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Suicide is one of the most serious social and public health problems in the world as it is currently the third leading cause of death for youths between the ages of 15 and 30 years. Youth suicidal behaviour has continuous to be a significant national problem in need of urgent attention by Nigeria government. Common risk factors of suicide behaviour among Nigerian youths were examined in this study. A descriptive method was adopted and data was collected via a survey of 500 respondents in five tertiary educational institutions in Edo State. Data analysis was performed using percentages, means, t-test, and correlation and regression analysis. Findings indicated that depression and mental illness, Anxiety and stress, sexual violence, substance use, unemployment and poverty, and interpersonal conflict were the major risk factors predicting suicide behaviours among youths in Edo State. Thus, the study recommends among others that greater emphasis should be placed on encouraging healthy peer relationships among youths. This is because social cohesiveness and tolerance have been shown to improve the mental well-being of young people.
Purpose: To determine the level of knowledge regarding cervical carcinoma risk factors and to evaluate selected health behaviours presented by nurses in primary prevention of the reproductive organ malignancies.Materials and methods: The diagnostic survey with the use of self-constructed questionnaire was applied in the study. Data was collected among 184 nurses from two provinces in Poland.Results: According to the nurses, family history of cancer was the major risk factor in cervical carcinoma. The second most frequently enumerated risk factor, determining the incidence of cervical carcinoma, was oncogenic HPV types of infections. Nurses also mentioned frequent changes of sexual partners and early sexual initiation. More than 50% of respondents (54.3%) declared family history of various types of cancer including cervical carcinoma (3.8%). The majority of nurses were sexually active (82.6%) and had one partner (79.9%). Almost all nurses (93.5%) reported they had the cytological examination done regularly and 52.7% had it during last 12 months.Conclusions: The level of nurses’ knowledge regarding predisposing factors of cervical carcinoma development is good. Behaviours declared by the majority of them, belonged to the category of pro-health behaviours, which helps in the early detection and treatment of cancer.
Content available remote StudHeart-diabetes mellitus t.2 risk factors in senior medical students
Introduction. StudHeart research was performed to evaluate the risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) amongst the senior medical students. Material and methods. The research involved 506 students aged 22–27 (mean age 23.96±1.52 yrs) in their 5th and 6th year of the medical faculties at the Medical University of Lodz. Each of the examined students has filled out an anonymous survey comprising 12 questions, which enabled us to use the FINDRISC scale in estimation of the risk for T2DM. Analysis was performed in relation to gender. Results. Overall in 16.80% of respondents the body mass index (BMI) was >25 kg/m2. Almost all students (93.48%) admitted to drinking alcohol and 9.68% smoked cigarettes. Only 13.64% of participants exercised daily (women 8.16% vs. men 21.30%; P=0.000). Everyday consumption of fruit and vegetables was reported by 55.34% of the respondents whereas 6.92% of them (women 4.42% vs. men 10.40%; P=0.026) ate fast-food 2–3 times a week. The overall risk for T2DM was elevated in 17.2% of examined students. It is predicted that by the time participants will reach age of 45, 40.52% of them (mostly men) will have their risk of T2DM elevated. Conclusion. Despite the awareness of risk factors for T2DM among senior medical students, their lifestyle remains unchanged. In the given population it is predicted that the risk of T2DM will enhance about 2.5-fold in the next 20 years.
Rocznik Lubuski
tom 39
nr 2
The paper deals with one of the preventive concepts – resilience. The authors start with terminological assumptions, and then they characterize basic concept areas – risk factors (characterization of risk areas) and protective factors (the authors refer to the conditions enhancing human immunity). The article presents basic information about the resilience concept which is worth referring to while analyzing the causes and mechanisms of behaviour disorders or the symptoms of social maladjustment in children and adolescents.
W artykule prezentuję jedną z koncepcji profilaktycznych – resilience. Wychodzę od założeń terminologicznych, charakteryzuję podstawowe obszary koncepcji – czynniki ryzyka (charakterystyka obszarów zagrożeń) oraz czynniki chroniące (odwołuję się do warunków zwiększających odporność człowieka). Artykuł przedstawia podstawowe informacje o koncepcji resilience, do której warto odnieść się analizując przyczyny i mechanizmy zaburzeń zachowania czy przejawy niedostosowania społecznego u dzieci i młodzieży
Content available Epidemiology of abdominal aortic aneurysm
Introduction: Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a localized widening, located below the renal arteries. The exact etiology is not fully understood. Probably the main role in the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysm plays a correlation between genetic and environmental factors, especially smoking. The disease is primarily diagnosed in older men although in recent years there is an increased prevalence of the disease among women. Untreated abdominal aortic aneurysm increases in size until it ruptures, which often leads to the death of patient. The disease is generally asymptomatic and most of the aneurysms are detected accidentally, eg., during ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity.Literature search: The PubMed database was searched in order to collect the literature needed to elaborate the aspects of abdominal aortic aneurysm epidemiology. The search was limited to the review of the original publication from the last 10 years.Conclusions: Analysis of the results indicates that the incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysm in Australia is higher than in America and Europe. The total incidence in Western countries is higher than in Asia. AAA incidence in men is higher than in women. Aneurysms having a diameter of 30 to 39 mm were diagnosed more often than aneurysms with a diameter of more than 40 mm.
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