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The strengths of interpersonal dyads formed by the attacker and defender in one-on-one situations are crucial for performance in team ball sports such as soccer. The purpose of this study was to analyze the kinematics of one-on-one defensive movements in soccer competitions, and determine the relationships between lower limb kinematics and the center of mass translation during cutting actions. Six defensive scenes in which a player was responding to an offender’s dribble attack were selected for analysis. To reconstruct the three-dimensional kinematics of the players, we used a photogrammetric model-based image-matching technique. The hip and knee kinematics were calculated from the matched skeleton model. In addition, the center of mass height was expressed as a ratio of each participant’s body height. The relationships between the center of mass height and the kinematics were determined by the Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient. The normalized center of mass height at initial contact was correlated with the vertical center of mass displacement (r = 0.832, p = 0.040) and hip flexion angle at initial contact (r = −0.823, p = 0.044). This suggests that the lower center of mass at initial contact is an important factor to reduce the downwards vertical center of mass translation during defensive cutting actions, and that this is executed primarily through hip flexion. It is therefore recommended that players land with an adequately flexed hip at initial contact during one-on-one cutting actions to minimize the vertical center of mass excursion.
The article reveals spiritual values, historical-pedagogical, scientific-theoretical, methodological foundations of Cossack-knight education and proves the specifics and nature of contemporary youth upbringing on the Cossack principles. As the result of the analysis of historical and pedagogical experience of Ukrainian Cossacks the major ideas, values of Cossack pedagogy, which constitute the core of personality’s spirituality are suggested, namely: love for God, devotion to Ukraine, native people, willingness and ability to fight for its freedom and national interests; systematic improvement of body and soul, self-development and self-realization of all physical, mental and spiritual forces; upbringing of deep respect for the ethnic ancestors, gratitude to them for sacrificial struggle with the enemies of Ukraine; mastering the ability to be the holder of position, owner of native land formation of the self and the other senses of honor, nobility, and other knightly virtues, state-creating qualities; bringing up in each individual national dignity and pride, national consciousness and self-awareness; willingness to respect the representatives of other nations; introduction of the national government, the democratic foundations of Ukrainian Cossack way of life; ability to perform the duties for Ukraine, harmonious combination of personal and national needs and interests, readiness to sacrifice in the name of the victory of Ukrainian ideals; faithfulness to freedom-loving commandments of fighters for freedom of Ukraine, high knightly qualities of Ukrainian person of Shevchenko type; willingness to fight anti-Ukrainian, anti-state phenomena in life, to implement the Ukrainian national ideology, Cossack philosophy, knight morality. It is concluded that Cossack pedagogy, its cultural and national sense, ideological and moral values are fully reflected in national psychology, character, philosophy, and other components of the consciousness of our people. In Ukrainian system of education and upbringing were put leading ideas of national liberation of the Cossack movement, foundations of social life, which required the development of economy, culture, education and upbringing. It should be noted an important trait of the Cossack pedagogy – the ability to develop sensation, perception, imagination, intuition, subconscious – all that belongs to a perfect sphere of personality. The education of today's youth on the Cossack principles will promote the highest development of patriotism, self-realization of youth and the desire to protect their family and homeland.
This paper aims to investigate the relationship between business strategy and readability in Indonesia. This study uses a sample of 681 firm-year observations from the firms listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) between 2006 and 2017 for the 2010-2017 business strategy score. Data are processed using ordinary least square regression to establish the analysis result. This study finds that business strategy has a positive and significant relationship with annual report readability. These findings suggest that firms with more complex strategy produce less readable annual report while firms following less complex strategy generate better annual report readability. Business strategy influences a firm's operating complexity and environmental uncertainty, resulting in the variance of disclosures readability and complexity. This study results in the policymakers, investors, auditors and other stakeholders to consider a firm's business strategy in comprehending the annual report regarding decision-making.
