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EN
Leon Urbański (1926–1998) was one of the most eminent Polish typographers, winning many awards in Poland and abroad. He was an honorary member of the elite international society of publishers and typographers Double Crown Club, which had ten more foreign members aside from Urbański. He worked as a designer, teacher and lecturer at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, and established the first Typographic Design Studio at the faculty of Graphic Arts of the Academy. He understood the need to train typographers in Poland and stressed that a typography specialist needed to have not only talent and intuition, but, more importantly, also erudition. He believed that one could learn book design only through a lengthy, laborious process. In his opinion one could learn painting techniques in two weeks, given enough talent, but books had to be placed in the right context and that required profound knowledge and interdisciplinary education. Urbański said that successful typography needed more than imitation, even of the greatest masters. The quality of lettering, he believed, was equally important. Typography education should begin with sensitizing students to letters, their shape, the connection between signs. Urbański intuitively sensed that there was a connection between typography and bibliography.
EN
The numerous books designed by Leon Urbański (1926–1998), a distinguished Polish 20th-century typographer, included, in particular, a series published by the Polish Oriental Society between 1966 and 1987 at the Ossoliński National Institute. The series was important for the artist himself and was also highly valued by specialists, a fact confirmed by numerous awards. The article analyses the most interesting volumes in terms of their graphics and typography, showing the designer’s inspirations and his fascination with the Middle and Far East. The typographic analysis covers not only books published by the Ossolineum, but also book designs made by Urbański. A comparative analysis reveals significant differences between the designs and the end products, providing material for reflection on the work of the artist and the possibilities of publishing his designs. When comparing the books with the designs, it is easier to understand the essence of Leon Urbański’s work – the significance of the detail and of precision.
EN
The paper describes a somewhat forgotten book collection of the outstanding Wrocław editor Jan Kuglin, in terms of the editions on print aesthetics contained therein. The collection, which is a reflection of Kuglin’s scientific passions, contains many valuable books in German, English, Polish, Russian and Czech in the field of book and printing history, editing, book design, typography, writing, graphic techniques, polygraphy, paper industry, bookbinding, etc. In the book collection of Kuglin one can find editions being examples of a perfect typography. Thus, the collection stored in the Library of the Institute of Information and Library Science of the University of Wrocław is an excellent source for research on the aesthetics of printing in the 20th century.
EN
The aim of the article is not only to point out at low quality of typography of contemporary scientific books published in Poland, but mainly to aware that it generates negative impact on communication value. In that context 400 books published in Poland by bibliologists in last 10 years were analyzed by authors of the article. The conclusions presented in the article were based on the analysis of the semantic quality of covers (semantic relations of text and image). The most typical and repetitive errors (e.g. neutrality, literalism and incompatibility) were shown and described. Last, but not least, it was proven by some of good examples, that working on and achieving the proper quality of com­munication in cover’s design is possible, despite the costs. The only way to success is to understand the real needs of users and design thinking in books’ design.
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