The article points out that the vector of the new century is the transformation of ideas about goals, leverages and the value of life, the formation of important competencies. The elementary school occupies special place in the structure of secondary education. At the stage of modernization of educational content it is aimed at creating conditions for the establishment of personal training; it focuses on the implementation of competence approach to educational content. The authors define and prove special pedagogical conditions. Their implementation in the educational process of primary school will purposefully affect the formation of children of primary school age health saving competence, which include: 1) formation of pupils’ motivation for a healthy lifestyle and value attitude to health (influences motivational-value component of health saving competence); 2) step by step realization methods of forming the junior pupils health saving competence (influences cognitive-conscious component of health preservation competence); 3) organization of health preservation environment to fixing pupils’ life skills that promote physical, social, mental and spiritual health (ifluences action-behavioral component of health saving competence). The authors characterize the forms of organization of educational process, which will provide an opportunity to get valeological knowledge and improve health saving skills to junior schoolchildren. It is, first of all, the lessons of physical culture, health care, natural sciences, physical education and wellness activities (dynamic pause, athletic minute, and so on); beyond curricula (socializing, training, travel, etc.) and extracurricular (sports clubs, swimming pool, hobby groups, different types of dances and so on) activities; specially organized recreational activities and procedures, minor forms of recreation, which will lead to the formation of the cult of health, the need in a healthy lifestyle, and therefore health saving competence. The article does not exhaust the problem of competency approach to forming in primary school pupils’ health saving knowledge in the educational area. Future directions of our research will be aimed at pedagogical support of the health saving process of junior pupils and lighting the main features of future primary school teachers training to valeological education of pupils.