Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
Security, irrespectively how it is understood and considered, has always been a problem that essentially influences our life. The significance of the problem was proved by Al. Qaeda on September 11 and wars in Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003) resulting from that event. They showed that in the contemporary world one has to face not only non-military threats but also the armed ones. It results from the discussion which these events provoked that also in this area we encounter numerous opinions. Some said that the argument of force is the most important, some opted for the force of argument, others thought that the force of argument is not only the most significant but also the only factor. Also the danger of a war break out, understood as a military conflict, is not the sole threat. There are many possibilities in this area, a number of non-military threats, that are vital. Having considered the security issues, the writer concludes that: 1. Security depends on many factors. Therefore while developing crisis forecasts and models of security that result from them, most often these are partial and not completely probable situation hypotheses of particular interactions that are put forth. 2. Security has currently also a non-military dimension. Thus a co-operation of all institutions, both military and non-military is necessary. 3. The borders between war and peace are unsettled as are the borders between inner and outer security. 4. Ensuring security does not refer to one state any longer. 5. Ensuring security requires a common action of various ministries. In practice, a united command of actions for military and non-military units (institutions) is the main factor of their success. 6. Contemporary post-industrial states’ sensitivity grows, particularly to unconventional forms of violence. 7. The period of neutrality is ending. Attacks on New York and Washington proved that any country in the world could be a target of a terrorist attack. 8. Developing a security policy leads to creating more and more numerous scenarios. The following factors are vitally important in modern security policy: further strengthening the role of the United Nations, the intensification of the transatlantic co-operation, increasing the role of the European Union, ensuring stability in Southern Europe, Middle and Far East and in Africa, further strengthening ties with Russia and a proper co-operation with many other countries and institutions, with superpowers in particular as these actions directions favour world peace and stability. In spite of the fact that the United States will be the only superpower in the foreseeable future, September 11 events proved that the US is not able to ensure its security alone. Therefore international co-operation, especially after taking into considerations the mentioned above elements, becomes the best way to develop contemporary security policy. The author of the article also states that 1. Further fruitful transatlantic co-operation is necessary. 2. This co-operation depends on good will of both sides. 3. It is assumed that American side will treat the European side as its equivalent partner. 4. The European side should not only intensify its security and defence policy but also implement it.