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This article features an analysis of the heath status of persons aged 15 and over in Poland during the period of economic and social transformation. The significance of economic factors, as well as social and family roles receives a special focus. Data from the Health Status Survey, carried out by the Central Statistical Office in 1996, formed the database for analyses.The results obtained by use of logistic regressions revealed a close correlation of economic conditions and performed social roles with self-assessed health, occurrence of indicators of emotional discomfort, and incidence of long-standing diseases. The results obtained were age and sex-specific. It was found that a difficult financial situation in a given household magnified the risk of low health rates in both males and females. Marital status and presence of children in a family appeared to be of some significance but only explained differences in health status among women. Yet, the results obtained did not confirm the protective role of married life to the health of females in Poland; in fact, a reverse correlation was observed. An occupational position had bigger effect than the family situation on the self-assessed health status among men.Impact of the financial status and family situation on the health of household members is of a multidimensional nature and necessitates further research.
Content available remote Health and disease vs poverty and social exclusion
The aim of the paper is to analyse relations between poverty, social exclusion and health status of the Polish population in a context of health inequalities research that is common in Western Europe. Significant differences in health status by sex and age as well as socio-economic status are observable. The latter ones are related to expenditures level and unemployment. Another factors that strongly differentiate health status are social networks and social support from the closest ones. Health inequalities in longevity and morbidity on selected diseases (TB) between regions are driven mainly by unemployment level in regions.
The paper deals with the impact of environmental quality on human health in the Baltic States. The quality of environment and health are the core indicators of quality of life and they are closely interrelated. The indicators system to assess environmental quality and health status was developed to assess the impact of environmental quality on health in the Baltic States based on regular consolidated statistical data provided by EUROSTAT. The paper presents the concept of assessment of environmental quality and health status dimensions in the quality of life measurements and provides analysis of dynamics of environmental and health indicators in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. The integrated environmental quality and health indicators were developed and assessed in the Baltic States since EU accession in 2004. The relationship between the main environmental and health status indicators is assessed. Comparison of environmental quality and health indicators in the Baltic states and in Czech Republic and Slovakia are provided as well. Based on the analysis performed policy recommendations are presented.
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