/15 (2000) 1943-1949. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(00)00028-4
  • [8] C.T. Pinheiro, V.R. Ascensão, C.M. Cardoso, M.J. Quina, L.M. Gando-Ferreira, An overview of waste lubricant oil management system: Physicochemical characterization contribution for its improvement, Journal of Cleaner Production 150 (2017) 301-308. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.03.024
  • [9] M.J. Fuentes, R. Font, M.F. Gómez-Rico, I. Martín-Gullón, Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: decomposition and pollutants, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 79/1-2 (2007) 215-226. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004
  • [10] P.K. Selvi, M. Sharma, J.S. Kamyotra, Spent oil management and its recycling potential in India inventory and issues, Procedia Environmental Sciences 18 (2013) 742-755. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2013.04.101
  • [11] M. Jumaa, B.W. Müller, Physicochemical properties of chitosan-lipid emulsions and their stability during the autoclaving process, International Journal of Pharmaceutics 183/2 (1999) 175-184. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-5173(99)00086-1
  • [12] F. Audibert, Waste engine oils: rerefining and energy recovery, Elsevier, 2011.
  • [13] H.A. Durrani, M.I. Panhwar, R.A. Kazi, Re-Refining of waste lubricating oil by solvent extraction, Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology 30/2 (2011) 237-246.
  • [14] A. Permsubscul, T. Vitidsant, S. Damronglerd, Catalytic cracking reaction of used lubricating oil to liquid fuels catalyzed by sulfated zirconia, Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 24/1 (2007) 37-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-007-5006-3
  • [15] S.S. Lam, R.K. Liew, C.K. Cheng, H.A. Chase, Catalytic microwave pyrolysis of waste engine oil using metallic pyrolysis char, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 176-177 (2015) 601-617. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2015.04.014
  • [16] I. Bergeron, J.-P. Charland, M. Ternan, Color degradation of hydrocracked diesel fuel, Energy Fuels 13/3 (1999) 686-693. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ef980214q
  • [17] K. Naima, A. Liazid, Waste oils as alternative fuel for diesel engine: A review, Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels 4/3 (2013) 30-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/JPTAF12.026
  • [18] A. Demirbas, M.A. Baluabaid, M. Kabli, W. Ahmad, Diesel fuel from waste lubricating oil by pyrolytic distillation, Petroleum Science and Technology 33/2 (2015) 129-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10916466.2014.955921
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie rekordu ze środków MNiSW, umowa Nr 461252 w ramach programu "Społeczna odpowiedzialność nauki" - moduł: Popularyzacja nauki i promocja sportu (2020).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-46b68535-e617-4ee3-be6c-4d7470cf284d
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