Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Tytuł artykułu

Chemical treatment of recycled pulp fibres for property development: Part 3. Effects on OCC pulps

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Chemical treatment with sodium hydroxide, formamide and ethyl acetate is shown to affect certain properties of paper made from recovered fibres. Sodium hydroxide treatment improves the brightness of sheets by approx. 0.12–17.2% under similar recycling conditions. All chemical treatments usually improve the tensile and burst strengths of sheets to some degree. The highest tensile and burst strength values of 42.09 Nm/g and 2.60 kPa m2/g were obtained at the first recycling stage with 10% ethyl acetate treatment (O10Et1), and these represent approximately 142.2% and 100% improvement of tensile and burst strength respectively. In contrast, although the results revealed that certain chemical treatments markedly improved both tensile and burst strengths, there is some variation observed for tear strengths. The largest improvement in tear strength (72.9%) was found at the third recycling stage with 5.0% formamide treatment (O5Fa3), followed by O10Et3 (33.9%) and O10Na3 (29.2%). It is important to note that the highest tear strength value of 9.09 Nm2/g was found at the second recycling stage of the control samples. The results clearly show that the tensile and burst strengths of sheets can be improved by certain chemical treatments, but there is no correlation with tear strengths.
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 30 poz., rys., tab.
  • Department. of Forest Products Engineering, Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Isparta, Turkey,
  • Department of Forest Products Engineering, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey,
  • Bajpai P. [2014]: Recycling and deinking of recovered paper. Elsevier, NY: 304p.
  • Bhat G.R., Heitmann, J.A., Joyce, T.W. [1991]: Novel techniques for enhancing the strength properties of secondary fiber. Tappi Journal 74 [9]: 151-157
  • Biermann C.J. [1993]: Essentials of pulping and papermaking. Academic Press, Inc. San Diego, USA
  • Brancato A.A. [2008]: Effect of progresive recycling on cellulose fiber surface properties. Georgia Institute of Tecnology, GA, USA: 116 [PhD thesis]
  • Clark J. d’A. [1978]. Pulp technology and treatment of paper. Miller Freeman Publications, Inc., San Francisco
  • De Ruvo A., Farnstrand P.A., Hagen N., Haglund N. [1986]: Upgrading of pulp from corrugated containers by oxygen delignification. Tappi Journal 69 [6]: 100-103
  • Ellis R.L., Sedlachek K.M. [1993]: Recycled-versus virgin-fiber characteristic: a comparison. In: Spangenberg R.J. (ed.), Secondary Fiber Recycling. Tappi Press, Atlanta, Georgia
  • Fernandez E.O., Young R.A. [1996]: Properties of cellulose pulps from acidic and basic processes. Cellulose 3 [1]: 21-44
  • Freeland S., Hrutfiord B. [1993]: Caustic treatment of old corrugated container (OCC) for strength improvement during recycling. Tappi Pulping Conf. Proceed. Atlanta, GA: 115-118
  • Howard R.C., Bichard W. [1992]: The basic effects of recycling on pulp properties. Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 18 [4]: J151-J159
  • Howard R.C., Bichard W. [1993]: The basic effects of recycling on pulp properties. Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 19 [2]: J57
  • Howard R.C. [1995]: The effects of recycling of pulp quality. In: R.W.J. McKinney (ed.), Technology of Paper Recycling. Blackie Academic, London, Ch. 6:180-203
  • Hubbe M.A., Venditti R.A., Rojas O.J. [2007]: What happens to cellulosic fibers during papermaking and recycling? A review. BioResources 2 [4]: 739-788
  • Katz S., Liebergott N., Scallan A.M. [1981]: A mechanism for the alkali strengthening of mechanical pulps. Tappi Journal 64 [7]: 97-100
  • Laivin G.V., Scallan A.M. [1996]: The Influence of drying and beating on the swelling of fines. Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 22 [5]: J178
  • Sahin H.T. [2014]: A study on recovered secondary fiber for reuse. Turkish Journal of Forestry 15 [2]: 183-188
  • Sahin H.T. [2016]: Basic principles on paper recyling and deinking process. European Journal of Science and Technology 4 [7]: 31-38
  • Scott W.E., Abbott J.E. (eds.) [1995]: Properties of Paper: an Introduction. Tappi Press, Atlanta, GA: 174
  • Sutcu A., Sahin H.T. [2017]: Chemical treatment of recycled pulp fibres for property development: Part 1. Effects on bleached kraft pulps. Drewno 60 [200]: 95-109. DOI: 10.12841/wood.1644-3985.214.07
  • Sutcu A., Sahin H.T., Tutus A. [2018]: Chemical treatment of recycled pulp fibres for property development: Part 2. Effects on old newspapers. Drewno 61 [201]: 177-192. DOI: 10.12841/wood.1644-3985.226.06
  • Twede D., Selke S.E.M., Kamdem D.P., Shires D. [2015]: Cartons, Crates and Corrugated Board: Handbook of Paper and Wood Packaging Technology. DEStech Publications, Inc; 2nd Revised edition, Lancaster PA:584
  • Wistara N. [1997]: Properties and treatments of paper from recycled pulps. University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI [PhD thesis]
  • List of standards
  • SCAN-C 62:00 Water retention value (WRV)
  • TAPPI T205 om-88 Forming hand sheets for physical tests of pulp
  • TAPPI T220 sp-96 Physical testing of pulp hand sheets
  • TAPPI T403 Bursting strength of paper
  • TAPPI T414 Internal tearing resistance of paper (Elmendorf-type method)
  • TAPPI T460 om-02 Air resistance of paper (Gurley method)
  • TAPPI T494 om-96 Tensile properties of paper and paperboard (using constant rate of elongation apparatus)
  • TAPPI T525 om-96 Diffuse brightness of paper, paperboard and pulp (d/0) – ultraviolet level C
Opracowanie rekordu ze środków MNiSW, umowa Nr 461252 w ramach programu "Społeczna odpowiedzialność nauki" - moduł: Popularyzacja nauki i promocja sportu (2020).
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.