The paper deals with the problem of socio-cultural change connected with the social conflict. The author emphasizes the problem of social agency and its position in the attempts to understand the dynamics and the character of socio-cultural changes. One of the possible attempts in catching the never-ending combats of the mankind, conflicting tensions in inter-group and inter-personal relations is the novel by Czech writer Vladimir Paral 'Milenci a vrazi' (Lovers and Murders). The construction of the Paral's novel is based on the model of combat between 'the conquerors' and 'the besieged', 'The Reds' and 'The Blue'. Similarly the author analyzes and interprets scientific publications by Sona Svecova, first of all her monograph from the year 1984, based on her long-term ethnographic research of the dispersed settlement in the highlands of Krupinska planina. Svecova analysed ethnographic data directly related to socio-cultural changes with very similar character to Paral's expressive interpretation.