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The presented article offers a brief sociological overview of the emergence and formation of the Slovak military elite after the establishment of the Slovak Republic in 1993. The examined topic is based on the current understanding of the military elite, which focuses on generality. The topic is examined in the context of the development of the Slovak armed forces and the military-organizational changes that the Ministry of Defense went through at the end of the last century and in the two decades of the new millennium. The generals of the Slovak armed forces in the period under review are classified into four groups based on the year and conditions of their appointment to the rank. The data is analyzed based on indicators: age of appointment as a general, completion of military schools (academies), promotion to the rank of general, length of service in the rank of the general, total length of military service, and retirement age.
The creation of a joint state formation on the basis of Constitutional Act no. 143 from 27th October 1968 on the Czechoslovak Federation was an important step towards the equalization of the positions of the Slovak and Czech nations in Czechoslovakia. The disputes about the new constitution in the second half of the 1980s resulted from inconsistent observance of the act, which stated in article 142 that together with adoption of the constitution of Czechoslovakia, both member republics would adopt their own constitutions. However, the proposal of the so called triple constitution of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Czech Socialist Republic and Slovak Socialist Republic showed the principles according to which the federation functioned. It represented a centralist organization of the state. It did not really progress beyond the understanding of the structure of the political system, the leading role of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, the National Front and the socialist system of social ownership according to the constitution of 1960. The leadership of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia was not able to introduce the expected socio-political changes. The communist regime again determined the limits of the liberalization of the internal political situation. In spite of the partial compilation of the Constitutional Act on the Czechoslovak Federation from 1968, the proposed constitution could not eliminate the negative results of the legislation from December 1970. The proposal was evaluated as a step back in such fundamental questions as the solution of the Slovak and Czech question, profiling of national statehood, originality of the position of the national republics and the formation of the common state on its basis.
The aim of the paper is to analyze the activities of the Government Council of the SSR for Nationalities in the years 1969-1970 in the preparation of a bill on the status of nationalities in the Slovak Socialist Republic and the changes that occurred in the Council at the beginning of the normalization process. These changes also affected the preparation of the draft law on the status of nationalities in the SSR and led to the resignation of the Council for the preparation of legislative norms, which were to further develop the constitutional law on the status of nationalities in the SSR. The Government Council of the SSR for Nationalities was one of the institutions formed in Slovakia after the establishment of the Czechoslovak Federation that addressed the issues of nationality. The Council also elaborated the standards for the Constitutional Act on the Status of Nationalities.
The politician, humanist and democrat Alexander Dubček, a leading personality from the Czechoslovak or Prague Spring of 1968, held the position of chairman of the Federal Parliament of the Czecho – Slovak Federal republic from 1990 until the parliamentary elections of June 1992. The parliament, together with the national councils of the Czech and Slovak republics laid the foundations of parliamentary democracy during this period. Dubček, a leading supporter of Czecho – Slovak partnership, had an important role in the political, social and constitutional development of Czecho-Slovakia and its two national republics. He participated in the preparation of a proposed constitution of Czecho-Slovakia and he chaired the Federal Constitution Commission. He took part in many discussions of the national and federal representatives on constitutional questions. He was a supporter of political agreement between representatives, and he also applied this policy in the Federal Parliament. After the parliamentary elections of June 1992, he influenced no longer the development of Czecho-Slovakia.
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