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Impact of the UV lamp power on the formation of swimming pool water treatment by-products

Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The operation of swimming pools requires a constant monitoring of water quality parameters and protection of water against pathogens. This is implemented by various disinfection methods, among which the most commonly used are based on chlorine action supported by ozone or UV irradiation. The paper presents the comparison of the effectives of organic micropollutants decomposition occurring in swimming pool water during UV irradiation emitted by a 15 and 150 W UV lamp. The tests were conducted on real swimming pool water collected from a sport basin. The identification and the determination of micropollutants concentration were performed by the use of gas chromatography GC-MS (EI) preceded by solid-phase extraction SPE. It was shown that the concentration of micropollutants decreases with the increase in the irradiation time of pool water. The 150 W UV lamp allowed for an over 33% removal of micropollutants from the group of pharmaceuticals compounds (except for caffeine) and more than 76% decrease of other compounds, which belong to the group of personal care products additives, food additives and phthalates. In addition, it has been demonstrated that during the irradiation of such complex water matrixes as swimming pool water, a significant number of micropollutants degradation by-products were formed, which are not found in water before UV irradiation.
Rocznik
Strony
131--138
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 16 poz.
Twórcy
autor
  • The Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering, Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
autor
  • The Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering, Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
autor
  • The Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering, Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
autor
  • The Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering, Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] Teo T. L .L., Coleman H. M., Khan S. J. (2015). Chemical contaminants in swimming pools: Occurrence, implications and control. Environment International, 76, 16-31.
  • [2] Xue S., Zhao Q.-L., Wei L.-L., Jia T. (2008). Effect of bromide ion on isolated fractions of dissolved organic matter in secondary effluent during chlorination. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 157(1), 25-33.
  • [3] Bottoni P., Bonadonna L., Chirico M., Caroli S., Záray G. (2014). Emerging issues on degradation byproducts deriving from personal care products and pharmaceuticals during disinfection processes of water used in swimming pools. Microchemical Journal, 112, 13-16.
  • [4] Alcudia-León M.C., Lucena R., Cárdenas S., Valcárcel M. (2013). Determination of parabens in waters by magnetically confined hydrophobic nanoparticle microextraction coupled to gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. Microchemical Journal, 110, 643-648.
  • [5] Suppes L.M., Huang C.H., Lee W.N., Brockman K.J. (2017). Sources of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in swimming pools. J Water Health, 15(5), 829-833.
  • [6] Hofman-Caris C. H. M., Bäuerlein P. S., Siegers W. G., Ziaie J., Tolkamp H. H., de Voogt P. (2015). Affinity adsorption for the removal of organic micropollutants in drinking water sources; proof of principle. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 15(6), 1207-1219.
  • [7] Chowdhury S., Al-Hooshani K., Karanfil T. (2014). Disinfection byproducts in swimming pool: occurrences, implications and future needs.Water Research, 53, 68-109.
  • [8] Richardson S.D., DeMarini D.M., Kogevinas M. (2010). What’s in the Pool? A Comprehensive Identification of Disinfection By-products and Assessment of Mutagenicity of Chlorinated and Brominated Swimming Pool Water. Environmental Health Perspectives 118(11), 1523-1530.
  • [9] Glassmeyer S. T., Shoemaker J. A. (2005). Effects of Chlorination on the Persistence of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 74(1), 24-31.
  • [10] Shen R., Andrews S.A. (2011). Demonstration of 20 pharmaceuticals and PPCPs as nitrosamine precursors during chloramine disinfection. Water Research 45, 944-952.
  • [11] Lempart A., Kudlek E., Dudziak M. (2017). Determination of micropollutants in solid and liquid samples from swimming pool systems. Proceedings of the 2nd Int. Elect. Conf. Water Sci., 16-30 November 2017; Sciforum Electronic Conference Series, 2, 1-9.
  • [12] Li W., Shi Y. Gao L., Liu1 J., Cai Y. (2015). Occurrence and human exposure of parabens and their chlorinated derivatives in swimming pools. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 22, 17987-17997.
  • [13] Ekowati Y., Buttiglieri G., Ferrero G., Valle-Sistac J., Diaz-Cruz M.S., Barceló D., Petrovic M., Villagrasa M., Kennedy M.D., Rodríguez-Roda I. (2016). Occurrence of pharmaceuticals and UV filters in swimming pools and spas. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 23, 14431-14441.
  • [14] Fang J., Fu Y., Shang C. (2014). The Roles of Reactive Species in Micropollutant Degradation in the UV/Free Chlorine System. Environmental Science and Technology 48(3), 1859-1868.
  • [15] Kudlek E. (2017). Decomposition of contaminants of emerging concern in advanced oxidation processes. Proceedings of the 2nd Int. Elect. Conf. Water Sci., 16-30 November 2017; Sciforum Electronic Conference Series, 2, 1-9.
  • [16] Agbaba J., Molnar Jazić J., Tubić A., Watson M., Maletić S., Kragulj M., Isakovski Dalmacija B. (2016). Oxidation of natural organic matter with processes involving O3, H2O2 and UV light: formation of oxidation and disinfection by-products. RSC Advances 6(89), 86212-86219.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-27acd985-b1f0-4db9-aaf7-770330b42906
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