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According to recent society guidelines, upper gastrointestinal bleed initial approach includes assessment of hemodynamic status, fluid resuscitation if necessary, transfusion strategy to target hemoglobin above 7 (g/dL), use of intravenous proton pump inhibitor and generally upper endoscopy within 24 hours. We present a case of a 26-year-old woman who sought treatment after one episode of hematemesis and pre-syncope. She had a similar presentation three months earlier and received interventional radiology-guided mesenteric angiography and the use of multiple coils to embolize a 1.5-cm deep punched-out duodenal ulcer. Migration of the coil was noted on endoscopy within the previously described ulcer. Coil migration is expected to occur in up to 3% of cases of endovascular embolization. However, migration into the duodenum is uncommon and could have actually been a contributing factor to the current bleed.
Content available remote Assessment of chemotherapy-induced anemia in children with cancer
Anemia is a common cause of co-morbidity in children with cancer. We reviewed a series of 124 children with non-metastatic cancer to assess the relationship between chemotherapy intensity, severe anemia, and frequency of transfusion. In more than 60% of children who received intensive chemotherapy, transfusions were prescribed compared to 38% and 21% of children treated with standard and mild chemotherapy, respectively. In conclusion, our data suggest that the intensity and duration of chemotherapy constitute important factors in determining the onset of anemia.
Anemia is an indisputable finding in patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) that can occur any time preoperatively. In presence of severe coronary artery disease, anemia can dramatically affect surgical outcomes. Therefore, we conducted this study to determine the effect of low preoperative hemoglobin (Hgb) on postoperative outcome in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). In all, 4432 patients who had undergone isolated CABG at Tehran Heart Center over the 2-year period from March 2006 to February 2008 were studied. All medical records of the aforementioned patients were derived from our hospital surgery data bank. After adjustment for confounders, the association of different preoperative levels of Hgb with risk of cardiac, pulmonary, infectious, and ischemic complications, and also with prolonged ventilation and resource utilization, were assessed in a multivariable model. After adjustment for confounders that may affect mortality and morbidities, we found that cardiac, infectious, ischemic, and pulmonary complications, as well as postoperative mortality, were significantly higher in anemic patients compared to those with normal Hgb levels. In addition, total ventilation time, total intensive care unit hour stay (ICU), hospital length of stay (HLOS), and postsurgery length of stay (PLOS) were significantly longer in anemic patients. We concluded that isolated CABG patients with preoperative anemia have significantly higher mortality and morbidity, and use more health care resources. Preoperative anemia is an independent variable for increased resource utilization, morbidity, and mortality.
To provide instruction for pregnant women regarding adequate and balanced nutrition and determine whether iron and folic acid supplementation is essential. The research was an experimental clinical intervention. The study was conducted between March 2004 and May 2005 with 80 pregnant volunteers. The study participants were in their 16th to 24th weeks of pregnancy; all participants were healthy, carried only one fetus, and successfully completed their pregnancy. All participants were instructed about adequate and balanced nutrition. Until the participants gave birth, 40 (Group 1) consumed an iron-rich diet that was equivalent to the inclusion of a supplement containing 100 mg Ferro III plus 0,35 mg folic acid; the other group (Group 2) was also instructed in proper nutrition and was given by a gynecologist 1 tablet (100 mg) Ferro III hydroxide polymaltose complex and iron pharmaceutical with 0,35 mg folic acid (Maltofer Fol). In both groups, before and after the instruction, consumption frequency was noted, and the levels of serum ferritin, serum iron, total iron-binding capacity, folic acid, and vitamin B12 in the blood were determined at monthly intervals. Between the two groups, no statistical difference was found with regard to age, number of pregnancies, weight before pregnancy, body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy, and weight of the newborn (p>0,05). At the end of the study, the hemoglobin, hematocrit, and serum ferritin levels decreased considerably in both groups compared to the initial values (p<0.01). No statistically significant difference in serum ferritin levels could be found between the two groups (p>0,05). The comparison of Group I and Group II in terms of nutritional status (average energy and food consumption) in the pre-instruction and post-instruction periods revealed that intake of total protein, heme protein, dietary fiber, folic acid, carotene, vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C, and B12, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc was higher in Group I in the post-instruction period (p=0.000); no statistically significant change in nutritional status during pregnancy was observed in Group II. Conclusion: Medical diet programs with iron sources are examined in association with food consumption. Assessment of hematological results suggests that, during pregnancy, each patient should receive a specific dose, rather than a routine dose, of iron and folic acid.
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