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EN
Magnitude of result is main factor influencing on level profitability and besides to determines source of power supply in own capital, which to makes possible further development of firm by enlargement of state of centres permanent and rotators. Because also point of departure fully developed analysis financial, firms guilty to be synthetic analysis of financial result as of basic element of results economic firms. With object this analysis's should be settlement of changes in attained results and first attribute whether and in which one degree became he obtained finally economic activities, leaning on utilisation of intensive factors.
EN
Despite the 2008 financial crisis and the ensuing world recession, the integration of the world’s economies is unlikely to falter significantly, especially as barriers to trade and exchange continued to diminish across the globe. This paper suggests that through a more thorough integration of the ressourcement method of renewing the Catholic Church through returning to the sources of Christian inspiration – most notably Sacred Scripture, Tradition, and the Church Fathers – Catholic social teaching can develop in ways that underline core Christian themes that are very relevant to economic globalization. With particular reference to the first three encyclical letters of Benedict XVI – Deus Caritas Est (2005), Spe Salvi (2007), and Caritas in Veritate (2009) – the paper illustrates how through deeper reflection upon themes such as love and hope, Catholic social teaching is able to renew Catholic thinking about human flourishing and integral human development in a global economy, especially when it comes to themes such as justice and utopia.
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nr 1
7-27
EN
Axiological studies have been part of sociological research into business activity since the beginnings of the field. But there is still no agreement among scholars as two major concepts that are competing for dominance. One, building on the ideas proposed by Max Weber, advocates the priority of value over instrumental rationality, and it follows the path typical of ideological determinism. The other, with its roots in Karl Marx’s historical materialism, argues for the primacy of matter over mind. What these two have in common is the presence of two aspects, axiological and existential. The difference lies in their position of importance. Each approach makes different kinds of reductions, which are challenged by contemporary socio-economic systems that operate according to post-industrial logic. The goal of this article is to arrive at a new understanding of economic axiology. This understanding must be free from any reductionism that would assign the axiology radically different roles – either as a dependent or independent variable in growth. Economic axiology will be presented as a central category, a product of human interaction, and both a contributor to and an outcome of growth. Last but not least, based on the principle of double morphogenesis, specific economic axiologies will be identified.
EN
The development of human civilisation led to a broad normalisation of human life. The legal system, however, must always uphold our inherent and inalienable human dignity, which means that law must be in service of the individual. The aim of the all pervading legal regulation is, generally, to ensure a harmonious socio-economic development and to facilitate the individual’s self-realisation. A function of law is, on the one hand, to fit the letter of the law to the reality and, on the other hand, to fit the reality to the letter of statutory law. A particular phenomenon which is subjected to juridification is technological progress by which human civilisation can be defined. It can lead to disruptions in functioning of the existing social, economic, political and other arrangements. Law deals with it in two aspects. Firstly, it regularises the arter-effects of the progress, including the threats it generates. Secondly, it deals with the progress itself as such.
EN
In the globalized world, international communication seems particularly important in the context of the planning and conduct of foreign policy. Apart from traditional forms of interaction such as diplomacy, economy or military means, it is also important to have an impact on the culture and values of other societies. One of the tools for this service is the media and institutions involved in building social bonds, disseminating knowledge about a given country or its language. Depending on the state, these elements may be more or less effectively used in foreign policy. The case of the People’s Republic of China, with its aspirations to the global power, and the current system of power, seems to be a particularly interesting and therefore is the purpose of this study.
EN
Most for-profit organisations must constantly improve their business strategies and approaches to remain competitive. Many of them choose to embark on Lean or Six Sigma journeys with the intention of maximising productivity and increasing sales. Despite a significant progress in the development of the Big 3 Improvement Methodologies (Lean, Six Sigma, Theory of Constraints - TOC), many manufacturers are still involved in ineffective operations, resulting in longer-than-desired lead times, late deliveries, high inventories and considerable operational costs. All of these business errors seriously challenge the company's competitiveness. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate the importance of effective analysis of maintaining the appropriate level of inventory in gaining a competitive advantage of the company using the company's key resources in the competitive struggle on the market while conducting continuous reporting of reasons for not achieving the assumed business goals, and using the principles of the economy of bandwidth in order to maximize the profitability.
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Content available remote Fair Value in Financial Statements of Bulgarian Enterprises
80%
EN
The author undertakes an important issue relating to axiology of activities (individual and collective) incorporated in the Bulgarian financial and economic practice. Moneva points to phenomena which favour corruption and reinforce patterns of illegal conduct and practices distant from what has been recognized in liberal democracies of the West as correct and recommended. Lack of clarity and transparency of power, lack of public oversight over state institutions support persistence of pathological and destructive practices. The article constitutes an important voice in defence of democratic values.
