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Content available remote Dietary habits and physical self-concept of elite rhythmic gymnasts
Study aim: To identify main differences in nutrient patterns, food preferences and physical self-concept between the world's elite rhythmic gymnasts and untrained controls.Material and methods: A group of elite rhythmic gymnasts (n = 103) aged 15 - 21 years volunteered to participate in the study during the 2003 World Championships in Rhythmic Gymnastics (Budapest, Hungary). A selected group of 113 untrained schoolgirls aged 15 - 18 years served as controls. Typical eating habits and physical self-concept were assessed by applying a questionnaire containing questions on dietary habits and on self-concept (taken from the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale).Results: The female gymnasts had significantly lower (p<0.01) body mass and BMI than their untrained mates. The levels of physical self-concept were similar in both groups. Rhythmic gymnasts declared eating lunch and dinner, as well as eating sweets, eating excessively and liking eating, less frequently than their untrained mates (p<0.01).Conclusion: Attaining a perfect body by elite gymnasts may mean a very high cost associated with poor dietary habits and inadequate nutrient intake.
Study aim: To assess the physical self-concept, trait depression and readiness for physical activity in relation to the degree of obesity.Material and methods: Obese (Grade I and II; n = 59) and morbidly obese (Grade III; n = 42) patients aged 30 - 66 years, as well as 83 non-obese college students aged 30 ± 7.3 years were studied. Physical self-concept, trait depression and readiness for physical activity were determined apart from anthropometric measurements including body fat content.Results: Physical self-concept was inversely associated with the degree of obesity. Morbidly obese (Grade III) who were more satisfied with their body were also more ready for physical activity (r = 0.394; p<0.01). Trait depression and physical self-concept were negatively correlated in both groups.Conclusion: Body satisfaction may play an important role in the protection against depression and enhance the readiness for physical activity of obese patients.
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