The aim of the present study was to test the hypotheses that (1) the personality disposition of action versus state orientation (i.e., a form of affect regulation) moderates the relationship between stressful life events and building of motive-congruent goals as well as between stress and well-being, and (2) motive-incongruent goal orientations influence well-being negatively. Managers (N = 120) were sampled. The main results were: First, no significant interaction effect of action orientation and life stress on well-being or motive-incongruent goal orientations was found. This was due to a strong action orientation and a low level of stress in the sample used (p < .001 when compared with norm). Because of restricted variance, the moderator hypotheses could not be supported or refuted. Second, motive-incongruent goal orientations correlated with well-being only when action orientation was checked. Thus, action orientation was found to be beneficial for well-being because it suppressed the negative effect of motive-incongruent goal orientations.
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between affect regulation styles and decision making in health-care professionals. The authors suppose that emotions and affect regulation are closely connected with decision making in the professional situations. 133 health-care professionals participated in the study which employed Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, Measure of Affect Regulation Styles, Multidimensional Health States Scale and subjective measure of decision making effectiveness. Using the cluster analysis, the authors derived a typology of four types based on affect regulation strategies and well-being and ill-being variables. The individual types were compared in regard to decision making styles and decision self-efficacy. The results showed that highest subjective effectiveness and vigilance were found in types with high cognitive and behavioural engagement. Low subjective effectiveness with high hyper-vigilance, buck-passing and procrastination were found in types with low use of all affect regulation strategies, especially when they were connected with the higher ill-being.