Artykuł ma na celu zbadanie związku między strategią biznesową a czytelnością w Indonezji. W tym badaniu wykorzystano próbę 681 rocznych obserwacji firm notowanych na indonezyjskiej giełdzie papierów wartościowych (IDX) w latach 2006-2017 dla oceny strategii biznesowej 2010-2017. Dane są przetwarzane przy użyciu zwykłej regresji najmniejszych kwadratów w celu ustalenia wyniku analizy. Z badania wynika, że strategia biznesowa ma pozytywny i istotny związek z czytelnością raportu rocznego. Wyniki te sugerują, że firmy o bardziej złożonej strategii generują mniej czytelny raport roczny, podczas gdy firmy stosujące mniej złożoną strategię generują lepszą czytelność raportu rocznego. Strategia biznesowa wpływa na złożoność operacyjną firmy i niepewność środowiskową, powodując różnice w czytelności i złożoności ujawnień. Badanie to skłania decydentów, inwestorów, audytorów i innych interesariuszy do rozważenia strategii biznesowej firmy przy zrozumieniu rocznego raportu dotyczącego podejmowania decyzji.
Content available Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski
Cardinal Wyszyński was a defender of every individual, family, nation and Church during the time of communist enslavement of Poland. He was an ardent defender of the truth with regard to human being and its dignity, he constantly emphasized the significance of respecting basic rights and obligations of men, and strongly demanded the observance of these rights when the state violated them. Furthermore, he was radical defender of the freedom of human persons, families, nation and the Church, indicating that only in freedom can they truly develop and fulfill their vocation and goals. He constantly reminded us of the need for justice made in the spirit of love with regard to every individual, family and nation. He clearly defined the tasks and duties of the state and the Church in relation to every human person that should be regarded as the highest value in the world, as well as towards families that are to be considered the cradle of the nation, and towards the nation that he regarded as a family of families sui generis. Additionaly he emphasized that the Church has a unique role to perform in relation to these communities, bringing into their existence not only the supernatural dimension, sanctifying God’s grace, salvation, but also the natural dimension consisting in the care of the Church for the national raison d’etat. Last but not least, in his view, the Church must be free and independent in its activities to be able to perform its religious and social role properly. The Primate indicated the need for cooperation between the state and the Church for the benefit of man, family and nation. When the communist state did not fulfill its role and acted against the rights of citizens, especially believers, against families and nation, he radically opposed these actions, demanding respect for dignity, rights, truth, freedom and justice with regard to every human person, family and family of families – that is the nation.
The article provides an overview of scientific, scientific-methodological developments and a description of individual linguo-axiological, linguo-praxeological aspects of linguistic and methodological training of the future teachers of Ukrainian language and literature for extracurricular activities in patriotic education, that are carried out at A. S. Makarenko Sumy State Pedagogical University. Such methods were used in the article: generalization of scientific sources, pedagogical observation, analysis of educational programs, own experience at the methodology classes of Ukrainian language in higher school. It was determined that among the competences the possession of the state language was very essential for the personality of a citizen and patriot of the Ukrainian state formation. The language teacher by means of Ukrainian language trains students both as active nationally conscious citizens of an open, democratic and independent Ukraine and as citizens of the world. A circle of linguistic culture as one of the forms of extracurricular activities contributes to the formation of linguo-cultural competence of students. The linguistic and methodological training of the future language teachers to the patriotic education at school should synthesize the ideas of practice-oriented, personally-oriented, axiological approaches. In this context, the module on linguistic and cultural extracurricular activities in the magistracy is considered as a process of mastering by the students of a set of linguistic and cultural knowledge as well as skills and abilities, norms of conduct, considering the principles of national identification, socialization, humanization and multiculturalism. The forms of work with students and sample tasks were also presented. The emphasis is made on the analysis of normative documents. The concept of “patriotism” is outlined in the expressions of such tokens as honor, dignity, duty, defender in vocabulary reference books, and in the scientific and journalistic writings of O. Zakharenko, H. Filipchuk.
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