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2
Content available Meandry systematyki mikrosporydiow
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EN
Meanders of systematics of Microsporidia. Taxonomical questions of Microsporidia, its systematic position and evolutionary relationship with other Eukaryota are discussed. Utilizations of modern methods of investigations of microsporidians cause new taxonomical troubles. At the present time it is difficult to create a clear hypothesis concerning the phylogeny and evolution of Microsporidia. Most likely they are representatives of a new kingdom of Eukaryota. Existing problems will not be dissolved until new detailed data concerning the new and common species are obtained.
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Content available Molekularne mechanizmy lekoopornosci pasozytow
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EN
In spite of the enormous achievements of medical and biological sciences, parasites still constitute important medical and veterinary problem. One of the main obstacles in the treatment and eradication of human and animals parasitic diseases is drug resistance of parasites. This phenomenon has more and more frequently been described both in medical and veterinary practice. The application of numerous molecular biology techniques in modern parasitological laboratories have enabled the investigations of parasites at the DNA level. The results of these studies have revolutionised our knowledge and made possible the recognition of not only the reasons and extent of genetic differentiation of parasites but also the recognition of genetic and molecular mechamisms of drug resistance. The results of many studies showed interspecific, interpopulational, and even intrapopulational heterogeneity of parasites in their sensitivity to antiparasitic drugs. Moreover, it has been found that in various parasites there often exist different molecular bases of the drug resistance. The review concerns different molecular mechanisms of drug resistance in selected parasite taxa (Schistosoma spp., Haemonchus contortus, Leishmania spp., Plasmodium falciparum, Entamoeba histolytica).
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Content available Wirusy pasozytniczych pierwotniakow
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EN
The authors present the actual review on several publications concerning the molecular characterizations of the viruses found in parasitic protozoa such as Giardia, Trichomonas, Leishmania and Entamoeba histolytica. All of the RNA viruses observed in parasitic protozoa showed several similarities and did not considerably differ from the viruses found in simple eukaryotic cells; they closely correspond to dsRNA viruses of yeast. The supposition that the protozoan symbionts detected in laboratories transfer to their hosts in natural conditions seemed to be rational, though, there are no evidences that these symbionts are potential pathogens. However, the opinion reiterates that intestinal protozoa (e.g. Entamoeba histolytica) may serve as vectors for HIV or cofactors of HIV infection. The authors point out that irrespective of the potential role of viruses as vectors in the transfection system for parasitic protozoa, the observed viral system constitutes an unusual experimental system to solve the problems of gene expression.
EN
A rapid method for preparing semipermanent glycerol-jelly parasite mounts. A rapid method for preparing semipermanent glycerol-jelly mounts of monogeneans, digeneans, nematodes, acanthocephalans, and crustaceans is presented.
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Content available Przeciwciala Toxoplasma gondii
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EN
The paper presents antigenic structure of T. gondii tachyzoites and bradyzoites in respect of potential use of some chosen antigens for diagnostic and immunoprophylactic purposes.
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Content available Analiza zymodemów pasożytniczych
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