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Bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration. Basic parameters and ecotoxicological properties

Treść / Zawartość
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration is the most important by-product, in terms of energy recovery from municipal solid waste. Safe treatment and reuse of this bottom ash in construction materials is one of the ways of its effective use. The specific use precedes the study of the properties of the bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration. In this study, samples of bottom ash were examined via sieve analysis, basic chemical parameters, ecotoxicological property analysis and determination of heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni, Zn). The sieve analyses of samples showed different contents of individual fractions. Ecotoxicological tests for acute toxicity on Daphnia magna in the raw aqueous extract showed positive results mortality of all individuals after 24 hours. The toxic effect of bottom ash was confirmed by the content of heavy metals.
Rocznik
Strony
113--126
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 30 poz., tab., rys.
Twórcy
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Science, Technical University in Zvolen, ul. Masaryka 24, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovak Republic, jarmila.fialova21@gmail.com
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Science, Technical University in Zvolen, ul. Masaryka 24, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovak Republic
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Science, Technical University in Zvolen, ul. Masaryka 24, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovak Republic
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Science, Technical University in Zvolen, ul. Masaryka 24, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovak Republic
  • Electrotechnical Research and Projecting Company, Nová Dubnica j.s.c., Trenčianska 19, 01 851 Nová Dubnica, Slovak Republic
  • Electrotechnical Research and Projecting Company, Nová Dubnica j.s.c., Trenčianska 19, 01 851 Nová Dubnica, Slovak Republic
  • Electrotechnical Research and Projecting Company, Nová Dubnica j.s.c., Trenčianska 19, 01 851 Nová Dubnica, Slovak Republic
Bibliografia
  • [1] Directive 2008/98/EC of the European parliament and of the council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain directives, Official Journal of the European Union, 2008, L 312/3.
  • [2] KEULEN A., ZOMERON VAN A., HARPE P., AARNINK W., SIMONS H.A.E., BROUWERS H.J.H., High performance of treated and washed MSWI bottom ash granulates as natural aggregate replacement within earth-moist concrete, Waste Manage., 2016, 49, 83.
  • [3] BUJAK J., SITARZ P., Prediction of NOx and CO emissions through the optimization of incineration parameters in a rotary kiln, Environ. Prot. Eng., 2016, 42 (1), 85.
  • [4] Municipal waste by waste operations [online], [cited 19 December 2017], Eurostat, 2017, Available on: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=env_wasmun&lang=en
  • [5] SORMUNEN L.A., RANTSI R., To fractionate municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash: Key for utilisation, Waste Manage. Res., 2015, 33 (11), 995.
  • [6] LI X.G., LV Y., MA B.G., CHEN Q.B., YIN X.B., JIAN S.W., Utilization of municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash in blended cement, J. Clean Prod., 2012, 32, 96.
  • [7] KRÓL D., POSKROBKO S., Combusting fuel formed from waste. Reduction in emission of chromium, nickel and lead, Environ. Prot. Eng., 2017, 43 (1), 101.
  • [8] TANG P., FLOREA M.V.A., SPIESZ P., BROUWERS H.J.H., Application of thermally activated municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash fines as binder substitute, Cem. Concr. Compos., 2016, 70, 194.
  • [9] RÖMBKE J., MOSER T., MOSER H., Ecotoxicological characterisation of 12 incineration ashes using 6 laboratory tests, Waste Manage., 2009, 29 (9), 2475.
  • [10] STIERNSTRÖM S., ENELL A., WIK O., BORG H., BREITHOLTZ M., An ecotoxicological evaluation of aged bottom ash for use in constructions, Waste Manage., 2014, 34 (1), 86.
  • [11] ISO standards 10390. Soil quality – Determination of pH. 2005, 7.
  • [12] European Standard, Norm EN 15169. Characterization of waste. Determination of loss on ignition in waste, sludge and sediments, 2007, 16.
  • [13] European Standard, Norm EN 14346. Characterization of waste. Calculation of dry matter by determination of dry residue or water content, 2006, 24.
  • [14] European Standard, Norm EN 933-1. Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates. Part 1. Determination of particle size distribution. Sieving method, 2012, 12.
  • [15] European Standard, Norm EN 16192. Characterization of waste. Analysis of eluates, 2012, 36.
  • [16] European Standard, Norm EN 14735. Characterization of waste. Preparation of waste samples for ecotoxicity tests, 2006, 42.
  • [17] Slovakia Standard, Norm STN 83 8303. Testing of dangerous properties of wastes. Ecotoxicity. Acute toxicity tests on aquatic organisms and growth inhibition tests of algae and higher cultivated plants, 1999, p. 23.
  • [18] MARTINS J., TELES OLIVA L., VASCONCELOS V., Assays with Daphnia magna and Danio rerio as alert systems in aquatic toxicology, Environ. Int., 2007, 33 (3), 414.
  • [19] HYBSKÁ H., Toxicology and ecotoxicology. Guide to Exercise, TU in Zvolen, Zvolen 2011.
  • [20] MASTELLA M.A., GISLON E.S., PELISSER F., RICKEN C., SILVA L., ANGIOLETTO E., MONTEDO O.R.K., Mechanical and toxicological evaluation of concrete artifacts containing waste foundry sand, Waste Manage., 2014, 34 (8), 1495.
  • [21] HYBSKÁ H., Basics of ecotoxicology, TU in Zvolen, Zvolen 2015.
  • [22] ČETKAUSKAITĖ A., VOSYLIENĖ M.Z., KAZLAUSKIENĖ N., KALCIENĖ V., Wastewater and landfill leachate testing: acute toxicity biotest results evaluation, J. Environ. Eng. Landsc. Manage., 2016, 24 (2), 143.
  • [23] MÄRKL V., PFLUGMACHER S., DIETMAR A.S., Effect of leached cement paste samples with different superplasticiser content on germination and initial root growth of white mustard (Sinapis alba) and cress (Lepidium sativum), Water Air Soil Poll., 2017, 228 (3), 111.
  • [24] ADAMCOVÁ D., VAVERKOVÁ M.D., BŘOUŠKOVÁ E., The toxicity of two types of sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plant for plants, J. Eco. Eng., 2016, 17 (2), 33.
  • [25] Directive 2000/76/EC of the European parliament and of the council of 4 December 2000 on the incineration of waste, Official Journal of the European Communities, 2000, L 332/91.
  • [26] PANDARD P., DEVILLERS J., CHARISSOU A.M., POULSEN V., JOURDAIN M.J., FÉRARD J.F., GRAND C., BISPO A., Selecting a battery of bioassays for ecotoxicological characterization of wastes, Sci. Total Environ., 2006, 363 (1–3), 114.
  • [27] Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 79/2015 Coll. on waste and on amendments and supplements to certain acts as amended, 2015.
  • [28] HJELMAR O., WAHLSTRӦM M., ANDERSSON M.T., LAINE-YLIJOKI J., WADSTEIN E., RIHM T., Treatment methods for waste to be landfilled, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen 2009.
  • [29] WHO, Nickel in drinking-water, WHO/SDE/WSH/05.08/55. Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality [online], [cited 28 January 2018]. WHO, 2005, available from: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/gdwqrevision/nickel2005.pdf
  • [30] KABATA-PENDIAS A., PENDIAS H., Trace elements in soils and plants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2001.
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-306dfe22-a4ad-4fc6-b6b5-3b4c0ddf798d
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