This past decade, we have been witnessing marked changes in the Slovak theatre, which are more about poetics and the manner of the theatrical production of our time rather than the institutional nature of the theatre. To put it differently - they relate to the sets of the knowledge of artistic devices creating different styles and directions in modern drama and dramatic expression of theatre artists. Would it be proper to talk about new trends? Artistic trends? Or would it be more appropriate to just talk about differences? Subsequent to 1989, the new socio-political and economic orientation has ushered in new themes and forms and eroded the well-established traditions of the Slovak theatre. It has prompted a dialogue between various economic and political systems on the one hand and artistic freedom on the other. Not all of us are prepared to approach this freedom as an opportunity to broaden up one's horizons of knowledge. This is especially true of the older generation of theatre artists who are not particularly keen to follow the modern theatre (but, there are also exceptions, and the best proof is the current edition of The Slovak Theatre), whereby they argue by making reference to similar trends in the 1960s and that, in fact, there is nothing novel about the current trends. However, as distinct from the 1960s, which foreshadowed hope, optimism, 'the free world' of our time is branded by terrorism, pessimism, disillusion... parallel to this enervation, we have been witnessing the theatre of rich thoughts, a poetic, lyric theatre laudating life... therefore, it is imperative to take note of all stimulating forces which influence the arts and be cognizant of their connections which go beyond the domain of the theatre. Listening, watching, holding discussions…not just harping on threadbare arguments. The workshop 'Premeny poetiky slovenskeho divadla na prelome 20. a 21. storocia' (The Metamorphoses of the Poetics of the Slovak Theatre at the Turn of the 20th and 21st Centuries) was just that. The venue of the workshop was the Little Congress Centre of VEDA, Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences; here, on 18 June, 2008, a dialogue between theorists and critics was started, with the financial support of the Ministry of Culture of the Slovak Republic and VEGA Grant Agency.