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Content available remote Pozyskiwanie wiedzy jako czynnik dynamizujący rozwój gospodarki
80%
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2005
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tom z. 27
236-243
PL
W artykule przedstawiono problematykę związaną z pozyskiwaniem wiedzy przez współczesne przedsiębiorstwa. W miarę rozwoju techniki, informatyki i ciągłych innowacji zdobywanie wiedzy i jej ciągłe poszerzanie drogą kształcenia ustawicznego nabiera coraz to większego znaczenia. Przedsiębiorstwa inwestujące w wiedzę swoich pracowników stają się bardziej konkurencyjne i odnoszą sukces gospodarczy. Inwestowanie w kapitał ludzki drogą ustawicznego kształcenia jest jedną z najbardziej efektywnych metod działania mających na celu zwiększenie konkurencyjności wytwarzanych produktów oraz optymalizację zachowań rynku.
EN
This article describes present-day enterprises problems, regarding gaining knowledge process. In times of technology, data processing and innovation development, knowledge gaining and constant widening become more and more important. Enterprises are more competitive and successful if investment in employees knowledge growth is their policy. Investing in human resource by incessant education, is one of the effective methods of activity which has for its object, the increase of the competition of produced items, and also the optimalisation of the behaviour in the market.
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Content available remote Ekonomia dobrobytu społecznego w świetle teorii i praktyki
80%
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2000
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tom Z.5
189-194
PL
W artykule zwrócono uwagę na znaczenie w teorii ekonomii dobrobytu problemów wynikających z nierówności społecznej. W krajach ekonomicznie silnych, z długim stażem gospodarki rynkowej, problem nierówności społecznej jest wnikliwie analizowany i różnymi sposobami neutralizowany, natomiast w Polsce zarówno w piśmiennictwie jak i w praktyce wciąż jest niedostrzegany, mimo że nierówność społeczna systematycznie narasta, o czym świadczą coraz częstsze konflikty społeczne o bardzo szerokim zasięgu.
EN
In the article the attention has been paid to the importance of the prosperity economics theory problems resulting from social inequalities. In the economically strong countries having a long practice of market economy the problem of social inequality is clear-sightedly analysed and neutralised through different methods usage. In Poland it is still missed as in publications as in practice in spite of the fact that social inequality systematically increases what can be proved by more and more frequent social conflicts with very wide scope.
11
Content available remote Gospodarka Niemiec wobec masowego napływu emigrantów
80%
EN
One of the factors restricting the economic growth rate of Germany are the persistently unfavorable demographic trends. Therefore, in the opinion of many economists, the mass influx of refugees from the countries of the Near East and Africa must bee seen as an “opportunity of the century”. This does not mean, however, that immigration carries no problems. The reception of foreigners implies the necessity of incurring substantial expenses in the period preceding their introduction to the German labor market. Expenditures include accommodation, sustenance, participation in language courses and vocational training schemes.
EN
This article is led to describe, is based on the chosen and the particular innovations which were used by the corporations (firms, companies) of the retail trade in Tarnow from 2014 to 2016 and also presents some sources of those innovations in the area. The way to obtain the customers and to have a good relations with them, also to increase the quality of the products, ought to be the main point in these preparations or researches to achieve the success. The other zones, where the innovations are conducted, must be preparing the best offers, decreasing all the costs, which are connected with the service. What is more, and should be mentioned, is the improvement of the work’s condition. This is very essential matter. All the factors, were used in the analyses were prepared to present how the customers can experience and if they need all these changes and innovations. Moreover, the important question in this article is, if the innovations can help some companies to have better development in their business. What is also very essential, if the clients notice the changes and what is done, by the proper companies, to help the customers to make the right decisions.
EN
In every human society, the role of history in determining the level of development cannot be ignored. History is not just an academic discipline, but also the totality of changes humanity has undergone as well as the interactions man enters into with his fellow man on the one hand and the environment on the other since the evolution of the human society. It is therefore, the sum total of these that brings about the development in the society. The history of Africa before colonial conquest is full of various attempts by the people to develop their various areas using indigenous technology, which in some cases are considered very advanced. However, over the years especially after independence, this idea seems to have completely disappeared, which in the view of the paper is due to the neglect of study and knowledge of history. This paper therefore examines the role of the neglect of history in the reality and causes of contemporary economic woes in present day African setting Data obtained from primary and secondary sources were deployed to carry out the study with an analytical and narrative historical method. Findings indicate that the neglect of man in Africa to learn from the lessons of history (both the study and interaction) is responsible for the seemingly gloomy future which the continent is presently faced with as reflected in massive brain-drain, import dependency economy, raw material production industries, and incessant strife among others. The paper concludes that a genuine sense of history, a fidelity to its revelations, courageous acceptance of its judgments and workings and its implications for both the present and future, are necessary steps in the formation of the basic architecture for building a viable Africa. The paper cannot, claim to present the entire history of the continent over the period covered from a uniform perspective. It deal with some selected developments and, in this way, aim to contribute to the presentation of a more multifaceted view especially as it relates to the socio-economic stagnation and decline of indigenous technology of the African continent from a historical point of view.
