PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Ornamentation of Lithuanian Ethnographic Home Textiles

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
PL
Ornamentacja litewskich etnograficznych tkanin ludowych
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In the literature analyzed there are no interdisciplinary researches that could combine both ethnographic and technological investigations of Lithuanian folk home textiles. Therefore, the goal of this article is to make a complex investigation of Lithuanian ethnographic home textiles analyzing its patterns, weaves, colour repeats and weave symmetry groups. 849 multipurpose ethnographic home textile fabrics (bedspreads, pillow-slips, slip-covers, towels, tablecloths, pieces of different purposes, curtains, bed sheets) from 5 Lithuanian museums were analyzed. In Lithuanian ethnographic home textiles six different types of patterns were distinguished, of which fancy, motley, checked and plane fabrics were the most popular. In the home textiles analyzed there were found 22 different types of weaves. Checked twill, plane and overshot four-harness weaves were the most popular. While analyzing symmetry groups of colour repeats and weaves according to classical principles of ornamentation, six symmetry groups were distinguished. Although patterns and weaves have the same symmetry groups, their distribution is different in both cases.
PL
W analizowanej literaturze nie stwierdzono interdyscyplinarnych badań, które łączyłyby aspekty etnograficzne i technologiczne dotyczące litewskich tekstyliów ludowych. Celem badań była kompleksowa analiza tych zagadnień. Badano wzory, kolory, sploty. Przebadano 849 próbek tkanin (bielizna pościelowa, ręczniki, obrusy, zasłony itp.) pochodzących z 5 litewskich muzeów. Stwierdzono istnienie 6 różnych typów wzorów najbardziej popularnych. Z domowych wyrobów tekstylnych wyróżniono 22 typy splotów. Najbardziej popularne sploty to sploty skośne, lniany, z górnym wątkiem oraz cztero–nicielnicowe.
Rocznik
Strony
100--109
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 23 poz., rys.
Twórcy
  • Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania, egle.kumpikaite@ktu.lt
autor
  • Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania
Bibliografia
  • 1. Features of Lithuanian Ethnography Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla, 1964. 680 p. [In Lithuanian]
  • 2. Kudirka J. Territorial Peculiarities of Folk Art, Peculiarity of Folk Art. Kaunas, 1984, pp. 95-102. [In Lithuanian]
  • 3. Tallat-Kelpšaitė-Niunkienė G. Lithuanian Folk Woven Fabrics (2. Bedspreads)“, Lietuvos TSR mokslų akademijos darbai. A serija, No. 2 (24), 1967. [In Lithuanian]
  • 4. Tallat-Kelpšaitė-Niunkienė G. Colours of Bedspreads, Colour in Lithuanian Folk Art. Vilnius: LTSR Kultūros ministerija, Mokslinės kultūros centras, 1988, pp. 32-36. [In Lithuanian]
  • 5. Šaknienė M. Woven Fabrics Colours and Their Compositions, Peculiarity of Folk Art. Kaunas, 1984, pp. 62-65. [In Lithuanian]
  • 6. Kudirka J. Lithuanian Folk Ornaments, Children and Folk Art. Vilnius: Lietuvos TSR Kultūros ministerija, Lietuvos TSR Mokslinis metodinis kultūros centras, 1989, pp. 93-107. [In Lithuanian]
  • 7. Šidiškienė I. Zhichkai in Woven Fabrics and Cloths, Colour in Lithuanian Folk Art. Vilnius: LTSR Kultūros ministerija, Mokslinės kultūros centras, 1988, pp. 75-83. [In Lithuanian]
  • 8. Tallat-Kelpšaitė-Niunkienė G. Lithuanian Folk Woven Fabrics (1. Towels), Lietuvos TSR mokslų akademijos darbai. A serija, No. 1 (20), 1966. [In Lithuanian] Woods H J. The Geometrical Basis of Pattern Design. Part III: Geometrical Symmetry in Plane Patterns. The Journal of the Textile Institute 1935; 26: T341-T357.
  • 9. Hann M A. Symmetry in Regular Repeating Patterns: Case Studies from Various Cultural Settings. The Journal of the Textile Institute 1992; 4(83): 579-589.
  • 10. Washburn D K. The Property of Symmetry and the Concept of Ethnic Style. Archeological Approaches to Cultural Identity – London: Unwin Hyman, 1989: pp. 157-173.
  • 11. Washburn D and Humphrey D. Symmetries in the Mind: Production, Perception, and Preference for Seven One-Dimensional Patterns. Visual Arts Research 2001; 27, 2: 57-68.
  • 12. Neverauskienė D, Kazlauskienė I and Milašius V. The Symmetry Peculiarities of Ornamentation of National Lithuanian Woven Fabrics. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2001; 9, 1(32): pp. 63-67.
  • 13. Katunskis J, Milašius V and Taylor D. Software for Creation of a Database of Ornamentation of National Woven Fabrics. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2004; 12, 4(48): 43-46.
  • 14. Milašius V, Neverauskienė D, Katunskis J and Kazlauskienė I. The Mathematical Basis of Ornamentation of Patterned Woven Fabrics. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2002; 10, 4(39): 34-39.
  • 15. Zdanavičiūtė I, Milašius V and Katunskis J. The Peculiarities of the Ornamentation of Lithuanian Traditional Woven Textiles. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2006; 14, 2(56): 37-40.
  • 16. Petrulytė S and Petrulis D. Textile Heritage of North and East Lithuania: National Overshot Fabrics. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2014; 22, 6(108): 137-143.
  • 17. Neverauskienė D., Kazlauskienė I and Milašius V. The Symmetry Peculiarities of Ornamentation of National Lithuanian Woven Fabrics. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2001; 9, 1(32): 34-39.
  • 18. Vilumsone I. The Analysis of the Composition of Narrow Pattern in Latvian Woven Countrachanged Sashes. Summary of the Thesis for Scientifc Degree of the Doctor of Engineering Sciences, 1997.
  • 19. Kikule D. Bed Spread Colour Composition Principles in Latvia in the End of the 19th Century and the Beginning of the 20th Century. International Conference The Textiles: Research and Technology, 21th to 22th September, 2000: pp. 195-200.
  • 20. Kukle S and Zommere G. The Organization of Symbols and Motifs Used in Latvian Patterned Belts. 4th international Textile, Clothing & Design Conference Magic World of Textiles, Ocober 5th to 8th 2008, Dubrovnik, Croatia: pp. 975-980.
  • 21. Maciuška V F and Kavalenka V V. Belaruski narodny arnament. – Grodno, Litografa”, 1953.
  • 22. A Handweaver‘s Source Book ed. by M. Porter Davison, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1953.
  • 23. Lekka L and Dascalopoulos S. Motifs and Symmetry Characteristics of the Ornamentation on Traditional Greek Woven Textiles from the Area of the Aegean. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2008; 16, 3(68): 74-78.
Uwagi
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-30d40eca-f5e2-4316-9be3-d0242cb9a521
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.