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Journal of KONES

Tytuł artykułu

Physicochemical properties of fuel compositions obtained from diesel fuel and different kinds of fatty raw material

Autorzy Duda, K.  Piętak, A. 
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji EN
EN Increased interest in development of alternative fuels used to power combustion engines is caused by excessive use of fuels obtained from mineral sources. Depletion of resources, political aspects as well as the negative impact on the environment are commonly discussed issues in relation to fossil fuels. On the other hand, biodegradability, lower toxic components emissions and interchangeability with mineral fuels are commonly described benefits related to biodiesel, interpreted as fatty acid methyl esters obtained from fatty raw material. Also the multiplicity of raw materials that can be used for production promotes popularization of the biodiesel. However the variety of raw materials can have significant impact on the number of physicochemical properties of alternative fuels due to the differences in molecular structures forming given type of raw material. The article presents analysis of properties of different types of biodiesel and its mixtures with diesel according to the outlines presented in the quality standards for mineral and alternative fuels. Alternative fuels were produced in the laboratory setup from swine, poultry, rape and sunflower fatty raw material. Such parameters as: density, kinematic viscosity, flash point, acid value, oxidation stability, cold filter plugging point, sulphur content, water content and total contamination were examined, based on the results, the quality of the biofuels was evaluated. Study confirms that biofuels derived from plant origin fatty raw material present favorable results in the aspect water content, total contamination, acid value and cold flow properties, thus biofuels derived from animal origin raw fatty material presents lower density and sulphur content.
Słowa kluczowe
EN biodiesel quality examination   biodiesel mixture   animal fat biodiesel   vegetable oil biodiesel   transesterification  
Wydawca Institute of Aviation
Czasopismo Journal of KONES
Rocznik 2018
Tom Vol. 25, No. 3
Strony 137--143
Opis fizyczny Bibliogr. 20 poz., rys.
autor Duda, K.
  • University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Faculty of Technical Sciences Department of Mechatronics and IT Education Oczapowskiego 2, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland,
autor Piętak, A.
  • University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Faculty of Technical Sciences Department of Mechatronics and IT Education Oczapowskiego 2, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland,
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Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2018).
Kolekcja BazTech
Identyfikator YADDA bwmeta1.element.baztech-063ecf8a-7b02-4d51-95bb-10d99c999798
DOI 10.5604/01.3001.0012.4324