14
Content available remote The Power of Migrants, or How Turkish Immigrants Influence the Austrian Economy
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EN
The article undertakes an important interdisciplinary topic placed on the boundary between sociological and economic analysis. The author discusses Turkish immigrant work force settled in Austria. The role and place these immigrants occupy in the local social and economic structure reflects on the subjectivity of an individual and on their capability to directly and indirectly impact their environment. Conclusions presented at the end of the article indicate a surprising correlation or interdependence: a long tradition of migration, and extensive historical and cultural links do not translate into a strong position on the labour market. The author tries to answer the question why.
EN
The second half of the fi fteenth century witnessed the beginning of lasting political and property careers of a number of families from Wielkopolska. Among them were, e.g., the Górka family, the Szamotulski family, the Ostroroga family and the Czarnkowski family. The career of Przecław Potulicki, the castellan of Rogoźno (died 1486) is unique in this context. The founder of the future power of his family came from impoverished nobility. He did not hold any high offi ce, nor did he play a greater role in political life. He did not possess any major royal domain, nor did he have income from church property. However, during 50 years of being active in the economic field, he amassed a fortune comparable to the latifundia of the greatest magnates of Wielkopolska at the time: four towns and 49 villages. This was done mainly by purchase, which cost him a total of: 9212 of Polish grzywnas, 785 Prussian grzywnas, 400 threescores of groschen and 2930 fl orins. The foundations of the importance of the Potulicki family established by Przecław turned out to be sound and lasting.
EN
The issue of work in itself is a problem that can be analyzed on many levels and looked at through the prism of many scientific disciplines. Economics in her nature is a social science that studies the state of world economic life using mathematical methods. A fascinating issue for understanding work in economics is the business cycles, which clearly affect unemployment patterns around the world. The nature of economics, which is concerned with studying human activities in times of recession and, just as in times of prosperity, sets the course for politicians, entrepreneurs but also ordinary workers. This is made possible by analysing and observing the behaviour in the economic markets of the world. This article is leaning towards unemployment and employment in France since the beginning of the 21st century, since France is one of the leading economies, alongside Germany, in the European Union.
EN
Enterprises from various industries are increasingly merging into cluster structures in which they see opportunities to develop their current activities and the opportunity to enter other markets. The theme of clusters is gaining increasing interest among business entities. This study analyses the phenomenon of clusters, based on the observations of several existing clusters. This essay focuses mainly on an analysis of the essence of clusters. Since the study is based on literature research, the article is theoretical in nature. The author assesses whether current cluster structures are just a temporary fashion, a new trend, or a real need of enterprises and concludes that clusters can provide economic benefits for regions and promote innovation.
18
Content available remote Nauki ekonomiczne po kryzysie
80%
EN
(Post)crisis economy becomes less orthodox and hermetic. It starts opening itself to external intellectual trends and views its own judgments with less confidence, additionally subjecting them to a growing number of reservations. This paper offers a selection of crisis related reflections.
19
Content available Ekonomiczno-organizacyjne efekty UEFA Euro 2012
80%
EN
UEFA Euro 2012 was the biggest organizational, sporting and business project in the Polish history. European Championships in football are an elite sporting event, which the richest and fastest developing countries try to be the hosts of. UEFA Euro 2012 was the first tournament located in Central and Eastern Europe. The aim of this article is to analyze UEFA Euro 2012 with accordance to economic and social benefits as well as cost-effectiveness of realized investments. Primary research methods were critical analyzes of reports and minutes of companies responsible for preparation of the tournament, the analyzes of literature, own observations and statistics. The European Championships in football which took place in Poland and Ukraine in June and July 2012 are the object of the study. In the range of preparation phase many investments were done, especially in transport infrastructure. Airports, train stations and bus stations were modernized. New, multifunctional sporting objects were built. As it is clear from the calculations, many investments exceeded planned costs. The costs of building the National Stadium were much higher than any other similar objects in Europe. On the other hand the transfer times between host cities and Cracow decreased which directly contributed to the increase of travelling comfort.
20
Content available remote Innowacyjność gospodarki a pozycja Polski w Unii Europejskiej
80%
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1998
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tom T. 77, nr 6
203-205
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