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http://yadda.icm.edu.pl:443/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-17b79d57-1027-437d-a386-1d62c5ac90fb

Czasopismo

Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

In-cylinder combustion analysis of a SI engine fuelled with hydrogen enriched compressed natural gas (HCNG) : engine performance, efficiency and emissions

Autorzy Juknelevičius, R.  Mehra, R.K.  Ma, F.  Szwaja, S. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
Abstrakty
EN The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of hydrogen addition on spark ignition (SI) engine’s performance, thermal efficiency, and emission using variable composition hydrogen/CNG mixtures. The hydrogen was used in amounts of 0%, 20%, 40% by volume fraction at each engine speed and load. Experimental analysis was performed at engine speed of 1200 rpm, load of 120 Nm corresponding BMEP = 0.24 MPa, spark timing 26 CAD BTDC, and at engine speed of 2000 rpm, load of 350 Nm corresponding BMEP = 0.71 MPa, spark timing 22 CAD BTDC. The investigation results show that increasing amounts of hydrogen volume fraction contribute to shorten ignition delay time and decrease of the combustion duration, that also affect main combustion phase. The combustion duration analysis of mass fraction burned (MFB) was presented in the article. Decrease of CO2 in the exhaust gases was observed with increase of hydrogen amounts to the engine. However, nitrogen oxides (NOX) were found to increase with hydrogen addition if spark timing was not optimized according to hydrogen’s higher burning speed.
Słowa kluczowe
EN hydrogen   CNG   SI engine   combustion   emission   MFB  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2018
Tom Vol. 25, No. 3
Strony 253--260
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 22 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor Juknelevičius, R.
  • Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Faculty of Transport Engineering J. Basanavičiaus Street 28, LT-03224 Vilnius, Lithuania tel.: +370 5 2370583, fax: +370 5 2700112 , romualdas.juknelevicius@vgtu.lt
autor Mehra, R.K.
  • Tsinghua University State Key Laboratory of Automobile Safety and Energy Beijing, 100084, People’s Republic of China tel.: +86 10 62785946, fax: +86 10 62785946, luops15@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
autor Ma, F.
  • Tsinghua University State Key Laboratory of Automobile Safety and Energy Beijing, 100084, People’s Republic of China tel.: +86 10 62785946, fax: +86 10 62785946, mafh@tsinghua.edu.cn
autor Szwaja, S.
  • Czestochowa University of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science Dabrowskiego Street 69, 42-201 Czestochowa, Poland tel. +48 34 3250524, fax: +48 34 3250555 , szwaja@imc.pcz.czest.pl
Bibliografia
[1] European Commision, White Paper. Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system, Brussels 2011.
[2] European Commision, Transport 2050, Brussels 2011.
[3] European Commision, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Clean Power for Transport: A European alternative fuels strategy, Brussels 2013.
[4] Bauer, C. G., Forest, T. W., et al., Effect of hydrogen addition on performance of methane-fueled vehicles. Part I: Effect on SI engine performance, Int J Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 26, pp. 55-70, 2001.
[5] Ma, F., Liu, H., Wang, Y., Li, Y., Wang, J., Zhao, S., Combustion and emission characteristics of a port-injection HCNG engine under various ignition timings, Int Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, pp. 816-822, 2008.
[6] Mehra, R. K., Duan, H., Juknelevičius, R., Ma, F., Li, J., Progress in hydrogen enriched compressed natural gas (HCNG) internal combustion engines – A comprehensive review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 80, pp. 1458-1498, 2017.
[7] Woodrow, W. C, Jeremy, R., Hydrogen energy stations: along the roadside to the hydrogen economy, Utilities Policy, Vol. 13, pp. 41-50, 2005.
[8] Billur, S., Farida, L. D., Michael, H., Metal hydride materials for solid hydrogen storage: a review, Int J Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 32, pp. 1121-1140, 2007.
[9] Sun, Z. Y., Liu, F. S., Liu, X. H., Research and development of hydrogen fuelled engines in China, Int J Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 37, pp. 664-681, 2012.
[10] Zhao, J., Ma, F., Xiong, X., Deng, X., Wang, L., Naeve, N., Zhao, S., Effects of compression ratio on the combustion and emission of a hydrogen enriched natural gas engine under different excess air ratio, Energy, Vol. 59, pp. 658-665, 2013.
[11] Melaika, M., Research of a combustion process in a spark ignition engine, fuelled with gaseous fuel mixtures, Doctoral dissertation, ISBN 978-609-457-996-7, Vilnius 2016.
[12] Rasswieler, G. M., Withrow, L., Motion pictures of engine flames correlated with pressure cards, SAE Paper No. 800131, 1980.
[13] Ma, F., Wang, M., Jiang, L., Chen, R., Deng, J., Naeve, N., Zhao, S., Performance and emission characteristics of a turbocharged CNG engine fueled by hydrogen-enriched compressed natural gas with high hydrogen ratio, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, pp. 6438-6447, 2010.
[14] Szwaja, S., Knock and combustion rate interaction in a hydrogen fuelled combustion engine, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 431-438, 2011.
[15] Conte, E., Boulouchos, K., Influence of hydrogen-rich-gas addition on combustion, pollutant formation and efficiency of an IC-SI engine, SAE Paper No. 2004-01-0972, 2004.
[16] Miao, H. Y., Lu., L., Huang, Z.H., Flammability limits of hydrogenenriched natural gas, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 36, pp. 6937-6947, 2011.
[17] Ma, F., He, Y. T., Deng, J., Jiang, L., Naeve, N., Wang, M. Y., et al., Idle characteristics of a hydrogen fueled SI engine, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 36, Iss. 7, pp. 4454-4460, 2001.
[18] Ma, F., Wang, M. Y., Jiang, L., Deng, J., Chen, R. Z., Naeve, N., et al., Performance and emission characteristics of a turbocharged spark-ignition hydrogen-enriched compressed natural gas engine under wide open throttle opening conditions, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, Iss. 22, pp. 12502-12509, 2010.
[19] Ma, F., Li, S., Zhao, J., Qi, Z., Deng, J., Naeve, N., et al., Effect of compression ratio and spark timing on the power performance and combustion characteristics of an HCNG engine. Int J Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 37, pp. 18486-18491, 2012.
[20] Heywood, J. B., Internal combustion engines fundamentals, McGraw Hill Inc., p. 930, 1988.
[21] Yin, C. Q., Cheng, P., Gao, Y. H., Xing, S. H., Study on property of a stable pressure box with damping line for engine experiment, Nat Sci J Jilin Univ Technol, Vol. 31, pp. 75-78, 2001.
[22] Ma, F., Wang, Y., Wang, J., Zhao, S., Yin, Y., Cheng, W., et al., Development and validation of an on-line hydrogen-natural gas mixing system for internal combustion engine testing, SAE Technical Paper, 2008.
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2018).
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-17b79d57-1027-437d-a386-1d62c5ac90fb
Identyfikatory
DOI 10.5604/01.3001.0012.4340