Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Assessing the efects of 1D assumption violation in vertical electrical sounding (VES) data processing and interpretation

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
This research aimed to discover the possible efects of 1D assumption violations on VES data interpretations. In order to do so, 1D inversion results of logarithmically spaced and linearly spaced VES measurements are compared with their relevant 2D inverted models. Some real case studies are also examined by 1D and 2D inversions to test the results. It is found that linearly spaced VES measurements are not really suitable for 1D inversion in the case of 1D assumption violations and logarithmically spaced VES can better handle these problematic features. In the case of semi-infnite horizontal layers and also small surface resistivity inhomogeneities, logarithmically spaced VES datasets mostly provide a reliable 1.5D model while linearly spaced VES datasets sufer from remarkable artifacts. In the case of vertical structures, both linearly spaced and logarithmically spaced VES techniques fail. In this case (i.e., a vertical dike), artifacts in the form of “extra layer” appear in those VES stations that are adjacent to the dike. However, for VES stations on the dike structure, no extra layer appears in the 1D inversion result. It must be emphasized that 1D violating features are not improbable in many geological situations so they must be considered in mind when processing and interpreting the geophysical VES data.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 34 poz.
  • Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), 424 Hafez Ave, 15875-4413 Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), 424 Hafez Ave, 15875-4413 Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), 424 Hafez Ave, 15875-4413 Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
  • 1. Asfahani J (2016) Hydraulic parameters estimation by using an approach based on vertical electrical soundings (VES) in the semi-arid Khanasser valley region, Syria. J Afr Earth Sci 117:196–206.
  • 2. Barker RD (1989) Depth of investigation of collinear symmetrical four-electrode arrays. Geophysics 54(8):1031–1037
  • 3. Başokur AT (1999) Automated 1D interpretation of resistivity soundings by simultaneous use of the direct and iterative methods. Geophys Prospect 47:149–177.
  • 4. Beard LP, Morgan FD (1991) Assessment of 2-D resistivity structures using 1-D inversion. Geophysics 56(6):874–883.
  • 5. Bentley LR, Gharibi M (2004) Two- and three-dimensional electrical resistivity imaging at a heterogeneous remediation site. Geophysics 69(3):674–680.
  • 6. Chambers JE, Ogilvy RD, Kuras O, Cripps JC, Meldrum PI (2001) 3D electrical imaging of known targets at a controlled environmental test site. Environ Geol 41:690–704.
  • 7. Dahlin T, Bernstone C, Loke MH (2002) A 3-D resistivity investigation of a contaminated site at Lernacken, Sweden. Geophysics 67(6):1692–1700.
  • 8. Danielsen BE, Dahlin T (2009) Comparison of geoelectrical imaging and tunnel documentation at the Hallandsås Tunnel, Sweden. Eng Geol 107:118–129.
  • 9. Greenhalgh S, Wiese T, Marescot L (2010) Comparison of DC sensitivity patterns for anisotropic and isotropic media. J Appl Geophys 70:103–112.
  • 10. Gupta PK, Nirwas S, Gaur VK (1997) Straightforward inversion of vertical electrical sounding data. Geophysics 62(3):775–785.
  • 11. Gyulai Á, Ormos T (1999) A new procedure for the interpretation of VES data: 1.5-D simultaneous inversion method. J Appl Geophys 41:1–17
  • 12. Gyulai A, Ormos T, Dobroka M (2010) A quick 2-D geoelectric inversion method using series expansion. J Appl Geophys.
  • 13. Hauck C, Kneisel C (2008) Applied geophysics in periglacial environments. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  • 14. Hodlur GK, Dhakate R, Andrade R (2006) Correlation of vertical electrical sounding and borehole-log data for delineation of saltwater and freshwater aquifers. Geophysics 71(1):G11–G20.
  • 15. Kumar D, Ahmed S, Krishnamurthy NS, Dewandel B (2007) Reducing ambiguities in vertical electrical sounding interpretations: a geostatistical application. J Appl Geophys 62:16–32.
