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The general financial situation of municipal government in the European Union countries seems to be very good. The dynamics of tax income value growth achieved by local and regional authorities considerably exceed the figures characterizing the all public sector. Moreover, municipal authorities at the local and regional level are a leading public investor in many EU countries, they finance 69,3% of all public investments in average in all EU. Besides the value of their budget deficits, at the level of 0,2% GDP, and also their share in values of the national debt at the level of 5,8% GDP the European Union can be qualified as safe having no negative impact on getting positive economic effects in many countries of the European Union.
Looking at the village of Velka Ves the paper focuses upon endogenous developmental activities of the rural settlements. Development of the villages 'from within' i.e. trough the internal initiatives as become gradually important since beginning of 1990s, when municipal government was renewed in Slovakia. The paper deals with the developmental initiatives of municipality, which is currently most important agent in the development of the rural settlements in Slovakia. The endogenous development of the village Velka Ves is defined at three levels, in particular: (a) an importance of the supportive regional institutions for the development of the settlement, (b) the role of the associations in cooperation within and among the settlements, (c) the activities related to the projects.
The subject of the analysis is the process of the exchange of municipal political elite in 1938 – 1944 on the example of Prešov. The municipal political elite are understood by the authors as the part of society that has power, and which determines the direction of further development of society. In the years 1938 – 1944 in Slovakia, there were several interventions in the municipal government in connection with important socio-political events (Post-Munich crisis, declaration of the Slovak state, etc.). These interventions were of a different nature and were regularly linked to staff exchanges. One of the consequences of exchanges in municipal political elites was the penetration of the elements of authoritarianism at the local level. These processes are analysed by the authors on the example of Prešov. In this city, the followers of the incoming Hlinka Slovak People's Party had to fight for the seizure of power, which required the use of all available means. However, they did not avoid intra-party competition. Similar in-depth analyses based on detailed primary research can be seen as a prerequisite for understanding and knowledge of the process of exchange of municipal political elites, including decisive socio-political determinants, as well as the nature of the authoritarian regime established in Slovakia during the Post-Munich crisis in the autumn of 1938.
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