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Activated carbon obtained from bamboo waste was synthesised and modified with iron (BAC-Fe) and used for the removal of arsenic from aqueous solutions. Two different adsorption models were used for analysing the data. The adsorption capacities were determined for BAC-arsenite, BAC-Fe-arsenite, BAC-arsenate and BAC-Fe-arsenate, with a qmax (µg g−1) of 14.89, 19.19, 22.32 and 27.32 respectively. Adsorption capacity varied as a function of pH and modifications to the sorbent. Adsorption isotherms from an aqueous solution of arsenite and arsenates on activated carbons were determined. These adsorption isotherms were consistent with the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. Adsorption kinetics followed a pseudo-first order rate equation, as did the kinetics for BAC-Fe-arsenite and BAC-Fe-arsenate adsorption. [...]
In this study, magnetite (Fe₃O₄) nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method, coated with silica, and then the surface of silica coated magnetite (Fe₃O₄@SiO₂) nanoparticles was modified with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) at first. Secondly, attained nanoparticles were characterized by the Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, vibrating sample magnetometer, and zeta-sizer devices/methods. Finally, detailed adsorption experiments were performed to remove hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from aqueous media by synthesized nanoparticles. Mean size and specific surface area of synthesized nanoparticles were about 15 nm and 89.5 m²/g, respectively. The highest adsorption capacity among used adsorbents (Fe₃O₄, Fe₃O₄@SiO₂, Fe₃O₄@SiO₂@L) was attained by Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles and it was determined that adsorption capacity of the other two adsorbents was too low when compared to the Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles. Optimum conditions for Cr(VI) adsorption by Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles were: pH, 3; temperature, 55°C; contact time, 90 min; adsorbent concentration, 0.5 g/l and initial Cr(VI) concentration 10 mg/l. Under these conditions, adsorption capacity and removal percentage of Cr(VI) were found to be 33.45 mg/g and 88%, respectively.
In this work, nickel adsorption onto low Jordanian zeolite dose is being investigated. Natural zeolite doses were stirred continuously with nickel solutions in batch reactors at 180 RPM for 24 hours, where the temperature was set to 20°C. The pH was initially 4.5 and reached 5.2 at equilibrium. The removal efficiency of nickel reaches maximum value when the initial nickel concentration is around 1 ppm and then tends to decrease when the initial nickel concentration increases above 1 ppm. The optimal nickel removal reaches 65% when the initial nickel concentration is 1 ppm and the zeolite dose is 26 mg∙dm–3. This study investigates the behaviour of nickel removal and modelling isotherms below and above this critical peak point. At this level of zeolite dose, the adsorption does not follow either Freundlich or Langmuir isotherms, but rather, it follows Freundlich for the data plot just below the peak point with the highest coefficient of determination (R2) equals (0.98) when the zeolite dose is (26 mg∙dm–3), whereas it follows Langmuir for the data plot just above the peak point with the highest coefficient of determination (R2) equals (0.99) when the zeolite dose is (10 mg∙dm–3). These findings clarify the theory behind each isotherm and can be used to find new information for efficient treatment techniques.
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