The motif of paradise in the culture and art of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries ranks among the most important ones, while in Vienna, apart from being so meaningful for writers (e.g. Hugo von Hofmannsthal) and artists from the Secession circle (Gustav Klimt, Josef Hoffmann, Josef Maria Olbrich and others), it was also important to Oskar Kokoschka. This can be well seen in the poetical lithograph-illustrated fairy tale Die Träumenden Knaben, designed by him as a Gesamthkunstwerk in 1907/8. In the text- and image-layer, the youthful work deeply rooted in the tradition, drew inspiration from e.g. the ideas of J. W. von Goethe and Adalbert Stifter.