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The paper outlines the semantics of the Hungarian auxiliary + infinitive structure in the cognitive linguistic framework of R. Langacker and B. Heine. The Hungarian auxiliary + infinitive structure is one way to construe a process in a composite semantic structure that represents the semantic functions of the finite verb in a clause, though in a morphosyntactically more complex and semantically more explicit way. The Hungarian auxiliary profiles (future) tense or modality, and the abstracted temporal relation, a process, while the infinitive comprises most of the semantic content of the whole event structure. Trajector and landmark as schematic participants are represented as shared in the two components. This construction is similar to the finite verb, though event structure, eventhood and schematic participants are not always elaborated to the degree they are in the case of a finite verb. Tense is denoted in a restricted way, and the use of modal auxiliaries is related to force dynamic relations.
The article is a Forschungsbericht, an overview of functional linguistics. The reader's attention is directed towards two highly elaborated and widely known schools of functional linguistics. One is the systemic-functional grammar of M. A. K. Halliday, the other one is the functional-typological grammar of Talmy Givon. The paper concentrates on the basic ideas and methods, and also on the structuring of grammar, for a better understanding of these linguistic theories and descriptive methodologies in Hungarian linguistics.
This paper presents the semantics of preverb-verb combinations as semantic structures in a cognitive linguistics framework. The presentation sketches a semantic description of prototypical preverb-verb combinations as the default case, using the methodology of Langacker's theory of semantic structure and composite structure, and as an implementation of blending elaborated by Fauconnier. The basis of discussion is the functional cognitive principle claiming that the meanings of linguistic units and expressions, as well as their structures emerging from their meanings, are of a semantic, eventually conceptual and empirical, origin. Accordingly, the general semantic characterisation of preverb-verb combinations is followed by the discussion of some sentence semantic issues involving such combinations.
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