  • 16. Loke MH Rapid 2D resistivity forward modelling using the finite-difference and finite-element methods (RES2DMODE Manual). Geotomo Software, Malaysia (
  • 17. Loke MH (2019) Tutorial: 2-D and 3-D Electrical Imaging Surveys. Geotomo Software, Malaysia (
  • 18. Loke MH, Chambers JE, Rucker DF, Kuras O, Wilkinson PB (2013) Recent developments in the direct-current geoelectrical imaging method. J Appl Geophys 95:135–156.
  • 19. Mashhadi SR, Ramazi H (2018) The application of resistivity and induced polarization methods in identification of skarn alteration haloes: a case study in Qale-alimoradkhan area. J Environ Eng Geophys 23(3):363–368.
  • 20. Mashhadi SR, Mostafaei K, Ramazi H (2017) Improving bitumen detection in resistivity surveys by using induced polarization data. Explor Geophys.
  • 21. Mota R, Santos FAM, Mateus A, Marques FO, Gonçalves MA, Figueiras J, Amaral H (2004) Granite fracturing and incipient pollution beneath a recent landfill facility as detected by geoelectrical surveys. J Appl Geophys 57:11–22.
  • 22. Pedromo S, Ainchil JE, Kruse E (2014) Hydraulic parameters estimation from well logging resistivity and geoelectrical measurements. J Appl Geophys 105:50–58.
  • 23. Porsani JL, Filho WM, Elis VR, Shimeles F, Dourado JC, Moura HP (2004) The use of GPR and VES in delineating a contamination plume in a landfill site: a case study in SE Brazil. J Appl Geophys 55:199–209.
  • 24. Reynolds JM (2011) An introduction to applied and environmental geophysics, 2nd edn. Wiley, London
  • 25. Rucker DF, Glaser DR (2015) Standard, random, and optimum array conversions from two-pole resistance data. J Environ Eng Geophys 20:207–217
  • 26. Sajinkumar KS, Castedo R, Sundarajan P, Rani VR (2015) Study of a partially failed landslide and delineation of piping phenomena by vertical electrical sounding (VES) in the Wayanad Plateau, Kerala, India. Nat Hazards 75:755–778.
  • 27. Sattar GS, Keramat M, Shahid S (2014) Deciphering transmissivity and hydraulic conductivity of the aquifer by vertical electrical sounding (VES) experiments in Northwest Bangladesh. Appl Water Sci.
  • 28. Singh UK, Tiwari RK, Singh SB (2005) One-dimensional inversion of geo-electrical resistivity sounding data using artificial neural networks—a case study. Comput Geosci 31:99–108.
  • 29. Song SH, Lee JY, Park N (2007) Use of vertical electrical soundings to delineate seawater intrusion in a coastal area of Byunsan, Korea. Environ Geol 52:1207–1219.
  • 30. Sundararajan N, Sankaran S, Al-Hosni TK (2012) Vertical electrical sounding (VES) and multi-electrode resistivity in environmental impact assessment studies over some selected lakes: a case study. Environ Earth Sci 65:881–895.
  • 31. Tizro AT, Voudouris K, Basami Y (2012) Estimation of porosity and specific yield by application of geoelectrical method—a case study in western Iran. J Hydrol 454–455:160–172.
  • 32. Topolewska S, Stêpieñ M, Kowalczyk S (2016) Mapping of the north-eastern part of Kozlowicka buried valley based on geoelectrical data. Stud Quat 33:91–101.
  • 33. Veeraiah B, Babu GA (2014) Deep resistivity sounding (DRS) technique for mapping of sub-trappean sediments—a case study from central India. J Appl Geophys 105:112–119.
  • 34. Zohdy AAR (1989) A new method for the automatic interpretation of Schlumberger and Wenner sounding curves. Geophysics 54(2):245–253.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.