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EN
In our days, when nearly every cultural institution has a website, it is time to focus on quality. Quality does not only depend on technology, it is equally connected with well organized content, continuous maintenance and the monitoring of user needs. The EU-funded Minerva project defines ten quality principles for cultural sites. Sites should be transparent, effective, maintained, accessible, user-centered, responsive, multi-lingual, interoperable, managed and preserved. In March 2005, a quality test was carried out among six Hungarian cultural sites at the request of the Minerva working group on the quality of websites. All the examined websites have proved highly accessible and effective. However, the general challenges for the tested sites were the following: 1. Mission statement missing, or not on the front page 2. Crumbtrail, or sitemap missing 3. Multilingual equals with bilingual 3. Users are not involved by the planning 4. User-forums are missing 5. Problems with using metadata standards and OAI-PMH protocols 6. Media migration plan and disaster recovery plan are missing.
EN
In our days, the importance of making valuable cultural content available on the Internet is increasing. Cultural institutions need to adapt to new user needs. The Minerva project - that Hungary joined from 2004 - was launched in order to coordinate and support digitisation activities at the European level. The project is based on the Lund Principles that were published in 2001. The programme of the project is known as the Lund Action Plan. The implementation itself started in 2002. For the supervision of the implementation of the principles, a permanent committee called the National Representatives Group was formed with the participation of experts from the member states. The individual tasks are carried out by international working groups that support the digitisation of cultural content by elaborating standards and guidelines. Hungary joined the MinervaPlus initiative in 2004 and its current involvement includes a study on the use of European multi-language websites and thesauri. The results show that 30,1% of the cultural websites in Europe are still published in one language only, 43,2% of them are bilingual and 26,7% are in multiple languages. The second or third language is most often English. There are 31 controlled vocabularies in the records so far. The final analysis of the results is expected in November 2004, after the meeting of the working group.
Mesto a dejiny
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2016
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tom 5
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nr 2
36 – 37
EN
Throughout the world cities after the fall of the totalitarian regimes deal with numerous issues that affect the everyday life of their inhabitants. The cities, which benefited from the economic direction of the totalitarian regime concerning selected sectors of the economy, may become sites on the periphery of events after several years. Conversely, the democratization of post-totalitarian societies associated with the opening of borders, free movement of persons, knowledge and technologies in a short time can affect the development of cities and towns stagnating in the previous era.
EN
By the opportunity of joining European Union, the authoress deals with the cultural identity and cultural heritage from the point of view of ethnology. According to her premise the traditional folk culture is considered to be a part of the national culture and as this it helps to constitute the cultural heritage of Slovakia. In the same time (as a fragment of the cultural memory) it interferes with a considerable part of the cultural identity and consciousness of the individual, communities and nation. In ethnographical and folkloristic areas she is looking for the answer to the question, what should be considered as cutural heritage and what are the possibilities of Slovakia to present it in the framework of ongoing processes of globalisation of European and world culture.
EN
MTA SZTAKI and iKron Ltd. released a new integrated library management system called Hunteka in 2002. The development of the system is based on the authoress development plans and on the valuable feedback of Hunteka users. In this paper, a new Hunteka module is described, the e-Library, available as an independent software called JaDoX too, developed by iKron Ltd. This module helps and simplifies digitisation work from document processing through standardized storage to publishing on the Internet. JaDoX is a platform-independent document handling system based on open standards. JaDoX editor helps to transform unstructured text sources into TEI-based XML documents after recognition and proofing preparation. The results can be easily uploaded to the JaDoX server by one key press or mouse click. The JaDoX server stores the documents in relational database. It serves the documents for browsing, searching and publishing methods, which can be initiated on the web user interface.
EN
The European Union has launched the Minerva project in order to coordinate and assess the digitization activities of the Member States. The project is being carried out in the framework of a ministerial network and funded by the European Commission. The steering body of the project is the National Representatives Group (NRG) that assembles twice a year during each presidency. The current article presents the aims and functions of the NRG.
EN
Nowadays traditional folk culture is presented in variety of forms, in different cultural activities and program characteristics. We were focused on the Turiec region and its cultural activities such as markets, commemorations, folk festivals, scenic festivals, activities in museums and chosen annual traditions. Because of diversity of institutional and informal subjects that initiate and organize these activities, the emphasis is put on their attraction or extraordinary features than on the origination and purity. The aim is to differ from other towns or villages and to invite as many visitors as possible.
