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EN
A 3-year field experiment covered two methods of soil tillage, conventional and sim-plified, as well as the following herbicide options: Plateen 41,5 WG, Plateen 41,5 WG + Fusilade Forte 150 EC, Plateen 41,5 WG + Fusilade Forte 150 EC + adjuvant Atpolan 80 EC, Barox 460 SL, Barox 460 SL + Fusilade Forte 150 EC, Barox 460 SL + Fusilade Forte 150 EC + adjuvant Atpolan 80 EC and control object – mechanical weeding. Potassium content and its removal by potato tubers significantly depended on soil tillage methods, weed control methods and research years. More potassium was contained in tubers harvested from conventional tillage compared with the re-duced tillage. Herbicides applied in the potato field significantly decreased potassium content in tubers compared with the control object. Simplifications of soil tillage de-creased potassium accumulation in potato tubers compared with the conventional till-age. Significant changes were also observed in content of potassium and its removal by 1 tonne tubers between the experimental years.
EN
The effect of foliar feeding with four biostimulants with active substances (Ecklonia maxima algae extract, titanium, humic substances, plant hormones: auxin and cytokinin) on the chlorophyll content and plant height of three Solanum tuberosum cultivars was investigated. A field experiment was carried out in 2015–2017 in eastern Poland in three growing seasons using the split-plot method. The cultivated varieties significantly differentiated the chlorophyll content (SPAD index) and plant height. The research showed the influence of varieties and many years of research on the height of potato plants. The biostimulants increased the value of the SPAD coefficient and the height of the potato plants.
EN
Studies were carried out over the years 2008-2010 to determine the effect of Soil Conditioner UGmax on unit performance, that is potato tuber weight and number per one plant and average weight of one tuber. An experiment included two factors: I – two edible potato cultivars (Satina and Tajfun), II – five UGmax application methods (1. control without UGmax, 2. UGmax applied prior to tuber planting at the rate of 1.0 dm3 ha-1 , 3. UGmax applied prior to tuber planting at the rate of 0.5 dm3 ha-1 followed by two foliar applications at the rate of 0.25 dm3 ha-1, 4. UGmax applied prior to tuber planting at the rate of 1,0 dm3 ha-1 followed by two foliar applications at the rate of 0.5 dm3 ha-1, 5. two foliar applications of UGmax at the rate of 0.5 dm3 ha-1). Samples, consisting of tubers of 10 potato plants, were taken to determine the performance of one plant. The Soil Fertilise UGmax increased the weight of tubers per plant and the average weight of one tuber compared with the control. Moreover, the potato cultivars and weather conditions during the growing season significantly influenced the above-mentioned parameters.
EN
This paper presents the comparison of the quality of new potatoes imported from the Mediterranean area during the winter-spring period. The study material included the new potatoes imported from Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Spain and Morocco, purchased in Poland, from the beginning of February to the end of May. The laboratory analyses were performed on a total of 162 potato samples. The dry matter content in the new potatoes imported from Spain and Morocco was higher than in the potatoes originating from Cyprus, Egypt or Israel. The dry matter content in the new potatoes imported from Cyprus, Egypt, and in the majority of new potatoes imported from Israel did not differ significantly. PCA showed that the potatoes which had more dry matter contained more L ascorbic acid but less total sugars. The least L-ascorbic acid content and the lowest protein content were determined in the ‘Nicola’ potatoes imported from Israel and 'Excellency' tubers imported from Spain. The amounts of L-ascorbic acid and protein in the remaining potato samples tested were at a similar level. The potatoes of the same variety imported from different countries did not differ in terms of L-ascorbic acid content. The 'Maris Peer' tubers imported from Spain had more protein than those originating from Israel. The starch contents in new potatoes imported from Israel and Cyprus were lower compared with the tubers from Egypt, Spain and Morocco. The potatoes which had more starch had higher dry matter contents and more monosaccharides. The highest starch content was determined in the ‘Excellency’ potatoes, which represent the floury cooking type, imported from Spain or Morocco. The 'Excellency' tubers imported from Morocco had more total sugars and monosaccharides than the potatoes imported from Spain. All of the tested potato varieties had a very low susceptibility to the aftercooking darkening.
7
Content available Efficacy of Herbicides in Potato Crop
100%
EN
The experiment was conducted on slightly acidic soil classified as very good rye complex. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of plant–care procedures with the use of herbicides and their mixtures on the number and weed species composition in the field of three edible potato cultivars: Satina, Tajfun and Cekin. The weed infestation was determined at two dates: before the row closure and before tuber harvest. The most effective in decrease of weed infestation, before the row closure as well as before the harvesting of the tubers, appeared to be variations in which herbicides mixtures were used: Command 480 EC 0.2 l ha-1 + Dispersive Afalon 450 SC 1.0 l ha-1 and Stomp 400 SC 3.5 l ha-1 + Dispersive Afalon 450 SC 1.0 l ha-1. According to the conducted researches, the potato cultivars did not have significant effect on weed infestation marked at the beginning and at the end of vegetation.
EN
This elaboration was based on yields of nine medium-early cultivars of potato grown in Karżniczka station belonging to COBORU(Research Centre for Cultivar Testing) and on monthly precipitation sums during the growing season (April – August). For each of the cultivars separately in subsequent years and for precipitation sums in particular months of the growing season (IV–VII) polynomial regression models of precipitation – cultivar’s yield – were calculated. At the beginning of the growing season the yield of medium-early cultivars of potato was negatively correlated with monthly precipitation sums, while in the final stage of vegetation – this correlation was positive. The lowest yield of Stasia cultivar was noted with monthly precipitation sum of 34–38 mm in April, Tajfun cultivar with May precipitation from 100 to 120 mm, Finezja and Jurek cultivars with monthly June precipitation of 120 mm. Whereas maximum yield of Cekin and Jurek cultivars was noted with August precipitation of about 100 mm.
