PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of Moisture Evaporation from Underwear Designed for Fire-Fighters

Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
Identyfikatory
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In this study we analysed the effect of moisture on the thermal protective performance of fire-fighter clothing in case of routine fire-fighting conditions. In the first stage of this research we investigated simultaneous heat and moisture transfer through a single-layer fabric, used as underwear for fire-fighters, at different moisture conditions. In the second stage of the study, the underwear in dry and wet state was tested together with protective clothing systems for fire-fighter consisting of three or four layers. It was found that during the evaporation of the moisture, a temperature plateau appeared during which temperatures hardly rose. The energy consumption used for the phase change of moisture located in the assembly dominated the heat transfer process as long as there was moisture present. As soon as all water had evaporated, the temperatures approached the temperatures measured for dry samples. The moisture within the clothing assembly did not lead to increased temperatures compared with the measurements with dry samples. This research has confirmed that moisture can positively affect the thermal protection of a clothing system.
Rocznik
Strony
35--47
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 22 poz.
Twórcy
autor
  • GEMTEX, HEI, Université Catholique de Lille, Lille, F-59046, France
  • Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” of Iasi, Iasi, 700050, Romania
autor
  • GEMTEX, ENSAIT, Université Lille Nord de France, Roubaix, F-59056, France
autor
  • GEMTEX, ENSAIT, Université Lille Nord de France, Roubaix, F-59056, France
autor
  • GEMTEX, HEI, Université Catholique de Lille, Lille, F-59046, France
autor
  • GEMTEX, HEI, Université Catholique de Lille, Lille, F-59046, France
autor
  • GEMTEX, ENSAIT, Université Lille Nord de France, Roubaix, F-59056, France
Bibliografia
  • [1] Song, G. (2011). Improving comfort in clothing. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge.
  • [2]Yoo, S., Barker, R.l. (2005). Comfort Properties of Heat- Resistant Protective Workwear in Varying Conditions of Physical Activity and Environment. Part I: Thermophysical and Sensorial Properties of Fabrics, Textile Research Journal, 75, 523.
  • [3]Durney, C.H., Massoudi, H., lskander, M. F. (1986). Radiofrequency radiation dosimetry handbook. The University of Utah. Retrieved 30.05.2013 from Web site: http://www.radhaz.com/docs/RF%20Dosimetry%20 Handbook%20ver%204.pdf.
  • [4]Keiser, C. (2007). Steam burns. Moisture management in firefighter protective clothing. PhD Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Swiss.
  • [5]Schopper-Jochum, S., Schubert, W. and Hocke, M. (1997) Vergleichende Bewertung des Trageverhaltens von Feuerwehreinsatzjacken (Phase 1). Arbeitsmedizin, Sozialmedizin und Umweltmedizin, 32(4).
  • [6]Keiser, C. and Rossi, R.M. (2008). Temperature analysis for the prediction of steam formation and transfer in multilayer thermal protective clothing at low level thermal radiation. Textile Research Journal, 78 (11), 1025-1035.
  • [7]Mäkinen, H., Smolander, J., Vuorinen, H. (1988). Simulation of the effect of moisture content in underwear and on the skin surface on steam burns of firefighters. In: Mansdorf, S.Z., Sager, R., Nielsen, A.P., (eds). Performance of Protective Clothing: Issues and Priorities for the 21st Century, Second Symposium (ASTM STP 989). Philadelphia, PA, USA: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 415-421.
  • [8]Chen, N.Y. (1959). Transient Heat and Moisture Transfer to Skin through Thermally Irradiated Cloth. Doctoral Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston.
  • [9]Lee, Y.M., Barker, R.L. (1986). Effect of Moisture on the Thermal Properties of Heat-Resistant Fabrics. Journal of Fire Sciences, 4, 315–331.
  • [10]Rossi, R.M., Zimmerli, T. (1996). Influence of Humidity on the Radiant, Convective and Contact Heat Transmission through Protective Clothing Materials. In: Performance of Protective Clothing: Fifth Volume, ASTM STP 1237, James S. Johnson, J.S., Mansdorf, S. Z. (eds.) American Society for Testing and Materials, (ASTM), 269-280.
  • [11]Mäkinen, H. (2005) Firefighter's protective clothing. In: Scott RA (ed.) Textiles for Protection. Cambridge, Woodhead, UK, 622-647
  • [12]Song, G., Paskaluk, S., Sati, R. et al. (2011). Thermal protective performance of protective clothing used for low radiant heat protection, Textile Research Journal, 81(3), 311-323.
  • [13]Song, G., Gholamreza, F., Cao, W. (2011). Analyzing thermal stored energy and effect on protective performance, Textile Research Journal, 81(11), 1124-1138.
  • [14]Fu,M., Wenguo Weng, W., Yuan, H. (2013) Effects of multiple air gaps on the thermal performance of firefighter protective clothing under low-level heat exposure, Textile Research Journal published online 12 December 2013. DOI: 10.1177/0040517513512403.
  • [15]Lawson, L.K., Crown, E.M., Ackerman, M.Y., Dale, J.D. (2004). Moisture Effects in Heat Transfer Through Clothing Systems for Wildland Firefighters. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (JOSE), 10(3), 227-238.
  • [16]Petrilli, T., Ackerman, M. (2008). Tests of Undergarments Exposed to Fire. Fire tech Tips. Retrieved 30.05.2013 from Web site http://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdfpubs/ pdf08512348/pdf08512348dpi72.pdf
  • [17]ISO 11092:1993 - Textiles - Physiological effects - Measurement of thermal and water-vapour resistance under steady-state conditions (sweating guarded-hotplate test). ISO: Geneva, Switzerland
  • [18]Petrusic, S., Onofrei, E., Bedek, G., Dupont, D., Soulat, D. (2013). Investigation of Thermal Comfort Properties of Firefighter Protective Clothing. 4th ITMC Lille Metropole 2013 International Conference, ENSAIT, Roubaix, France.
  • [19]http://www.osram.fr/media/resource/hires/333561/ theratherm_siccatherm_infrared-en.pdf
  • [20]Kothandaraman, CP. (2006). Fundamental of heat and mass transfer. 3rd ed. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, 608.
  • [21]Bartels, V. T. (2005). Physiological comfort of sportswear. In Textiles in Sports, Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge.
  • [22]Nomax, G.R. (1990). Hydrophilic polyurethane coatings. Journal of Industrial Textiles, 20:88. DOI: 10.1177/152808379002000205.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-24c32ffb-70c2-4f0e-938f-caf4545b7902
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.