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Cardiac myxomas are the most common primary benign tumors of the heart and appears particularly in the left atrium. Myxomas exhibit a wide spectrum of symptoms from asymptomatic to very serious according to the localisation of the tumours. Only 5% of these tumours occur in the right and left ventricles. We report an unusual case of a 21-year-old woman with a leukemia in remission, in whom routine transthorasic echocardiographic examination demonstrated an incidental left ventricular mass. The patient underwent successful resection of the left ventricular mass under cardiopulmonary bypass through the left atrial approach. Histopathologic examination was diagnostic for myxoma. In this case, the presentation of the mass was atypical for two reasons: the tumour was a cardiac myxoma in the left ventricular localisation and in a patient with leukemia in remission.
Content available remote The impact ofTegillarca granosaextract haishengsu on HL-60 cell
Haishengsu (Hss) is a purified protein from Tegillarca granosa that has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat cancer for more than a century. In this study, we observed the impact of Haishengsu (Hss) on the proliferation and differentiation of HL-60 cells in the leukemic cell line by taking tretinoin and AS2O3 as a positive control and making a comparative analysis between the effect of Hss and tretinoin and AS2O3. We found that Hss could significantly inhibit the proliferation of HL-60 cells and caused most of the cells to stay in the G0/G1 phase. Its effect was much stronger than that of tretinoin and AS2O3, and the ability of Hss to induce differentiation was close to tretinoin. Hss functions probably by inhibiting the expression of the Bcl-2 and MPO genes and further promoting the expression of the Bax gene. Hss has a significant effect on both inhibiting the proliferation and inducing the differentiation of HL-60 cells. It is possible that Hss may be a new kind of clinical differentiation inducer.
Content available remote Mathematical modeling of the competition between acquired immunity and cancer
In this paper we propose and analyse a model of the competition between cancer and the acquired immune system. The model is a system of integro-differential bilinear equations. The role of the humoral response is analyzed. The simulations are related to the immunotherapy of tumors with antibodies.
Objectives: Epidemiologic studies suggest an association between environmental exposure to benzene and hematologic cancers, but the relationship is not fi rmly established. The aim of this study was to assess the potential association between residence near hazardous waste sites containing benzene and hospitalization discharge rates for persons having hematologic cancers. Materials and Methods: We determined the number of hospital discharges of people with hematologic cancers in New York State except for New York City for the years 1993 to 2008. Descriptive statistics and negative binomial regression models were used to compare the rates of hospitalization of residents in zip codes containing hazardous waste sites containing benzene to the rates of discharges from residents in zip codes without waste sites. Results: When adjusting for potential confounders we found a 15% increase in the rate of hospitalization for chronic lymphatic leukemia (CLL) [rate ratio (RR): 1.15; 95% confi dence interval (CI): 1.00–1.33], a 22% increase in the rate of discharges for total leukemia (RR: 1.22; 95% CI: 1.04–1.43) and a 17% increase in the rate of discharges for total lymphoma (RR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.02–1.35) in the benzene exposed sites. We found greater effects of exposure in African Americans compared to Caucasians, females compared to males and people with higher socioeconomic status (SES) compared to those with lower SES for several of the diseases studied. Conclusions: After controlling for major confounders we found statistically signifi cant increases in discharge rates for several hematologic cancers in persons residing in zip codes containing benzene waste sites. These results provide additional support for a relationship between environmental exposure to benzene and risk of hematologic cancers.
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