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The article aims to identify capabilities of consulting in stimulating innovation activities, with emphasis on the key aspect of the innovation process, dissemination of innovations and building up the demand for innovations. Experiences of several consulting firms are considered, information about effective mechanisms for innovations dissemination in organizations belonging to various sectors and ownership categories is given. Also, it is shown that capabilities of professional business consulting as an innovation factor and a basic component of the national innovation system (NIS) are still understated in Ukraine, and that consulting methods are not properly used to inform consumers about innovation advantages, to encourage consumer demand for innovation products, or, to put it another way, to set up systemic communication between engineers and sellers of industrial innovations as agents of the national innovation system. Capabilities of consulting as a mechanism pushing up innovation in time of the economy recovery from the crisis are shown. Feasibility of establishing innovation consulting agencies at the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Ukraine, established as joint ventures of the NAS with outstanding consulting firms (including foreign ones) is discussed.
The article contains Information about an ad hoc innovation-focused survey of 12 leading enterprises, research and technological organizations, firms located in the city of Kharkiv (regional center, large industrial center in the Eastern Ukraine), conducted by specialists of economics and marketing department of the National Technical University 'Kharkiv Politechnic Institute'. Questions included in interview are divided into two groups: innovation-specific factors depending on enterprises; innovation-specific externalities, including administrative (regulatory) influences on innovation and investment activities. The first group of questions deals with innovation activity in respondents' enterprises, location of innovations generators (internal or external), technology (intellectual property) transfer. Regarding the first group of questions, the surveyed sample performance seems to be acceptable as a whole, although more than 40% of respondents have low or too low innovation performance. The second group of questions aims to find out respondents' opinion on what the innovation performance depend (state power, business partners, personnel); respondents' needs and expectations with respect to administrative support and its forms, and to private investment and its forms; respondents' visions of the strongest policy-specific pressures on innovation (such as taxation system, failure to secure invested funds). Basically, innovation performance in surveyed organizations can be referred to as rather satisfactory, in spite of the lack of administrative support as reported by the overwhelming majority (75%) of respondents.
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