EN
This paper describes a the effect of storage time on selected mechanical properties of potatoes, method for determining the impact strength and dynamic shear strength of potatoes on a test stand designed by the authors. The results of preliminary tests examining the effect of storage time on the average impact bending strength and shear strength values of potatoes cv. Irga are also presented. The above parameters and changes in their values during storage time have to be determined to support the optimization of technological processes in the food processing industry, including the production of French fries and potato chips.
EN
The results of three years of research concerned the assessment of the profitability of table potato production depending on the control of weed infestation and the use of biostimulants: (1) control object, (2) Avatar 293ZC (clomazone + metribuzin), (3) Avatar 293ZC + biostimulator PlonoStart, (4) Avatar 293ZC + biostimulator Aminoplant, (5) Avatar 293ZC + biostimulator Agro-Sorb-Folium. The research material consisted of potato tubers of the Malaga variety coming from a field experiment carried out in 2018–2020 on medium soil, in a split-plot arrangement, as two-factorial in three replications. Mechanical and chemical treatments increased the marketable yield of tubers by an average of 37.4%, and decreased the by-yield of tubers by an average of 23.9% compared to the control object. The direct surplus per 1 ha of cultivation ranged from PLN 3521.1 in the control object (1) to PLN 11277.9 in object (5) (herbicid + Agro-Sorb Folium).
EN
The study utilized data from a field experiment carried out at the Experimental Station in Zawady owned by the University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce in the years 2005–2007. The experimental factors included two soil tillage systems and seven weed control methods in potato. Iron, copper and zinc in weeds were deter- mined with the AAS method. The trace element content in weed dry matter before row closure of potato depended significantly on soil tillage methods (excluding Cu), weed control methods and weather conditions, and, prior to tuber harvest, on soil tillage and weather conditions during the growing season. The uptake of Fe, Cu, and Zn by weeds from the area of 1 hectare depended on the experimental factors, weed biomass and weed chemical composition.
EN
The work was an attempt to determine and describe certain quality characteristics of edible potato on sale in Siedlce and Międzyrzec Podlaski. Potato tubers for examination were purchased in 3 kinds of retail outlets (ten shops of each kind) in east-central Poland. A total of 90 samples were collected to determine tuber size, protein and vitamin C content, reducing sugars and sucrose content. Potatoes purchased in all kinds of outlets met the standards set for tuber size. Potatoes bought in supermarkets had a better chemical composition than tubers purchased in groceries or fruit and vegetable shops. All the potato tubers were a good staple.
EN
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the soil fertilizer UGmax on zinc, copper and manganese contents in potato tubers. A three – year field experiment was carried out on soil which belonged to a very good rye complex. The experiment was established according to randomized split-plot method, in three replications. The following factors were examined: factor I: edible potato varieties (Satina and Typhoon), and factor II: doses and timing of UGmax application. As a result of conducted research, significantly smaller copper content in potato tubers was found, after usage of the soil preparation UGmax, in comparison with a control object, while zinc and manganese content continued to show only a downward trend. The influence of weather conditions and potato varieties on the copper cumulation in the dry mass of potato tuber was proved. An important influence of the factors of the experiment on the uptake of researched macroelements with the potato tuber yield was also shown.
EN
The basis of this elaboration constituted data concerning mean starch content in nine medium-early cultivars of potato grown in six experimental stations belonging to CO-BORU (Research Centre for Cultivar Testing) in years 2010–2013. Using stepwise regression analysis the influence of thermal and precipitation conditions on starch content in potato cultivars was examined. Such analysis was performed for locations, years and particular cultivars. The analysis showed that starch content in tubers of medium-early potato cultivars depends more on precipitation than on thermal condi-tions. The relationship between starch content in tubers and precipitation and thermal conditions varied in different stations. In four stations (Karżniczka, Sulejów, Uhnin, Węgrzce) it depended on precipitation noted in August, in two (Uhnin and Słupia) – in July and in other two (Naroczyce and Słupia) – in June. Positive influence of temperature on starch content was noted only in August in Karżniczka. Starch content in tubers of Ametyst and Gawin cultivars depended on precipitation sum in August, Satina cultivar – in July, Oberon cultivar – in June and July, and Cekin, Finezja, Jurek, Stasia and Tajfun cultivars – on precipitation in July and August.
EN
Field experiments were carried out in 2015–2017 with the use of bio-stimulators on an individual farm in Międzyrzec Podlaski. The experiment was based on a random split-plot method. The influence of two first factors was examined. The primary factor included three varieties of edible potato: Honorata, Jelly, Tajfun, and the secondary factor involved five ways of using bio-stimulators: Kelpak SL, Titanit, Green Ok, Brunatne Bio Złoto Cytokinin. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of bio-stimulators on the tastiness and darkening of the pulp of raw and cooked tubers after 10 minutes. The effectiveness of the application of individual bio-stimulators in the cultivation of edible potato varieties: Honorata, Jelly and Tajfun was compared with the control object (without using bio-stimulators) sprayed with water. The methods of using bio-stimulators did not change the tastiness and darkening of the pulp of raw tubers, but they had a significant impact on the darkening of the pulp of the cooked tubers. The raw and cooked pulp of the Honorata variety darkened the least, and the Jelly variety turned out to be the tastiest, scoring 8.0 points on a scale of 1–9 compared to the remaining varieties.
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