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Content available remote Ossification of renal cell carcinoma: a favorable marker
Although foci of calcification in renal cell carcinoma is frequently observed, ossification is extremely rare and may be a marker for favorable prognosis. We report a case of renal cell carcinoma with a focus of ossification; this case was not detected with imaging techniques prior to surgery and diagnosed initially on pathologic examination, unlike other cases. If the radiographic evaluation for ossification is inconclusive but the mass is extremely hard to palpate or difficult to cut, the surgeon should remember the favorable prognosis of such lesions and might consider a limited procedure such as partial nephrectomy while waiting for pathological analysis.
We analyzed the clinicopathological features and survival rates of the patients with renal cell carcinoma younger than 50 years old. Between 2004 and 2007, 28 patients between 19–49 years underwent surgery for renal cell carcinoma. Presenting symptoms, type of the surgery performed, postoperative outcomes and duration of follow-up were recorded. Mean age was 41.5±7.6 years and 75% of patients were male. The tumor was symptomatic in 19(67.9%) and incidental in 9(32.1%) patients. Radical nephrectomy and nephron-sparing surgery were performed in 18(64.3%) and 10(35.7%) patients, respectively. The most common histologic type was clear cell(67.9%). The mean tumor diameters were 3.5±0.95 and 7.4±5.2 cm in the incidental and symptomatic groups, respectively(p=0.035). Incidentally discovered tumors and tumors treated by NSS did not include Fuhrman grade 4. There were no differences regarding pathological stage and Fuhrman grades when patients were grouped according to their symptomatology(p=0.242 and p=0.265, respectively). Overall mortality was 17.9%(n=5) whereas 4 patients(14.3%) died because of cancer. The mean survival was 30.6 months and cancer specific survival rate was 85.2%. Most of the tumors in this age group were symptomatic and most common histologic subtype was clear cell carcinoma. Incidentally discovered tumors had statistically significant lower tumor size.
Renal cell carcinoma to the uterus is rare. We describe a 52-year old lady who presented with progressive abdominal distension and computerized tomogram scan of the abdomen showing two pathologies; uterine and right renal tumour. It was initially thought to be two distinct tumours (double pathology). Radical nephrectomy and total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed concurrently. Histopathological evaluation of the uterine and right renal tumour however surprised us with a rare form of metastasis from a renal tumour to the uterus. The method of differentiating primary renal cell carcinoma with uterine metastasis, from primary uterine carcinoma with renal metastasis, via immunohistochemistry, is described.
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