The purpose of this study lies in elucidation of the basic and specific factors that influenced the development of the folklore movement in years 2000 – 2015. There are several factors directly influencing the existence itself, as well as the creation and state of this movement. The following text deals with folklore collectives, folklore festivals, competitions, shows, institutions and important personalities, as all these aspects are considered crucial for the given area of study. The period of the last fifteen years brings a new attitude in several contexts. In the past, the life of the authentic folklore existed within small social groups which were its direct creators. In present days, however, the traditional manifestations of folklore of the past became the manifestations of the mass culture. Furthermore, opposite to the variability of the folklore they show signs of uniformity. The elementary difference in comparing the past with the present can be found in natural spontaneity of the folklore in the past and institutional directing and organization of the folklorism nowadays. Somewhere among these features it could be possible to find the fundamental role and significance of the folklore movement in Slovakia.