Ogólne zasady ochrony dóbr kultury w czasie konfliktu zbrojnego w prawie międzynarodowym i wewnętrznym RP
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General principles of culture goods protection during an armed conflict in international and Polish domestic law
The author analyses principles and standards of culture goods protection during an armed conflict in international and Polish domestic law. The protection of culture goods in international law has a long tradition and constitutes a part of general principles concerning humanitarianism. I the European tradition the principles relating to the protection of culture goods have developed since the ancient times. At the end of the 19th century at the Peace Conference in the Hague the war law standards concerning the protection of culture goods were codified. This codification introduced to treaty law new provisions binding in customary law. The tendency to decrease losses: own, enemy’s, among the civilian population, in civilian buildings and in culture goods, results in fulfilling the principles of war law. These principles were written in the provisions of the Hague Convention in 1907 and 1954. They were further developed in the Geneva Convention in 1949 and its supplementary protocols in 1977 and in the Second Protocol of 1999 to the Hague Convention of 1954. The Convention of 1954 imposed on countries the obligation to implement its provisions in military instructions and regulations. The task of the state is to create respect to Polish and international culture goods within the armed forces.