The article is divided into seven paragraphs focusing on contemporary political and cultural situation in Spain; school and job market, a public debate on education system; the aims of the 1970 and 1990 reforms; changes in education based on the school act of 1990 (recognized as LOGSE); the new 1990 school act (Ley de Calidad); teacher training; the sum up and future perspectives. In conclusion the author assumes that as a result of numerous criticisms concerning Spanish university and lower level education, dramatic changes are suggested. They include Defense Ministry reduction and shifting thus regained sources to education. Ignatio Sotelo's idea to close down all universities and open them again is recalled here. Yet, these are utopian ideas. Minimal postulates raised at political educational discussions can be paraphrased as follows: the quality of each level education must be improved, equal chances for education must be granted, computer technologies should be used at schools more effectively, teacher training must be more efficient, there should be better social integration of people in Spain.