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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Three‑dimensional Mapping and Change Detection Analysis

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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), commonly known as drones are increasingly being used for three dimensional (3D) mapping of the environment. This study utilised UAV technology to produce a revised 3D map of the University of Lagos as well as land cover change detection analysis. A DJI Phantom 4 UAV was used to collect digital images at a flying height of 90 m, and 75% fore and 65% side overlaps. Ground control points (GCPs) for orthophoto rectification were coordinated with a Trimble R8 Global Navigation Satellite System. Pix4D Mapper was used to produce a digital terrain model and an orthophoto at a ground sampling distance of 4.36 cm. The change detection analysis, using the 2015 base map as reference, revealed a significant change in the land cover such as an increase of 16,306.7 m2 in buildings between 2015 and 2019. The root mean square error analysis performed using 7 GCPs showed a horizontal and vertical accuracy of 0.183 m and 0.157 m respectively. This suggests a high level of accuracy, which is adequate for 3D mapping and change detection analysis at a sustainable cost.
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Bibliogr. 24 poz., fot., rys., tab.
  • University of Lagos, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Nigeria
  • University of Lagos, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Nigeria
  • University of Lagos, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Nigeria
  • University of Lagos, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Nigeria
  • Imo State University, Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Nigeria
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Opracowanie rekordu ze środków MNiSW, umowa Nr 461252 w ramach programu "Społeczna odpowiedzialność nauki" - moduł: Popularyzacja nauki i promocja sportu (2021)
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