The authoress attempts to differentiate the various ways in which the anthropology of literature and literary anthropology are understood in the humanities today. She surveys the various approaches to disciplines. She concentrates on presenting both concepts and showing the differences between them, reserving the term 'anthropology of literature' for the analysis of texts from a social anthropological perspective, and 'literary anthropology' for the texts based in philosophical anthropology.
Recently, the use of the term 'anthropology of literature' has been growing in the fields of social anthropology and language studies. As a result, it has become increasingly vague. The aim of this text is to survey the current Polish views on the anthropology of literature, both in practice and theory.
Modern narratology has helped reveal the meaning of anthropological texts. It is thus worth addressing the question of whether suitable interpretations of the referential layer in literary texts would not help us understand the culture to which the text refers. The proposed anthropology of literature, which has already been partially achieved, is an attempt to link the two disciplines and provides a methodological justification of the value of such a fusion.
The article analyses consequences and benefits of the research perspective taken by literary anthropology which, as the authoress claims, should be perceived as a reformulation of literary studies rather than a narrowly conceived research method. The article discusses mutual relationships between literary studies and anthropology with the focus on the theories conceiving literature as the only available form of anthropology (Wolfgang Iser). The anthropological perspective in literary studies, the author claims, should be aimed at extracting literary anthropology from literature.
The title refers to the ideas expressed in anthropology-related articles of this issue of our periodical as well as to the Introduction authoress' own reflections. The text utters casual afterthoughts on anthropology of literature, seen in the perspective of traditional literary science, set against the background of our contemporary culture as well as the achievements of neurosemiotics.