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EN
The present study discusses the issue of a relationship between the fictional world of a prose narrative and the real topography of Prague. The main aim of the paper is to point out the difficulties springing from making uncritical connections between fictional entities and real objects or places, which happens not just during casual reading, whose equivalent in literary theory is Umberto Eco’s term “empirical author,” but also in certain strands of literary criticism, influenced mainly by positivism and psychologism. In the specific analysis of Jakub Arbes’s romanetto Saint Xaverius, the present author’s ambition is not to manifest programmatically the autonomy of fiction, but rather to undertake a critical reading that should lead to an understanding of this dichotomy as an issue of the modality of fiction.
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Content available remote Literární geografie: problém Máchových krajin
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EN
The article analyzes literary landscape in the work of Karel Hynek Mácha, specifically, it focuses on the way in which the landscape in the poem Máj and in the prose Cikáni has been interpreted through history. Using specific interpretative case studies, it illustrates the chronological change in the interpretation of Mácha’s landscape, which range from the first attempts to reconcile literary landscape with real topographies to the increasing independence of the literary representation. The author of the article interprets mimetic reading of Mácha’s landscapes as an expression of the contemporary effort to strengthen the consciousness of national self-identity based on a cultural continuity demarcated not only historically but also territorially.
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The aim of this essay, which deals with the novel Medvědí román (The Bear Novel) by Jiří Kratochvíl, is to describe and analyse the way how unreliable narration works. The narrative structure of the given text is constructed according to a “terrace-like hierarchy” that generates several mutual related narrative levels. In other words, what we face here is a multiple meta-narration. The unreliability of the text follows from narrator’s features that are traditionally attributed to him, i.e. especially his ability to give us relevant information about the world he exists in. The narrator’s strongly subjective modal attitude towards the fictional world results in the way we interpret him and accordingly in the fact that we call him unreliable. Besides its commonly detectable features unreliability is also based on the above mentioned macro-compositional technique, that is, a meta-narration. In that case the category of unreliability is derived from the narrator’s ontological status that at none of the narrative levels appears to be ontologically definitive. On the contrary, the mechanism has the ability to generate other and higher levels of narrators.
EN
The paper focuses on a textual analysis of Jiří Drašnar´s novel Desperados of the information age, attempting to determine the devices and narrative mechanisms by means of which the double, or rather triple cultural space is configured in the text – a space which is in its basic role manifests itself as an oscillation between indigenous and foreign spaces. The spatial aspect is discussed with respect to one of the contemporary trends of literary theory, the so-called spatial turn, which presents a methodological-thematic link in the post-colonial thought.
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The paper is focused on the memory books by czech writer Ignát Herrmann, especially on the problem of border between nonfiction and fictional narrative. Herrmann drawn up his memory books as factual narrative, however but in some parts of his texts we can observe interesting narrative techniques, which shifts the narration towards fictionality. Our goal in this study is detected this parts and analysis them on the background not only the others parts, which are represented factual narration, but in compare with fictional narration by Jan Neruda.  
CS
Studie je zaměřena na vzpomínkové knihy Ignáta Herrmanna, zejména na problematiku hranice mezi non-fikčním a fikčním vyprávěním. Herrmann svoje knihy vzpomínek koncipoval jako faktuální vyprávění, nicméně v některých jeho částech lze pozorovat zvláštní narativní techniky, jež fikcionalizují vyprávění. Naším cílem je tyto části detekovat a analyzovat na pozadí nejen ostatního Herrmannova faktuálního vyprávění, ale také ve srovnání s fikčním u Jana Nerudy.
