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This aim of this study is to investigate eating attitudes among athletes who do active exercise. The study was conducted with 161 individuals 19±1.86 years of age who are students at Atatürk University Sport Sciences Faculty in Erzurum. Two different scales were applied to individuals participating in the study. The first applied scale is the ID form which is tdesigned o obtain personal information. The second scale applied is the Eating Attitude Test (EAT) which is to determine eating disorders and eating attitudes. The analysis of acquired datas is done using SPSS (version 22) and Significance for statistical datas was selected being p<0.05. As a result of study, individuals participating in the study’s EAT levels were found to be fairly high. According to these results, it can be said that Athletes have eating disorders. Nevertheless, there were no significant differences in EAT levels according to state of family income, abode,smoking, or alcohol use.
The main rationale behind this study was to explore perception of pupil-teachers’ regarding micro-teaching sessions in Indian scenario. The participants of the study were 200 pupil teachers of B.Ed colleges of Chaudhary Devilal University Sirsa, Haryana. The tool used in the study for data collection was a 15-item questionnaire developed by the researcher with the help of supervisor. The findings revealed that the entire sample of student teachers has not favourable attitude towards Microteaching and they were of opinion that although Microteaching sessions provides a scope to enhance their teaching competencies for real teaching sessions yet there is scope for some drastic changes in this programme. Based on the findings, suggestions were made for improving Microteaching technique so that they can face classroom situation without fear.
Introduction Surgical treatment and radiotherapy can prolong the life expectancy of women with breast cancer but also might have side effects on heart rate variability. Currently breast cancer treatment has contributed to significant improvements in survival rate, but negative effects on the psycho-emotional state and functionality of the autonomic nervous system of these interventions in women is high. We aimed to investigate the heart rate variability features in breast cancer survivors who have varied attitudes towards the disease. Material and methods Heart rate variability analysis, determination of various attitudes towards the disease, and mathematical statistical methods. The survey of 110 breast cancer survivors was conducted utilizing Type of Attitude Toward The Disease questionnaire. The women were executed radical mastectomy and adjuvant radiation treatment for breast cancer. Patients aged between 56 and 60 years. Results The results of our study showed that patients with a rational type of attitude towards disease had statistically (p<0.05) better parameters of heart rate variability. Values of standard deviation of the N-N interval, root mean square of successive differences, total power, high-frequency range, and stress index were much better in patients with rational type of attitude as compared with the women who had intrapsychic and interpsychic attitudes. Conclusions These data show that identified features of various attitudes towards the disease in breast cancer survivors clarify the necessity for particular attention to their heart rate variability parameters.
This Study examined the level of awareness, perception and attitude of senior secondary school towards water in Chanchanga Local Government Area of Niger state. Three research questions were formulated for this study. The research questions addressed three parameters which are awareness, perception and attitude. Questionnaires were shared among senior secondary school students, which were used to assess the level of awareness, perception and awareness towards water. The results obtained from this study, were subjected to statistical analysis. The analysis revealed that, there is a significant level of awareness, perception and attitude towards water among senior secondary school students in Chanchanga Local Government Area of Niger State.
Objectives: To determine the knowledge, attitude, and practices of Lebanese married women toward food safety and to assess the correlation of these factors with socio-demographic characteristics. Methods: The evaluation forms of the “Five Keys to Safer Food Manual” of the WHO (World Health Organization) were administered to 516 Lebanese married women living in Beirut and Mount Lebanon between December 2017 and May 2018. The questionnaire is divided into three sections: food safety knowledge (11 questions), attitude (10 questions), and practices (10 questions). A score was calculated for each section with one point for every correct answer. Findings: The mean of knowledge score was 8.23 ± 1.59 over 11, the attitude score was 7.43 ± 1.82 over 10, and the behavior score was 6.69 ± 2.32 over 10. The relationship between the knowledge score and other scores was weak (with behavior score r = 0.222 and attitude score r = 0.260; p-value <0.005). Knowledge and attitude scores were higher than practices score. Food safety knowledge, attitude and practices did not differ with age nor the number of kids. Years of marriage and employment only influenced practices. Frequency of cooking influenced knowledge and behavior. The main food safety problems were found in separating raw from cooked food, cooking food to the right temperature and keeping food at safe temperature whether hot-holding or thawing. Conclusions: Knowledge of food safety measures might not reflect good food safety practices. Therefore, there is a need to highlight the importance of safe practices and prevention of foodborne illnesses.
W dobie postępującego procesu globalizacji obserwuje się skłonność do zachowania indywidualizacji w wyborze środków zaspokojenia potrzeb oraz dążenie do utrzymania narodowej tożsamości poprzez przyjmowanie postawy etnocentrycznej w sferze konsumpcji. W obliczu postępującej internacjonalizacji rynku ubezpieczeń w Polsce zrozumienie postaw konsumenckich wobec krajowych i zagranicznych usługodawców staje się kluczowe. W artykule zaprezentowano przeprowadzoną procedurę typologii, podjętą w oparciu o poziom tendencji etnocentrycznych konsumentów na omawianym rynku. W toku zastosowanej analizy skupień zostały wyodrębnione trzy typy konsumentów. Wskazano również istotność uzyskanej wiedzy na temat etnocentrycznych postaw konsumentów indywidualnych na rynku usług ubezpieczeniowych z punktu widzenia praktyki rynkowej.
In the era of globalization and increasing number of companies operating internationally, consumers are not isolated from these changes and make certain adaptive decisions such as preference of local service providers in the form of ethnocentric attitude. As a result, with growing internationalization of insurance services market in Poland understanding of consumer attitudes towards domestic and foreign institutions appears to be crucial. The article presents the results of typology of consumers’ attitudes towards domestic and foreign companies in Polish insurance market. Final set of three profiles is identified with the use of k-means clustering method. It was also underlined how the knowledge about consumer ethnocentric attitudes can be valuable from a managerial point of view.
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