Podział zadań w obronie wybrzeża między marynarkę wojenną i wojska lądowe po drugiej wojnie światowej. Cz. 2
Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
Division of coast defence tasks between the navy and army after World War II. Pt. 2
The article is the next of a series of articles on coastal defence in Poland in 1920-2002. It concerns the concepts of coastal defence after the war, particularly the division of tasks between the navy and the army. The initial principles of co-operation between the Navy and Military District 2 (since 1953 the Pomeranian Military District) commands were developed in 1951-1956. The Navy was to limit its tasks to defend the Main Base in Gdynia, whereas the rest of the coast was included in the general anti-landing defence system organised by the land forces with the co-operation of the air force. Great forces of army troops were concentrated in Pomerania, battalion fortified areas were extended along the coast, which were included them into then existing defence system based on coast artillery batteries. Anti-landing Brigades were created in these areas to extend the defence. Apart from changes in the army and the navy, also the air forces were undergoing dynamic changes. After 1956, there were significant transformations in the armed forces resulting from the detente of so far tense political relations between the two opposing blocks. The idea of these changes was a rational reorganisation of the forces due to the real defence needs of the country. A reduction of troops on a large scale was conducted also in Pomerania and the Coast. The reorganisation of the 70s had a smaller scale and resulted mainly from the necessity to adapt new technological developments into then existing systems. Much attention was drawn to a possible threat of probable landing operations. On the other hand, combined landing operations of our own troops were given much training, predicting even mechanised divisions to include into landing operations.