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The center of my attention in this article will be in an analysis of the activities of the Association of People of Kashubian Nationality Kaszëbskô Jednota. The study will serve as an illustration of a process referred to as identity politics. My objective was to reconstruct the vision of the world shared by the members of the Association, or, in other words, the identification discourse and its basic nodal points. The subject of analysis is the textual layer of the official web page of the Association, The web page, and especially its contents, was treated as a holistic cultural text, comprising both official documents, such the statute or the ideological declaration, as well as articles, opinions, and links to other sources.
The Kashubian Institute - a society of scholars connected in various ways with Kashubia and Pomerania - was grounded in Gdansk in 1996. Among its founders and members are scholars from different academic centres in Poland and abroad; a majority of them represent the humanities. The aims of the Institute comprise initiation and conducting of scientific research, publishing activity and supporting young scholars. To date, achievements of the KI include scores of conferences and over a hundred publications, such as basic works on the history and sociology of Kashubians, biographies of outstanding Kashubian activists and writers, volumes of prose and poetry, as well as memoirs and monographs of tows and villages. The Institute, with the help of external financial assistance, cooperates with the Kashubian-Pomeranian Association and the Museum of Kashubian-Pomeranian Literature and Music in Wejherowo as well as with other similar institutions in Poland and Europe, also with Kashubian communities in America. An important part of the activity of the KI is collaboration with teachers within the scope of regional education - not only in Kashubia but also other regions of Pomerania. The 'trademark' of the KI is the yearbook 'Acta Cassubiana'.
Gerard Labuda in memoriam (28.12.1916 – 1.10.2010)
On entering the territory of Poland, Soviet soldiers received strict orders to refrain from violence on Polish citizens. However, on crossing the former borders of the Third Reich no such orders were issued. For many of the expulsed Germans, incoming Poles and native inhabitants (Kashubians) excruciating days began. The article presents the role of Soviet war headquarters and the conduct of the Red Army Soldiers toward post-German property and Polish settlers as well as the violence and crimes committed against the population currently staying on that area. Descriptions of the events are well documented by source materials obtained from the archives and based on the recollections of the victims. The information contained in the article on crimes committed by Soviet soldiers, only to a small extent depicts the actual facts, which require further investigation.
tom 94
The article discusses the situation of Kashubians in Poland against modern globalisation processes. The Kashubian language, identified as one of the basic elements of identity and the foundation of the culture of this group is gradually disappearing, particularly as the everyday means of communication. Reluctance of the young generation to speak the language and the diminishing role of the family as the enculturation group are among the main reasons for this. On the other hand, an opposite trend is observed, namely revitalisation of the Kashubian language in the public space, which is accompanied by the strengthening of its legal status and its recognition as the regional language, having the status of an auxiliary official language. The regional artistic creativity is also an important element of the Kashubian identity. Today pride of one's own cultural heritage, promoted by the local press, television, radio, Internet, cultural events, organisations and institutions, is a significant factor contributing to and strengthening the identity. The author shows how the processes that strengthen the Kashubian identity overlap globalisation phenomena. She presents Kashubia as a region whose inhabitants look for equilibrium between globalisation trends and retention of their ethnoregional uniqueness.
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