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Content available remote Influence of alcohol on mechanical and electrical properties of thin organic films
Open Physics
tom 5
nr 3
Stability of organic materials properties is essential for further applications and was intensely investigated in last few decades. The aim of this study is to detect the structural changes of dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) monolayer as a model system of organic material under influence of alcohols solutions. As subphases of monolayers (Langmuir films), pure water, ethanol and methanol solutions were used. For detection of changes in charge states of the molecules as well as relation with structural and conformational changes, a contactless method employing Maxwell’s displacement currents (MDC) was used. In DPPC monolayer on the subphase of methanol-water, a gradual absorption of methanol molecules into the layer can appear. In DPPC monolayer on the subphase of ethanol-water adsorption of ethanol molecules on the layer can be observed. Influence of alcohols results in a significant change of mechanical and electrical properties as well as in the stability of thin films.
Molecular interactions of binary mixtures of Ethanol with a new organic compound Ethyl Oleate are investigated at a constant ultrasonic frequency of 2MHz under the temperature range of 303.15K-318.15K. The effect of mole fraction of Ethyl Oleate on velocity of sound wave and the density and viscosity of binary mixtures at various temperatures were studied. The effects on density (ρ), viscosity (η), adiabatic compressibility (βad), inter molecular free length (Lf) and internal pressure (Пi) also was studied.
This work relates to the consecutive reduction of short chain carboxylic acids (volatile fatty acids, VFAs) to alcohols as main products. Acetic acid (AA) was used as a reactant to model the VFAs that can be produced by either thermochemical or biological biomass degradation. The amorphised zeolite supported copper catalysts (Cu/SiAl), especially the In-modified CuIn/SiAl catalysts, showed high hydroconversion activity and selectivity for alcohol, ester and aldehyde. Catalysts containing dispersed copper particles in amorphous aluminosilicate were obtained by dehydrating and H2-reducing Cu-forms of low-silica synthetic zeolites (A, X, P). The activity of the highly destructed Cu-aluminosilicates was found to depend on the structure of the zeolite precursor. The formation of ethyl acetate could be suppressed by adding water to the AA feed and by modifying the catalyst, e.g. by In2O3 additive. In the catalysts modified by In2O3 additive formation of copper-indium alloy phase (Cu2In intermetallic compound) was detected resulting in a different selectivity than the one recorded for the Cu/SiAl. [...]
This study investigated the phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activities of ethanol and methanol leaf extracts of Lantana camara Linn against some clinical pathogens. The ethanol and methanol extracts were obtained by soaking each of the powdered leaf in each solvent. The soaked powdered leaf was allowed to stand for four days at room temperature and later filtered using Whatman filter paper. The filtrate was further concentrated using rotary evaporator and then freeze-dried. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the ethanol and methanol leaf extracts was carried out using agar well diffusion method. The phytochemical analysis was done using standard techniques. Data were analysed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to test for significance. Means were separated using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results of the antimicrobial activity revealed that V. cholerae was the most susceptible while E. coli was the most resistant to plant extracts. The phytochemicals present in the plant leaf had antimicrobial properties and may serve as a good substitute for resistant human pathogens.
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