Studia Slavica
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2013
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tom 17
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nr 2
141-152
EN
The article discusses two mystery novellas: The Grey-Eyed Demon by Jakub Arbes (1840–1914) and Michaela by Miloš Urban (b. 1967). Although the gap between the two texts is more than 130 years, a common influence of gothic novel is discernible in both of them. Each of the works, however, adapts this influence in different cultural and literary contexts. Arbes entered the world of Czech literature in the 1860s and his ambition was to create a genre of prose narrative that would be able to absorb both the techniques of high literature and the elements of popular reading. By achieving this, he wanted to create a modern literary genre. The Grey-Eyed Demon is an exemplary case of such an encounter. In this text, Arbes makes use of the devices of gothic fiction, whose romantic itinerary, however, the author tries to transform into a realistic mode of representation. Theencounter of two different sets of artistic techniques and principles in this romanetto, however, is not without some difficulties, represented by striking „seams“ that are discernible especially on the thematic and narrative levels. It is not without interest that, in the same year, Arbes published an important romanetto, entitled Saint Xaverius, in which these dividing lines are not as obvious – indeed, Saint Xaverius is one of the peaks of Arbes’s oeuvre. Urban’s novella is a different case of contextualisation of gothic fiction. Urban makes use of the genre’s devices in post-modern fiction, in which they serve an entirely different purpose. In this case, it is an indexical reference (thematisation) to an older genre, which had lost its direct lineage in literature. This reference takes place within a post-modern tendency, which might be understood as discourse overlapping, a palimpsest-like quality, a semantic game based on re-contextualisation of historicising themes, motifs and other elements.
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Content available remote Vybraná problematika z autorské lexikografie:
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EN
The present paper explores the topic of authorial dictionaries – a subject rarely discussed in Czech academic discourse. The aim of the study is to present several forms of authorial dictionaries, focusing mainly on current and up-to-date methods. At the beginning, the study explores two viewpoints (J. Mattausch and H. E. Wiegand) of the taxonomy of authorial dictionaries, of which the second is subjected to slightly stronger criticism. The article also looks at the development of this special lexicographical discipline. Finally, the paper mentions future perspectives of modern corpus devices in the sphere of authorial lexicography.
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Content available Světelné a barevné ladění Nervalovy Sylvie
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EN
In my paper I focus on motifs of colours and lights in a short romantic prose Sylvie by Gerard de Nerval. Using the tool of dispersion analysis I explain the ways in which these motifs influence the compositional principles of the prose. In this respect, I pay special attention to two of these principles which could be considered crucial elements for the composition of the prose: contrast and parallelism. From a functional perspective, as I demonstrate further, both principles complement each other in various segments of the text in many sophisticated ways. As a result, it should be stipulated that these compositional principles are interconnected with the set of various motifs and together with them contribute to the global dream-like atmosphere of the novel.
EN
The paper discusses the narrative position in Nerval’s Aurelia and the important aspect of a dream. It is very questionable to differentiate between fictional speak and space and non-fiction-al. From this ensign rise unique reference about experience with wakeful dream (day vision) by Nerval. We cannot unequivocally say if the dream pertains to fiction or to reality. This textual strategy evokes experience of double words: between fiction and reality, which the wakeful dream (day vision) has basic role on the word modality.
Bohemistyka
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2011
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tom 11
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nr 2
97-112
EN
Author describes a way of construction of literary space in the short story of J. Čep entitled Polní tráva. He emphasizes meaning of prose rhythm described by a writer. Rhythm is the most important component of construction, not only stylistic, but above all of structural and semantic construction of described text. Author is especially looking at scenery, which is a dominating topic of J. Čep’s short story.
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EN
The present survey, which focuses on selected methods of quantitative corpus analysis applied to literary texts, asks to what extent it is useful to employ quantification and statistics in literary studies. The study discusses two basic ways in which quantitative corpus methods might be utilized. The first of these is macroanalysis, a method employing research into a large base of material. Its results provide empirical data about the macrostructural behaviour of predominantly the developmental tendencies and characteristics of a given literary category. The second is microanalysis, which focuses on smaller textual units, for instance, a group of texts by the same author. Its aim is to analyze empirically structural patterns within these texts. The research questions posed in studies using both methods include issues related to theme, authorship, narrative discourse, or gender. The study stresses the importance of employing these methods critically. Quantification must always be accompanied by relevant interpretation, based on appropriate methods of literary criticism.
EN
The study presents a model for a dictionary based on the work of Jan Čep in the context of Czech authorial dictionaries and quantitative research on fiction texts. Designed to make a functional link between perspectives from linguistics and literary criticism perspectives, the dictionary with its conception, purposes and type is a part of the development of Czech authorial lexicography. It is the first project of its kind among frequency author-based dictionary that is aimed at providing tools for literary criticism to pre-interpret literary texts in a functional, objectivized way. The dictionary, however, is not (and cannot be) a substitute for the actual critical analysis of literary texts.
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