EN
A large number of studies within the social sciences have been devoted to the relationship between cultural heritage and cultural/ heritage tourism development in recent years and even decades. This area of study has been an object of interest for numerous disciplines, from economics, geography, sociology and history, to ethnology, sociocultural anthropology, museology and cultural studies. The study aims to present selected theories on cultural heritage and heritage tourism based on recent theoretical concepts, and to reflect their implementation within a particular national and regional context based on a case study of the Banská Bystrica Self-Governing Region, Slovakia.
EN
The article deals with the latest developments in the field of the digitisation of European cultural and scientific heritage. It presents the Dynamic Action Plan worked out by the National Representatives Group of the Member States, made up of experts of ministries and/or institutions engaged in cultural digitisation. It also examines the European Commission's Recommendations on the digitisation and online accessibility of cultural content and digital preservation, as well as the Council's Conclusion on this topic. The author gives indications on the activities that a Member State - like Hungary - should pursue in order to meet the requirements of the Information Society in the cultural area.
EN
The article covers the period between 1918 and 1939. The first part explains the normative acts which were the basis for nature conservation and cooperation between the Ministry of Religious Denominations and Public Enlightenment, the Polish Natural Science Museum in Warsaw, and the State Council for Nature Conservation. The second part presents the editorial activities of the State Council for Nature Conservation (the chairman of which was the Minister of Religious Denominations and Public Enlightenment) concerning nature conservation. The authors of the publication are: Seweryn Dziubałtowski, Karol Domin, Andrzej Czudek, rev. Henryk Weryński, and Jan Sokołowski. The publication also includes the Act of March 10, 1934 on nature conservation, the provisions of this act being popular in Poland at that time due to the fact that the majority of the population were mainly peasants. 60% of Polish inhabitants lived in rural areas and worked on the land.
Konštantínove listy
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2021
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tom 14
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nr 1
184 - 193
EN
The article analyzes the issues of using the linguistic corpus to research Cyril’s and Methodius’s cultural heritage and Church Slavonic texts: the text is considered as the main point for analyzing the history of the Church Slavonic language. The author names topical issues for the research of the Church Slavonic language in the area of Slavia Ortodoxa, and demonstrates the possibilities of using corpus linguistics and its methods in the research of ancient and modern Church Slavonic texts. The article substantiates the theoretical and methodological possibility of analyzing linguistic phenomena (based on the text-centric principle) with the methods of corpus language research. The author analyzes the explanatory possibilities of modern text-oriented corpus linguistics and describes the dynamics of the text-centric approach in modern linguistic developments. The methodological connection of linguistics of Church Slavonic discourse with the corpus method of its research is explained.
EN
Chilejkars are one of the most famous ethnographic groups in Slovakia. The traditional symbols of Chilejkars identity are Slovak nationality, Catholic religion, a specific dialect within the Tekov dialect, women ś folk clothing, a sense of belonging, local patriotism and the relationship to land and property. The cultural heritage of village Čajkov is currently used to different extents and in different ways. Either almost unchanged, somewhat adapted, it exists in its natural environment, or modified, with entirely different functions and opportunities, or in practical life, it has completely disappeared and exists only latently.
EN
The paper deals with the latest perspectives in cultural heritage research. It looks at reasons of an increasing interest in cultural heritage in the era of globalisation as well as at threats that turn heritage into a profitable commodity. It presents a number of cultural heritage definitions. All of them show cultural heritage as a bond between past, present and future generations that is preserved by transmission of knowledge of tangible and intangible cultural forms. The paper brings an overview of the latest theoretical approaches to the study of heritage and of the most frequent themes and topics in the research of cultural heritage in Europe.
EN
The Virtual Library Eastern Europe has been launched as the result of a collaborative project of several prestigious academic institutions and with support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Besides the Ludwig-Maximilian University, this virtual library also supports research and studies related to the countries and regions of Eastern Europe. The portal offers a broad range of services and enhanced features to researchers and students. In addition to literature search, it provides full texts and allows for electronic publishing of texts. Events calendar, experts' database and educational resources are also included in the services. Future plans include the extension of services based on cooperative input from the partner institutions in Germany and other countries. Staff of the virtual research library is actively involved in the research work itself.
