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Content available remote Treatment of Perianal Fistulas in Poland
100%
EN
A perianal fistula is a pathological canal covered by granulation tissue connecting the anal canal and perianal area epidermis. The above-mentioned problem is the reason for the patient to visit the surgeonproctologist. Unfortunately, the disease is characterized by a high recurrence rate, even despite proper management. The aim of the study was to determine the current condition of perianal fistula treatment methods in everyday surgical practice, considering members of the Society of Polish Surgeons. Material and methods. 1523 members of the Society of Polish Surgeons received an anonymous questionnaire comprising 15 questions regarding perianal fistula treatment in everyday practice. Results. Results were obtained from 807 (53%) members. After receiving answers, questionnaire results were collected, analysed, and presented in a descriptive form. Conclusions. Study results showed that most Polish surgeons choose the fistulectomy/fistulotomy method. Considering treatment of perianal fistulas the most important issue is to find the correct, primary fistula canal. Further methods should be individually selected for each patient. One should also remember that every fistula is different. Surgical departments that operate a small number of perianal fistulas should direct such patients to reference centers.
EN
Introduction: Perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano are common findings in infants and children. The perianal abscess is usually a manifestation of a fistula-in-ano. Experience of our center indicates general lack of knowledge of the origin of the abscess and therefore, it is usually treated by incision and drainage, which leads to repeated recurrences. Aim: We aimed to present the optimal management of fistula-in-ano and perianal abscess in order to reduce or even eliminate the risk of recurrence. Material and methods: The retrospective study included 24 infants with perianal abscess treated at our center between 2013 and 2015. Patients were divided into two groups: group I (50%) was primary treated in our center, while group II had undergone prior surgical interventions in other hospitals. Fistula-in-ano was intraoperatively identified in all patients (100%) and fistulotomy was performed. Results: No fecal incontinence or recurrence of perianal abscess were observed in any of our patients. In group II, the disorder was associated with severe inflammation, some patients underwent an additional surgical intervention, such as incision and drainage of an extensive buttock’s abscess; patients required longer antibiotic therapy and prolonged hospitalization. Conclusion: Minimally invasive approach (sitz baths, antibiotic therapy, puncture or incision and drainage of the abscess) appears tempting due to its simplicity and lack of need for general anesthesia, but it is associated with a high recurrence rate. Fistulotomy and fistulectomy, which are slightly more invasive procedures, significantly reduce the recurrence rate of fistulain- ano and perianal abscess.
3
Content available Treatment of perianal fistulas in Po
100%
EN
A perianal fistula is a pathological canal covered by granulation tissue connecting the anal canal and perianal area epidermis. The above-mentioned problem is the reason for the patient to visit the surgeonproctologist. Unfortunately, the disease is characterized by a high recurrence rate, even despite proper management. The aim of the study was to determine the current condition of perianal fistula treatment methods in everyday surgical practice, considering members of the Society of Polish Surgeons. Material and methods. 1523 members of the Society of Polish Surgeons received an anonymous questionnaire comprising 15 questions regarding perianal fistula treatment in everyday practice. Results. Results were obtained from 807 (53%) members. After receiving answers, questionnaire results were collected, analysed, and presented in a descriptive form. Conclusions. Study results showed that most Polish surgeons choose the fistulectomy/fistulotomy method. Considering treatment of perianal fistulas the most important issue is to find the correct, primary fistula canal. Further methods should be individually selected for each patient. One should also remember that every fistula is different. Surgical departments that operate a small number of perianal fistulas should direct such patients to reference centers.
EN
Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract in treatment of anal fistulas (LIFT) is being said to have satisfactory results in short and long follow up, with low risk of complications. This study was designed to evaluate the results in patients with complex and recurrent fistulas in comparison with simple transsphincteric anal fistulas. The aim of the study was to present a single-center experience in LIFT procedure in treatment of both simple and complex anal fistulas, including recurrent fistulas, in comparison with a review of current literature. Material and methods. A series of 17 patients were qualified to LIFT procedure. 5 patients were treated for simple transsphincteric, 6 for complex fistulas, 6 with fistulas recurrent after fistulotomy. Median age was 47, most of the patients were male (16/17). Mean follow up was 11 months. Results. Mean operating time was 55 minutes counting from surgical site disinfection to final dressing of the wound. Of the 17 patients the overall success rate was 53%. As expected, best results were achieved in patients with simple fistulas (80% success rate), then complex (50%), and recurrent fistulas (only 33%). There were no early nor late complications of the surgery. Conclusion. As expected, in simple transsphincteric fistulas the results were satisfactory, taking into account low complication rate. Complex and recurrent fistulas seem to be risk factors of LIFT failure. The results are consistent with data published by other authors, based on the review of the current literature, and it seems there is still room for improvement, so further research is required.
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