15
Content available remote BLENDED SPACES IN MIRCEA CĂRTĂRESCU’S NOVEL “BLINDING. THE LEFT WING”
80%
World Literature Studies
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2021
|
tom 13
|
nr 4
106 - 116
EN
Romanian criticism has discussed from various perspectives of Mircea Cărtărescu’s belonging to postmodernism. We advance a new idea in the overall exegesis of his work, which is that his prose revisits cultural references from the 17th century (the image of the citadels of Desiderio Monsu), the 18th century (Piranesi’s prisons), the tormented history of the 19th century, the cities of New Orleans, the Mississippi region, or the grotesque visions of El Greco or Biblical images, even the criminology of Gall or Lambroso, by means of spatiality. The fundamental thesis that we prove by analysing Cărtărescu’s novel “Blinding. The Left Wing”, is that interdiscursivity is realized by means of spatial dialogue, which becomes an essential element in sketching out the architectural or artistic discourse according to the literary one. Starting out from the theoretical framework represented by “constitutive intertextuality” and reaching “blended spaces”, the space generated by Mircea Cărtărescu’s prose is configured by interdiscursivity.
Mesto a dejiny
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2016
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tom 5
|
nr 2
50 – 67
EN
This paper deals with the issue of the New Towns built in the 1950s in East Germany and Yugoslavia, in particular Eisenhüttenstadt in Germany and Velenje in Slovenia. The authors would argue that socialist New Towns have gained historical and public recognition over recent decades and seem to have adopted a sense of heritage, both on the local and national levels. This article discusses the interpretations and recognition of (post-) socialist towns as places of cultural and historical value, as well as the post-socialist practices of the locals with regard to the cultural heritage of their towns. The national and local recognition of both New Towns reflect their position at the time of their planning and building in the 1950s. Eisenhüttenstadt was a showcase town for East Germany and has currently been (inter-) nationally recognised as a new, model town, while lacking a local sense of heritage. On the other hand, plans for the new town centre of Velenje, its financing and construction, were initiated by the local authorities and the Coal Mine Company managers, with the substantial assistance of the town’s residents. While the New Town of Velenje immediately started to cultivate its mining identity, as well as the value of being a town built with the voluntary contribution of its residents, the heritage of Velenje being a new, modern town was and is discussed and contested locally and only partly nationally.
EN
The localities of Vysná and Nizná Boca emerged in 13th century as mining settlements. Since 17th century the mining there had been declining until it disappeared in 19th century. As a source of living it had been replaced by meadow farming, cattle breeding, shepherding and logging. Since 1950s people have been leaving Vysná and Nizná Boca in a search of job in the cities, until the number of inhabitants radically decreased. Cattle breeding and shepherding diminished. Empty houses and meadow stalls were purchased by people from bigger cities who began to use them for recreational purpose. These changes led to the third transformation of economy and life style in Vysná and Nizná Boca. The function of cultural heritage and cultural memory has also changed: they became the main pillars of contemporary tourism.
EN
Cultural potential of regions might significantly influence the creation of job opportunities for inhabitants through cultural tourism. As one of the main bearers of the cultural exchange it contributes to the incorporation of cultural heritage into the present and to his use within the economic and cultural development of the regions. Therefore, it is important to implement the basic principles of sustainable development: to study, to preserve and to exploit creatively the natural and cultural potential of regions as a source of economic income and a basis of the local identity as well as the image for marketing of localities. It is important also to harmonize the social, economic and environmental aspects of the development, i. e. to struggle for a balanced development based on the protection and development of traditional local values. The initiative of the creation of the development programs should come from the local or regional authorities. At the same time the professional consulting - active participation of experts - is necessary.
EN
The preservation of digital cultural heritage is a task that every country needs to take charge of. Digitally born cultural objects that are exclusively published on the Internet merit special attention, as these documents are the most fragile. The extent, as well as the complex and changeable nature of the Internet and its most popular service, the World Wide Web represent an extraordinary challenge from archiving point of view. Carrying out the task - or at least parts of it - needs to be based on the long-term and continuous collaboration of various partner institutions: public collections, especially the national library, major Internet and content providers, IT developer institutes and companies, as well as the appropriate governmental bodies. This paper gives an overview of the international issues of Internet archiving and proposes the first steps towards the creation of a Hungarian Internet Archive.
EN
The article introduces Kuldīga Regional Museum situated in the picturesque town in the west part of Latvia. The museum stands in the place of the old castle of the Livonian Order, while the building itself dates back to the early 20th century. The museum’s history as well as its art collection and interiors are presented in the article.
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